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Vietnam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Vietnam. Video. The Two Vietnams. · Vietnam, a former French colony, was divided into two sections in 1954. · North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, was communist and backed by the Soviet Union. · South Vietnam, led by Ngo Dinh Diem, was democratic and backed by the U.S.

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vietnam
Vietnam
  • Video
slide2

The Two Vietnams

· Vietnam, a former French colony, was divided into two sections in 1954.

slide3

· North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, was communist and backed by the Soviet Union.

· South Vietnam, led by Ngo Dinh Diem, was democratic and backed by the U.S.

slide4

Growing American Involvement

· The U.S. believed that if South Vietnam fell to the communists, the rest of the nations in Southeast Asia would as well in a theory called the domino theory.

us in vietnam 1951 1975
US in Vietnam (1951-1975)
  • Aid to French in Vietnam in 1951
  • First US casualty 1959
  • JFK sends in special forces troops 1961
  • Tet Offensive 1968
  • Vietnam Draft 1969
  • US evacuates in 1975
slide6

· By 1968, over half a million Americans were fighting in the Vietnam War.

· As the fighting escalated, the U.S. relied on the draft for raising troops.

slide7

The Uncertain Enemy

· Jungle warfare was difficult, and it was hard to locate the enemy.

· In addition, it was very difficult to identify which South Vietnamese were our allies and which were supporting the Vietcong.

Ex Vietcong showing secret tunnels, November 7, 2004

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"Napalm is the most terrible pain you can imagine," said Kim Phuc. “Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. Napalm generates temperatures of 800 to 1,200 degrees Celsius.“ Phuc sustained third-degree burns to half her body and was not expected to live. Phuc saved her life by ripping off her burning clothes.

slide9

Agent Orange was the nickname given to a herbicide and defoliant used by the U.S. military in its Herbicidal Warfare program during the Vietnam War.

slide10

A guerrilla in the Mekong Delta paddles through a mangrove forest defoliated by Agent Orange (1970).

slide11

Effects of Agent Orange

Images taken from Agent Orange: "Collateral Damage" in Vietnam by Philip Jones Griffiths

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The Tet Offensive: A Turning Point

· In January of 1968, the Vietcong launched surprise attacks on cities throughout South Vietnam.

· The American embassy was attacked as well in the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon.

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· The attacks were known as the Tet Offensive because they occurred during Tet, the Vietnamese News Year’s holiday.

· The Tet Offensive proved to the world that no part of South Vietnam was safe, even with the presence of half a million American troops.

The Tet Offensive: An Audio Description by NPR

slide15

Protests at Home

· Thousands of Americans protested against the war, especially on college campuses.

Video: Country Joe and the Fish, Woodstock Music Festival (1969) 3:18

Anti-Vietnam War protests, Ohio State University

slide16

· On May 4, 1970, the Ohio National Guard killed 4 anti-war protesters at Kent State University.

This Pulitzer Prize winning photo shows Mary Ann Vecchio screaming as she kneels over the body of student Jeffrey Miller at Kent State University. National Guardsmen had fired into a crowd of demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine.

protest through music
Protest Through Music
  • Song Clips
  • Give Peace a Chance
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Tin soldiers and Nixon coming,We're finally on our own.This summer I hear the drumming,Four dead in Ohio.Gotta get down to itSoldiers are gunning us downShould have been done long ago.What if you knew herAnd found her dead on the groundHow can you run when you know?Gotta get down to itSoldiers are gunning us downShould have been done long ago.What if you knew herAnd found her dead on the groundHow can you run when you know?

slide20

Peace Without Victory

· In January 1973, the U.S. reached a cease-fire agreement with North Vietnam and brought their troops home.

· However, the U.S. continued to send billions of dollars in support of the South Vietnamese.

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· In April of 1975, the communists captured the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon, renamed it Ho Chi Minh City, and reunited Vietnam under one communist flag.

Video: People rush to leave Saigon as the city falls to the Vietcong. April 30, 1975 (9 min.)