slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Formal Commands PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Formal Commands

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10

Formal Commands - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 151 Views
  • Uploaded on

Formal Commands. (Los mandatos formales). Formal Commands.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Formal Commands


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Formal Commands

(Los mandatos formales)

slide2

Formal Commands

We use commands to give instructions or to ask people to do things. In Spanish, commands have different forms to distinguish between formal (usted/ustedes) and informal (tú/vosotros) address. Formal commands use subjunctive forms, with the implied meaning that the speaker is trying to influence the listener to do something.

slide3

Formal Commands

We might make a simple statement to communicate a fact. Juan speaks French well, so we tell him so.

Juan, Ud. habla bien el francés.

It’s very nice that Juan speaks French, but we are in Madrid! So we tell him . . .

Por favor, Juan, hable Ud. español.

Commands are used (both politely and otherwise) to persuade others to do our bidding. We are trying to get Juan to do something that we want him to do.

slide4

Formal Commands

As mentioned, formal commands are based on subjunctive forms. Notice the following chart:

Infinitive

Subjunctive

Formal commands

Ud.

Uds.

hablar

hable

hable

hablen

pensar

piense

piense

piensen

comer

coma

coma

coman

saber

sepa

sepa

sepan

escribir

escriba

escriba

escriban

ir

vaya

vaya

vayan

pedir

pida

pida

pidan

slide5

Formal Commands

Of course, the same six (DISHES) verbs are irregular with command forms as they are in the subjunctive.

dé, den

Dar 

Ir 

Ser 

Haber 

Estar 

Saber 

vaya, vayan

sea, sean

haya, hayan

esté, estén

sepa, sepan

slide6

Formal Commands

Following are examples of formal commands:

Hable con su agente de viajes.

Speak to your travel agent.

Despida a ese empleado, Sr. Ruiz.

Fire that employee, Mr. Ruiz.

Salgan pronto de la oficina.

Leave the office soon.

Piensen antes de hablar.

Think before speaking.

slide7

Formal Commands

Negative commands are formed by placing no in front of the command form.

No llegue tarde.

Don’t arrive late.

No dén propinas a todos los empleados.

Don’t give tips to all of the employees.

slide8

Formal Commands

Subject pronouns may be used with commands for emphasis or clarification. As a rule, they are placed after the verb.

Piense usted.

You think.

No se preocupen

Don’t you worry.

slide9

Formal Commands

Object pronouns follow and are attached toaffirmative commands and precedenegative commands.

Affirmative commands with pronouns attached require a written accent.

¡Váyase de aquí!

Leave here!

Tráiganmelo, por favor.

Bring it to me, please.

No se levante, señorita.

Don’t get up, miss.

No se lo muestre al jefe.

Don’t show it to the boss.