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Introduction to Shakespeare. English I Mrs. Graham Mar. 12, 2012. William Shakespeare. Greatest writer in the English language Nickname: “The Bard” From Stratford-on-Avon, England Born April 23( ish ), 1564 Died April 23 , 1616. His Work. Actor, poet, playwright Wrote 154 sonnets

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introduction to shakespeare

Introduction to Shakespeare

English I

Mrs. Graham

Mar. 12, 2012

william shakespeare
William Shakespeare
  • Greatest writer in the English language
  • Nickname: “The Bard”
  • From Stratford-on-Avon, England
  • Born April 23(ish), 1564
  • Died April 23, 1616
his work
His Work
  • Actor, poet, playwright
  • Wrote 154 sonnets
  • Wrote 37 plays
sonnets
Sonnets
  • Form of poetry
  • 14 lines
    • 3 quatrains (stanzas of 4 lines each)
    • Ends with a couplet (pair of rhyming lines that emphasizes the theme)
  • ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
  • Iambic pentameter
    • Pattern of unstressed, stressed
    • 5 stressed syllables per line
types of plays
Types of Plays
  • Shakespeare wrote:
    • Comedies - happy endings
    • Tragedies – disastrous endings
    • Histories – involve events or persons from history
lesser known facts
Lesser-known Facts
  • Teen father: married pregnant 26 year-old Anne Hathaway when he was 18
  • Deadbeat dad: Left wife and children for London at age 22
  • Father of twins (Judith and Hamnet), and Susanna
london
London
  • Crowded
  • Open sewers
  • Bubonic Plague
  • Bathing considered dangerous
  • Queen Elizabeth I (Renaissance Era)
clothes
Clothes
  • One set used all year long, rarely washed
  • Underclothing slept in, infrequently changed
  • Clothes handed down from rich to poor
the globe theatre
The Globe Theatre
  • Across the Thames River
  • Open ceiling
  • No artificial lighting
  • Three levels
actors
Actors
  • Only men and boys
  • Young boys whose voices had not changed played the women’s roles
  • No kissing/hugging on stage
  • Women on stage would have been considered worse than prostitution
spectators
Spectators
  • Upper class—pay extra for cushions
    • Liked the POETRY
  • Middle class—sit on benches
    • Liked the PLOT
  • Lower class (called “groundlings” or “penny stinkards”) had to stand
    • Like the dirty JOKES
  • Lots of audience involvement
romeo and juliet
Romeo and Juliet
  • Written around 1595
  • Tragedy
  • Set in Verona, Italy
  • Theme: Going to Extremes
    • Act I—Words vs. Actions
    • Act II—Love vs. Lust
    • Act III—Love vs. Hate
    • Act IV—Old vs. Young
    • Act V—Fate vs. Freewill
the montagues
The Montagues

Lord Montague – father of Romeo

Lady Montague – mother of Romeo

Romeo Montague – in love with Juliet

Benvolio – cousin of Romeo

Balthasar – servant to Romeo

Abram – servant to Montague

the capulets
The Capulets

Lord Capulet – father of Juliet

Lady Capulet – mother of Juliet

Juliet Capulet – in love with Romeo

Tybalt – cousin of Juliet

Nurse – takes care of Juliet

Peter – servant to Juliet’s Nurse

the royal family
The Royal Family

Prince Escalus – ruler of Verona

Mercutio – kinsman of the Prince and best friend of Romeo

Count Paris – a young nobleman who wants to marry Juliet ; kinsman of the Prince

the priests
The Priests

Friar Laurence – a Franciscan priest and Romeo’s adult confidant

Friar John – another Franciscan priest who is supposed to deliver a letter to Romeo

things to think about
Things to think about…
  • What would you do if your parents did not approve of someone you were dating?
  • How important is the opinion of your family in decisions that you make?
  • Does violence solve problems?
learning targets
Learning Targets
  • I can cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (RL.9-10.1)
  • I can analyze the development of a theme over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped by specific details. (RL.9-10.2)
  • I can analyze how complex characters advance the plot and develop the theme. (RL.9-10.3)
thinking strategies
Thinking Strategies
  • Inferring—using facts plus schema to make an educated guess (or “reading between the lines”)
  • Synthesizing—integrating your background knowledge with new information to form a new perspective, conclusion, or product
sources
SOURCES
  • Mr. Graham
  • http://exchange.guhsd.net/public.php?searchcatalog=shakespeare&searchcontent=&searchsubject=
    • Introduction to Shakespeare
    • Shakespeare Powerpoint
    • Shakespeare’s Life and Time