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Against Reason & Education
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  1. Against Reason & Education

  2. Interdependence • Living closely • Cooperation • Obligation to Society • Manners & Decorum

  3. William Hogarth (1697-1764)

  4. Engraving Detail

  5. Hogarth’s Prints • Inspiration: popular plays and novels • Themes: moral ambiguity, potential for evil, love of public spectacle • Familiar places for setting

  6. Artistic Style

  7. Marriage a la Mode • Plot - Earl of Squanderfield marries off son to alderman • “Written on the walls” • Moral narrative

  8. The Contract – Plate 1

  9. Breakfast Scene – Plate 2

  10. Breakfast Scene - color

  11. Scene with a Quack – Plate 3

  12. The Toilette- Plate 4

  13. The Death of the Earl – Plate 5

  14. Death of the Countess – Plate 6

  15. Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) • “God makes all things good, man meddles with them and they become evil” • Social Contract, 1762 • Humans should be forced to be free

  16. Progression of Civilization • Fierce society – looking only for a mate creates bonding • Slowly group together for protection • Civilization • Led to love of society and that society’s esteem • Once man was introduced to other men, that leads to problems

  17. Educational Beliefs • Emile • 5 Stages • Infancy • The Age of Nature (2-5) • Pre-Adolescence (12-15) • Puberty (15-20) • Adulthood (20-25)

  18. Key Thoughts • Children are different from adults. • “The man should be strong and active; the woman should be weak and passive” • “Hands-on experience is essential”

  19. David Hume (1711-1776) • Statements of perception • Statements of logical relationships • Everything else is belief not knowledge

  20. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) • All knowledge begins with experience • Limit of reason regarding morality • Keystone for human conduct