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Holiday Safety

Holiday Safety

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Holiday Safety

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  1. Holiday Safety Bureau of Workers’ Compensation PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS) PPT-139-01 1

  2. Holiday Driving Safety • Plan your trip • Get a good nights sleep • Make sure your vehicle is ready for the trip • Use safety belts PPT-139-01 2

  3. Holiday Driving Safety  Stay alert for heavy traffic and snow  Maintain a safe distance between vehicles  Put away the cellphone  Don’t drink and drive PPT-139-01 3

  4. Holiday Driving Safety Emergency Kit  First-aid supplies  Blankets  Flashlight with spare batteries  Flares  A shovel  Quick energy foods, nutrition bars, or dried fruits, nuts and water  Sand, salt or cat litter for traction PPT-139-01 4

  5. Safe Use of Ladders  Make sure the ladder is strong enough and long enough for the job.  Carefully inspect the ladder before you use it.  Place the ladder on a firm level surface with it’s feet parallel to the wall it is resting against.  When ascending or descending, face the ladder and maintain three points of contact.  Lift materials or tools with a rope specifically for that purpose (don’t carry material or tools up the ladder with one hand)  Carry smaller tools in pouches around the waste. PPT-139-01 5

  6. Stepladder Safety  Always use a ladder when hanging decorations.  Do not overreach.  Open the stepladder spreaders and shelf fully.  Stepladders should be about 3 feet shorter than the highest point you have to reach.  Do not stand, climb, or sit on the stepladder top or pail shelf. PPT-139-01 6

  7. Christmas Tree Lights  Replace burnt out bulbs.  Only use tested and approved lighting.  Ensure lighting is environment friendly.  Choose locations carefully.  Hang the lighting with care. PPT-139-01 7

  8. Extension Cord Safety  Proper extension cord selection.  Replace damaged extension cords.  Correct placement of extension cords.  Make sure cords are not pinched. PPT-139-01 8

  9. Electrical Safety  Avoid overloading electrical outlets.  Use lights approved for safe use by a nationally recognized testing laboratory.  Turn lights off when unattended. PPT-139-01 9

  10. Indoor Decorations  Never connect more than three strands of incandescent lights together.  Carefully inspect each electrical decoration.  Make sure that cords are not pinched in doors, windows, or under heavy furniture.  Do not mount or support light strings in a way that might damage the cord’s insulation.  Unplug electrical decorations before replacing bulbs or fuses. PPT-139-01 10

  11. Outdoor Decorations  Make sure all extension cords and electrical decorations used for outdoor decorating are marked for outdoor use.  Match power needs (amperage) of electrical products with amperage rating of extension cords.  Outdoor electric lights and decorations should be plugged in circuits protected by ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI’s).  Fasten outdoor lights securely to trees, the house, or other firm supports. PPT-139-01 11

  12. Christmas Trees  Selecting the right tree.  Keep trees fresh and green.  Place the tree in a stable base.  Water a live tree regularly.  Safe tree placement.  Allow for access. PPT-139-01 12

  13. Candle Safety  Avoid using candles.  Use sturdy candle holders.  Trim candle wicks.  Place candles with care.  Be attentive to burning candles. PPT-139-01 13

  14. Fireplace Safety  Don’t use your fireplace to burn wrapping materials which can create toxic fumes or even a flash fire.  Don’t wear loose clothing when tending fires.  Keep flammable decorations away from the fireplace.  Make sure the fire is out before leaving the house or going to bed.  Dispose of ashes in a metal container; never in or near the house.  Check/install smoke and carbon monoxide detectors. PPT-139-01 14

  15. Kitchen Knife Safety  Use good, sturdy knives that are well balanced and do not easily bend.  Use a cutting board – do not use kitchen counters, metal, glass, or steel surfaces when chopping, slicing, or mincing.  Place a damp cloth under the cutting board to prevent it from slipping.  Protect your fingers by curling them under and positioning them on top of the item to be cut.  Never cut toward yourself. PPT-139-01 15

  16. Preventing Kitchen Burns  When cooking wear clothing with tight fitting sleeves or roll your sleeves up.  When using a microwave, use only containers designed for safe use.  Before carefully removing covers on food cooked in a microwave, ensure the food has cooled down.  Keep things that burn such as dishtowels, paper, etc. at least 3 feet from the range top. PPT-139-01 16

  17. Preventing Kitchen Burns  Keep plenty of dry pot holders and oven mitts near your cooking area.  Don’t leave spoons or other utensils in pots while cooking.  Don’t leave pots on stove unattended while cooking.  Turn off burners and ovens when they are not in use. PPT-139-01 17

  18. Preventing Kitchen Burns  Keep grease from building up on range tops, hoods, and appliances.  Keep hot pans, beverages, and trays away from the edge of a counter.  Use pot holders or oven mitts when moving/carrying hot pans, trays, etc.  Use caution when moving about within the kitchen due to hot grills, range tops, ovens. PPT-139-01 18

  19. Kitchen Fires  Most kitchen fires start due to the heating of fat or oil.  To extinguish a fat/oil fire cover it with a damp cloth, or use a fire extinguisher.  Make sure you turn off the gas or power.  NEVER USE WATER on a fat/oil/grease fire!  Do NOT attempt to carry or move a pan that’s on fire.  Keep the appropriate lid close by while cooking so you can cover a pan that’s on fire. PPT-139-01 19

  20. Food Preparation Safety  Do not rinse raw meat and poultry before cooking.  Use a food thermometer to make sure meat is cooked to a safe temperature.  Bring sauces, soups and gravies to a rolling boil when reheating.  Wash your hands frequently when handling food. PPT-139-01 20

  21. Frying a Turkey Safely  Select the right size turkey for fryer.  Dry the turkey.  Use quality oil.  Never deep-fry turkey indoors.  Ensure the turkey is thoroughly defrosted before placing in the fryer. PPT-139-01 21

  22. Safe Food Storage  Refrigerate food within two hours.  Leftovers are safe for four days in the refrigerator.  When storing turkey, be sure to cut the leftovers in small pieces so it will chill quicker. PPT-139-01 22

  23. Holiday Stress Management  Keep account of your spending.  Balance your daily schedule.  Get help from family and friends.  Keep a relaxed outlook.  Get enough sleep. PPT-139-01 23

  24. Healthy Holiday Eating  Choose more vegetables and fruit.  Limit fats, salt, and sugary foods.  Select just one or two of your favorites.  Find fun ways to stay active.  Limit your alcohol and caffeine consumption. PPT-139-01 24

  25. Holiday Safety for Children  Avoid glass ornaments on the tree.  Decorate packages sparingly.  Keep young children away from holiday lights and extension cords.  Examine all holiday gifts. PPT-139-01 25

  26. Holiday dangers to Pets  Holiday tinsel and ornaments  Holiday lighting and candles  Gift wrap ribbon  Food hazards  Toxic holiday plants PPT-139-01 26

  27. Snowblower Safety  Before or during snowblower operation do not consume any alcoholic beverages or drugs that may interfere with the safe operation.  To avoid back injury, get help if you must lift the blower to and from its storage place.  Inspect the area in which you are going to clear snow.  Remove debris and other obstacles the snowblower might strike or throw, as they may cause injury or damage to the snowblower. PPT-139-01 27

  28. Snowblower Safety  Keep people away from the area of operation to avoid injury from flying debris and contact with the snowblower.  Know how to stop the snowblower quickly and understand the operations of all controls.  If the snow discharge chute becomes clogged, stop the engine and use a wooden stick to unclog it.  Never permit anyone to operate the snowblower without proper instruction.  While operating the snowblower, hold the handle firmly and walk, don’t run. PPT-139-01 28

  29. Snow Shoveling Safety  Check with your doctor  Dress appropriately  Use footwear with traction to prevent falls  Do not shovel after eating or while smoking  Stretch before you begin and take it slow  Shovel only fresh, powdery snow; it’s lighter PPT-139-01 29

  30. Snow Shoveling Safety  See what you are shoveling  Push the snow rather than lifting it  If you do lift it, use a small shovel or only partially fill the shovel  Lift with your legs, not your back  Do not work to the point exhaustion  Use footwear with traction to prevent falls PPT-139-01 30

  31. Holiday Parties  Keep your distance  Wash your hands  Beware of the buffet table  Stay home if you are sick PPT-139-01 31

  32. Holiday Parties and Alcohol  Don’t drink alcohol in excess.  Never drink alcohol on a empty stomach.  Don’t mix alcohol and prescription drugs.  Provide transportation for guest who drink. NEVER DRINK ALCOHOL AND DRIVE! PPT-139-01 32

  33. Holiday Shopping Safety  Be aware of your surroundings.  Keep an eye on your wallet.  Carry your purse close to your body or under your coat.  Avoid carrying large packages that block your vision and make you a target for pick pockets/purse snatchers. PPT-139-01 33

  34. Holiday Shopping Safety  Shop during daylight hours when possible.  Keep anything of value in the trunk or covered.  Always park in well lit, frequented areas.  Have your keys in your hand before you go to your car. PPT-139-01 34

  35. Holiday Financial Security  Whenever possible, swipe your own credit card.  Keep your credit card insight.  Always cover keypad when entering your PIN.  Carry only one form of payment and identification. PPT-139-01 35

  36. Online Shopping Protection 1. Avoid untrusted websites 2. Recognize important signals for proper website security 3. Monitor account statements and credit cards 4. Pay attention warning signs 5. Install protection software PPT-139-01 36

  37. Online Shopping Protection 6. Avoid phishing attempts 7. Properly dispose of paper documents 8. Only give out necessary information 9. Consider identity theft insurance 10. Be ready to react to a potential threat PPT-139-01 37

  38. Contact Information Health & Safety Training Specialists 1171 South Cameron Street, Room 324 Harrisburg, PA 17104-2501 (717) 772-1635 RA-LI-BWC-PATHS@pa.gov Like us on Facebook! - https://www.facebook.com/BWCPATHS PPT-139-01 31

  39. Questions? PPT-139-01 39

  40. Bibliography DHHS http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/events/holidays/ check_steps.pdf) Ladder Safety http://.ccohs.ca/oshanswerw/safety_haz/laddrs/) Christmas tree safety http://www.esfi.org/resource/christmas-tree- safety-tips-346#sthash.fwIn55DM.dpuf National Safety Council: nsc.org PPT-139-01 40

  41. Bibliography Shoveling safety http://ehstoday.com/health/wellness/snow_shove ling_safety_1215 National Fire Protection Association NFPA.org PPT-139-01 41