Introduction to Shakespeare Greetings from me, The Bard, England’s greatest poet and storyteller. You thought I was just the greatest writer? I am also the rudest man in England!
LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of this lesson: • All of us will use Shakespeare’s language to create devastating insults • Most of us will feel more comfortable with Shakespeare's language. • Some of us will
By my trowth, thou dost make the millstone seem as a feather what widst thy lard-bloated footfall
Thy vile canker-blossom'd countenance curdles milk and sours beer. Thy vile canker-blossom'd countenance curdles milk and sours beer. Thy vile canker-blossom'd countenance curdles milk and sours beer. Thy vile canker-blossom'd countenance curdles milk and sours beer. Thy vile canker-blossom'd countenance curdles milk and sours beer. Thy vile canker-blossom'd countenance curdles milk and sours beer. Thy vile canker-blossom'd countenance curdles milk and sours beer. Thy vile canker-blossom’d countenance curdles milk and sours beer.
TASK Use the Shakespeare Insult Kit Combine one word or phrase from each columns and add “Thou” to the beginning. “Thou ruttish, doghearted foot licker”
Romeo and Juliet (Act 1, scene 1) ABRAHAM : Do you bite your thumb at us, sir? SAMPSON: I do bite my thumb, sir. ABRAHAM: Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?
LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of today’s lesson I will have • Learnt about William Shakespeare. • Learn 18 Elizabethan phrases and vocabulary words. Thou sluggabed!
STARTER: Tudor Talk Miss Swann: Good day unto thee childer You lot: Good day unto thee Madam
What is Miss Swann saying? Bridle thy tongues and keep thy peace!
What is Miss Swann saying? Wouldst thou go to the privy?/ Wouldst thou go pluck a rose?
What is Miss Swann saying? Tis a pretty piece of work
TASK 2 Look carefully at the two lists and try to match up the words with their correct meanings. Some are easy, some have clues and some are just odd!
What do they mean? Blunt-witted= stupid Snipe= fool
LEARNING OBJECTIVE . By the end of today’s lesson I will have: • Learnt at least three interesting facts about William Shakespeare; • Understood more about the era in which he lived.
STARTER There were no dictionaries until 1604! This means that language used in that era was very fluid and could be moulded and shaped. Shakespeare experimentedwith words, phrases and imagery. He made up words and adopted new ones. Shakespeare had a huge fascination with dramatic language. He truly believed in the power of words to focus and light up the imagination and move the audience’s emotions.
TASK Research the life of William Shakespeare. Add details to the mind map or create your own.
William Shakespeare Most quoted, other than the Bible Teen father: married pregnant 26 year old Anne Hathaway when he was 18 Deadbeat dad: Left wife and children for London stage career Father of twins Elizabethan rapper: uses rhythm and rhyme
STARTER: The Four Humours As we go through the quiz, make a note of the answers which best describe you as a person (a), (b), (c) or (d). At the end, you will need to add up how many times you choose each letter.
Question 1 You get up late and someone is hogging the bathroom. Do you: a) Throw a strop and start yelling and slamming doors. b) Have a laugh. You wouldn’t let a little thing like this bother you. c) Don’t know. You’re still in bed. You always sleep in. d) Sigh dramatically. You always gets the worst deal in life.
You walk in late to Miss Swann’s class. Do you: a) Slam the door with a stroppy look. It’s not your fault. It’s the bus/ the weather/ Miss Swann’s fault. b) Laugh along with Miss Swann’s amusing jokes. c) Sit at your desk yawning. It’s too early. You should still be in bed. d) Sigh. It’s just another example of how hard your life is now you have to put up with this lesson.
At break time are you: a) Having an argument with someone who tried pushing in front of you in the queue. b) Having a laugh with your mates. You are very funny and amusing. c) Yawning in a corner somewhere. You were up late last night and mornings don’t suit you. d) Spending it crying. You have fallen out with your best mate and are upset.
Which animal best sums up your personality? a) Tiger b) Hyena c) Slug d) Lovebird
SCORING TIME Now add up how many (a), (b), (c) and (d) scores you have. Which do you have the most of?
The Results! a- You have a fiery character. You have an imbalance of choler (yellow bile) and are temperemental. You are of the fire element. b- You are a jolly character. You have a blood imbalance. You are of the air element. c- You are a sluggish and slow person. You have an imbalance of phlegm. You are of the water element. d- You are a melancholic, sad and lovesick person. You have an imbalance of melancholy (black bile). You are of the earth element.
The Humours in Shakespearean Society People believed that the humours were natural bodily fluids that corresponded to the four elements (air, earth, fire and water) and had various qualities (cold, dry, wet and moist). They also believed that if your humours were in balance you would be healthy,. If not you would be ill. Doctors would bleed their patients to restore the balance. When a piece of drama involved characters with extreme emotions or an imbalance of the humours- it was considered a humourouspiece.
Shakespeare's Life Tudor Queen Elizabeth I Decimal calculations Spanish Armada Sun is centre of Universe not Earth Gunpowder Plot First world map printed Scientists burned for heresy Church of England is formed Introduction of the potato
London 1600 Open gutters, raw sewage, and rotting garbage was the case in most major cities of the time. Conditions caused the outbreak of the Bubonic plague (black death) Bubonic was ramant from 1563 to 1603. 1592 the plague hit London hard and the theatres were closed down. During this time is when Shakespeare wrote most of his poetry.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES To gain a greater sense: • of Shakespeare's times, • what his theatre was like, • how the plays were performed and how the playhouse influenced how the plays were written.
Shakespeare’s Globe- an introduction Watch the Alan Davies clip who explains what life was like for the audience watching Shakespeare's plays at the Globe in Elizabethan times. Keywords: audience, intention, public, London, tragedy, comedy, romance, actor http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/shakespeares-globe-an-introduction/8383.html
Global empire In the second half of his career, Shakespeare also became something of an impresario or theatrical manager. In 1599 his troop (the Lord Chamberlain’s Men) built their own theatre, the Globe. In 1613 the theatre burned to the ground when the wadding for the cannon used to create special sound effects caught fire. It was, however, rebuilt the following year. There were already lots of theatres in London, but the Globe (in which Shakespeare himself had shares) prospered nevertheless. What else can you find out about the Globe?
Balcony Housed the musicians; parts of the play might also be staged here Galleries Wealthier theatre-goers sat here Only partly roofed Actors and groundlings got wet in the rain Tiring house Where the costumes were kept Stage Most of the action took place here Yard The groundlings stood here to watch the play Hell Home of fiends and villains, accessed by a trapdoor Circular layout Audience surrounded the stage
Take a virtual tour of: the Globe What was it like for the audience watching Shakespeare's plays? Watch the extract at the end of Shakespeare in Love
PLENARY Using the keywords write a statement about what you have learnt this lesson: audience, intention, public, London, tragedy, comedy, romance, actor
STARTER In Shakespeare’s time the theatre was just as popular as the cinema is today. And just like cinema-goers today, Shakespeare’s audiences expected to be treated to a wealth of special effects. • Fiends and villains would vanish under the stage to ‘Hell’ in a puff of smoke. • The tiring house roof was known as ‘the Heavens’. Gods could descend on ropes and pulleys, and fairies could fly above the stage on wires and harnesses. • Pigs’ bladders filled with animal blood would be burst at strategic moments during fights and death scenes. • Costumes and props were often expensive and elaborate.
The Theatre Theatres were a considerable source of concern for the authorities due to the fact that those who attended the theatre were not of favorable stature. Called the groundlings - stood in the dirt of the main floor. They were immoral, a source of contagion, and used profanity. Were also seen as extremely antagonistic. (Which the actors encouraged.)