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The Effective Reader (Updated Edition) by D. J. Henry. Chapter 5: Outlines and Concept Maps PowerPoint Presentation by Gretchen Starks-Martin St. Cloud State University, MN. Outlines.

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The effective reader updated edition by d j henry l.jpg

The Effective Reader(Updated Edition)by D. J. Henry

Chapter 5:

Outlines and Concept Maps

PowerPoint Presentation

by Gretchen Starks-Martin

St. Cloud State University, MN


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Outlines

  • An outline shows the relationships among the main idea, major supporting details, and minor supporting details.

  • A formal outline uses Roman numerals to indicate the main idea, capital letters to indicate the major details, and Arabic numbers to indicate minor details.

  • An informal outline is at the student’s personal discretion.


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Formal Outline

  • Differences between Porpoises and Dolphins

    • Shape

      1. Porpoises: small and plump with blunt nose.

      2. Dolphins: long bodies and beak nose.

    • Size

      1. Porpoise 6 feet and 300 pounds

      2. Dolphins 4-26 feet and 70- 1,500 pounds


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Concept Maps

  • A concept map is a diagram that shows the flow of ideas from the main idea to the supporting details.

  • The main idea is placed in a box or circle as a heading and then major supporting details are in boxes or circles beneath the main idea.

  • Arrows or lines are used to show the flow of ideas.



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The Table of Contents

  • The table of contents is a special kind of outline based on topics and subtopics.

  • It lists the contents of each chapter.

  • An effective reader examines the table of contents to understand how the author has organized the information.


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Chapter Review

  • Supporting details explain, develop, and support a main idea.

  • To locate supporting details, an effective reader turns the main idea into a question.

  • A major detail directly explains, develops, illustrates, or supports the main idea.

  • A minor detail explains, develops, or supports the major detail.

  • In a passage, ideas usually flow from general to specific ideas.


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Chapter Review

  • An outline shows the relationships among the main idea, major supporting details, and minor supporting details.

  • An author often uses signal words such as a few causes, a number of reasons, severalsteps, or several kinds of to introduce a main idea.

  • An author often uses signal words such as first, second, furthermore, moreover, next, or finally to indicate that a supporting detail is coming.


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Chapter Review

  • A formal outline uses Roman numerals to indicate the main idea, capital letters to indicate the major details, and Arabic numbers to indicate the minor details.

  • A concept map is a diagram that shows the flow of ideas from the main point to the supporting details.


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PracticeComplete the Applications, Review Tests, and Mastery Tests for Chapter 5 in your book.* Remember to complete your scorecard for the Review Tests in this chapter.


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