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By: Kryn Palmquist. LGBT Lesbian, Gay, Bi, and Transgender. What are some stereotypes of LGBT people? Why are they stereotypes?. Stereotypes . Bisexual “Coming Out” Gay Heterosexism Heterosexual Homophobia Homosexual. Common Language . “In the Closet” Lesbian LGBT Queer

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common language


“Coming Out”






Common Language
common language1

“In the Closet”

  • Lesbian
  • LGBT
  • Queer
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Transgender
  • Transsexual
    • The following are defined by the Ally Training Manual of St. Bonaventure
Common Language

A person whose primary sexual orientation is towards members of both genders. This orientation can be varying degrees between genders.


Stigma associated with Bisexuals?

coming out

A term used to describe the experience in which a person identifies himself or herself as gay, lesbian, or bisexual. Each person’s experience in coming out is unique and the process almost always stimulates ANXIETY as well as provides challenging possibilities for personal empowerment and emotional growth. Coming out is not a one-time event, but a lifelong process.

“Coming Out”

Usually refers to a male whose primary sexual orientation is towards men. But can also refer to a female whose primary sexual orientation is toward women or the LGBT community as a whole.


The prejudice that heterosexuality is the only “normal” or “correct” sexual orientation, coupled with social power to enforce that prejudice on individual, institutional and cultural levels.


The irrational fear or hatred of homosexuality or bisexuality, and also the fear or hatred of anything or anyone deviating from traditional gender roles. Homophobia can be directed externally or internally and functions to perpetuate systems of heterosexism.


They claim to have done over 43,443 peaceful demonstrations (to date) opposing the fag lifestyle of soul-damning, nation-destroying filth.

Shirt says, “God Hates” This is the homepage for Westboro Baptist church.

in the closet

Hiding or being secretive about one’s sexual orientation. This choice is often made by LGBT individuals out of fear of rejection or abuse, because of widespread heterosexism in our society, and/or because of internalized homophobia. Being “in the closet” can have extensive emotional psychological and spiritual costs.

“In the Closet”

A female whose sexual orientation is toward another female.

Which person is more accepted by our society? A lesbian or a gay man?


A frequently used acronym that stands for: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender. Additional letters may expand this acronym which include but are not limited to: T-Transsexual, I- Intersexed, Q-Queer, Q-Questioning, and A-Ally


A word used specifically by some of the LGBT individuals to identify themselves as a community in a positive fashion. Some find this word offensive because it has been-and still is used with pejorative connotation.

sexual orientation

An enduring emotional romantic, sexual and affectionate attraction to individuals of a particular gender

Sexual Orientation

A broad term that applies to people who live all or substantial portions of their lives expressing an innate sense of gender other than their birth sex. This includes transsexuals, cross-dressers and people who simply feel their biological sex fails to reflect their true gender. It is NOT a sexual orientation.


A person whose innate sense of gender conflicts with their anatomical sex. Some, but not all people who are transsexual take medical and legal steps to officially change their biological sex. Medical treatment ex: hormone therapy or surgeries. Legal ex: changing the name and the sex on their birth certificate, driver’s license, and/or other identity documents

major stressors

What are some major stressors someone that is LGBT may be experiencing?

How would you show that you are non-judgmental of LGBT people?

If you are, how would you put your prejudices aside to help your client?

Major Stressors
political issues

What are some main political issues for the LGBT population?

How can you advocate and educate yourself on legal issues in your state?

Political issues
gay marriage and the united states
Gay Marriage and the United States…

Orange with white stripes= Recognizes out of jurisdiction marriages/civil unions

Orange= Gay marriage is 100% legal

Gold= Statewide law providing the equivalent of state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples within the state

Yellow=Statewide law providing some statewide spousal rights to same-sex couples within the state

united states prohibiting gay marriage
United States Prohibiting Gay Marriage

Dark Grey= States with constitutional amendments restricting marriage to one man and one woman. 29 states

Light Grey=States with law restricting marriage to one man and one woman. (12 states)

employment laws for lgbt
Employment Laws for LGBT

Dark Green= States that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Light Green= States that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation.

lgbt parenting laws
LGBT Parenting Laws

Dark Blue= Where second-parent adoption is an option for same-sex couples statewide.

Light Blue= States where same-sex couples have successfully petitioned for second-parent adoption in some jurisdictions

hate crime laws
Hate Crime Laws

Orange= States that have a law that addresses hate or bias crimes based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Yellow= States that have a law that addresses hate or bias crimes based on sexual orientation.

human rights campaign hrc

These maps are from the Human Rights Campaign Website:

  • What is the Human Rights Campaign?
    • The Human Rights Campaign is America's largest civil rights organization working to achieve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) equality. By inspiring and engaging all Americans, HRC strives to end discrimination against LGBT citizens and realize a nation that achieves fundamental fairness and equality for all.
Human rights campaign-HRC
psychoanalytic aspects of politics

Same-sex marriage is a legal, political and economic issue- but also:

    • The ban on same-sex marriage has serious mental health ramifications for LGBT people and their children
    • Psychoanalysis is the science of irrationality, and the arguments about same-sex marriage are filled with irrationality
    • (Blechner, 2008)
Psychoanalytic aspects of politics
the mental health of gay and lesbian adults

Values-marriage and family. Disruption of this fantasy

  • Message sent by society to Gays and Lesbians, “What society holds as a primary goal in life and source of satisfaction is unavailable to you. You are unfit for it.”
  • This causes a host of psychological problems
    • (Blechner, 2008)
The mental health of gay and lesbian adults
psychological problems

May lead LGBT youth to distrust the possibility of having a full relationship

  • Allows “conversion therapists” to lead LGBT people believe they will lead a happier life if they convert to heterosexuality
  • Sexuality cannot be changed- if attempted to do so, serious psychological damage will be done
    • (Blechner, 2008)
Psychological problems
the mental health of adults

LGBT people come to find they can have meaningful lasting relationships-but same-sex marriage is still banned in the majority of the states-this robs them of security and support

  • Lack of marriage creates problems because certain rights are not available-
    • Hospital visits
    • Custody of children
    • Taxes-many issues
    • (Blechner, 2008)
The mental health of adults:
the mental health of children

Perhaps the most vulnerable victims of the ban on same-sex marriage. Why?

  • Several studies have now shown that the quality of gay and lesbian parenting is equivalent to that of heterosexual parents (Stacey and Biblarz, 2001).
    • Children of gay and lesbian parents are essentially punished by our society, deprived of many legal, social, and financial benefits available to heterosexual parents
The mental health of children:
what if

What if it turns out that same-sex couples are not only to be just as good parents as heterosexuals, but better parents?

  • What are some reasons this could occur?
    • Many children of heterosexuals are unplanned and unwanted-failure or carelessness use of birth control
    • Unwanted children tend not to do well in development (Ferenczi, 1929).
What if?
the struggle of same sex couples becoming a parent

The occurrence of unwanted children is likely to be lower in same-sex couples-impossible to have a “mistake” or unwanted child because of the legal loop holes and biology of becoming parents

    • (Blechner, 2008)
The struggle of same-sex couples becoming a parent
hot topic religion

What does your religion say about homosexuality?

Do places of worship across your religion all agree on their views of homosexuality?

Hot topic: Religion
religion views on homosexuality

Religion is paradoxical. It makes prejudice and it unmakes prejudice

Some people say the only cure for prejudice is more religion; some say the only cure is to abolish religion

Studies on racial prejudice have shown that people who claim to be more religious also reported greater levels of prejudice.

(Ford, 2009)

Religion-views on homosexuality
complexity of religion and homosexuality

Not all religious people are prejudice against homosexuals

  • 2 ways to practice religion:
    • Extrinsic=use their religion
    • Intrinsic=live their religion-these people are predicted to be more prejudice against homosexuals
    • (Ford, 2001).
Complexity of religion and homosexuality
religions broken down

Protestants- formally developed anti-homosexual policies

Presbyterian- 1996 adopted a rule to prevent the ordination of gay or lesbian ministers

Southern Baptist Convention- opposes legalization of homosexual unions, including civil unions

Other Christian denominations have opposed homosexuality because they define it as a moral issue rather than a political issue

(Ford, 2001)

Religions broken down
what do you think

Is religion changing? Are people as individuals becoming more accepting of the LGBT community?

What are some stressors a client may face due to religion?

Can someone change their religion after coming out?

What do you think?
movie clip

Growing up Gay-Brian McNaught 1993

Guided imagery to gain a better understanding why it is hard to grow up gay in a dominant heterosexual society

Movie clip
discussion about the movie

What were some thoughts you experienced during the movie?

General thoughts?

Any psychological or physiological feelings that were provoked by the movie?

What have you learned new from this guided imagery?

Discussion about the movie

Is there anything about this population that you’ve always wanted to ask, but never had the opportunity?


Ally Training Handbook, St. Bonaventure University

Blechner, M. (2008). The political is psychoanalytic on same-sex marriage. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 146-154.

Ferenczi, S. (1929). The unwelcome child and his death instinct. Final Contributions to the Problems and Methods of Psychoanalysis, 102-107.

Ford, T. (2009). The unmaking of prejudice: How Christian beliefs relate to attitudes toward homosexuals. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 146-160.

Human Rights Campaign.

Stacey, J. & Biblarz, T. (2001). How does the sexual orientation of parents matter? American Sociological Review, 159-183.