MNIA Introduction to Health Informatics Nursing Informatics 101 Kelly Hinds RN BN BA MBA Business Analyst – Momentum Healthware
At the end of this session you will have been introduced to: The definition of Informatics The definition of Health Informatics The definition of Nursing Informatics What is e-health Discussion on why should Manitoba nurses care about all of this anyway???? Learning Objectives
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerning the theory of knowledge; what is knowledge and how we gather and process knowledge (Encyclopedia of Philosophy) Intelligence – information gathering Information differs from most broad theoretical concepts of knowledge in that information is valued for it’s relevance rather than for it’s detail or accuracy The opposite of the “knowledge for knowledge’s sake” point of view Data – precise or particular information Fact – verified information A bit of theory to start off…
Power is the ability to influence others One of the main sources of power, both for an organization or for the individual, is Information which was linked to other power sources such as Position and Prestige But with advent of the “Information Age” there has now been a dramatic shift in the previously established power structures between the “professionals” and the “public” A bit of theory to start off…
Information is the result of processing, gathering, manipulating and organizing data in a way that adds to the knowledge of the receiver (Encyclopedia of Philosophy) Key is the context in which data is taken and viewed If you don’t know the question, just the answer won’t make much sense e.g. “42” A bit of theory to start off…
A Record is a specialized form of information It is information that is produced consciously as a by-product of a business activity or transaction and retained because if the information’s value The integrity of the retained record has value to the business The record must be obtainable when required A bit of theory to start off…
Information Science: the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information (Princeton University) Information Science or Informatics is the science of information. It is often, though not exclusively, studied as a branch of computer science and information technology and is related to database, ontology and software engineering (wikipedia) What is Informatics?
The collection, classification, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of recorded knowledge (Vanderbilit) A field of study that focuses on the use of technology for improving access to and utilization of information (Drecker) The common definition today is that Informatics is the study interrelationship between people, computers and information. What is Informatics?
The information process…. Storage of information Stored Data Generation of information Retrieval of information
The reality of the information process…. Stored Data
Currently much of the formal study of informatics is concerned with the human/computer interaction at point A and point B Storage of information Stored Data A B Generation of information Retrieval of information
Health informatics is the systematic study of information in the healthcare delivery system—how it is captured, retrieved, and used in making decisions—as well as the tools and methods used to manage this information and support decisions.American Health Information Management Association Health informatics - information agenda for health services which recognises the role of citizens as agents in their own care, as well as the major information-handling roles of the non-medical healthcare professions. British Medical Informatics Society What is HealthInformatics?
Nursing Informatics integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, and knowledge in nursing practice. Nursing informatics facilitates the integration of data, information, and knowledge to support clients, nurses, and other providers in their decision-making in all roles and settings. This support is accomplished through the use of information structures, information processes, and information technology. Canadian Nurses Association (2003) What is NursingInformatics?
The goal of nursing informatics is to improve the health of populations, communities, families, and individuals by optimizing information management and communication. This includes the use of information and technology in the direct provision of care, in establishing effective administrative systems, in managing and delivering educational experiences, in supporting lifelong learning, and in supporting nursing research. Canadian Nurses Association (2003) What is NursingInformatics?
What are some examples of NursingInformatics in day to day nursing practice in Manitoba that you can think of?
“eHealth is the single-most important revolution in healthcare since the advent of modern medicine, vaccines, or even public health measures like sanitation and clean water".Silber D. The case for eHealth. (Presented at the European Commission’s first high-level conference on eHealth May 22/23 2003.) European Institute of Public Administration 2003 This later-generation term reflect the substantive contribution of the citizen & non-medical professions to the generation and usage of healthcare data and related information. (wikipedia) What is e-health?
"e-health is an emerging field of medical informatics, referring to the organisation and delivery of health services and information using the Internet and related technologies. In a broader sense, the term characterizes not only a technical development, but also a new way of working, an attitude, and a commitment for networked, global thinking, to improve health care locally, regionally, and worldwide by using information and communication technology" [Eysenbach, 2001, adapted by Pagliari et al, 2005]. What is e-health?
"eHealth = Medicine + Communication + Information + Society" Gunther Eysenbach. What is e-health?
The Information Age has taken a firm hold in health care whether we like it or not There has been a great deal of resistance within the health care system to this change due to the culture of health care The concept of the electronic health record (EHR) is just one aspect of health care informatics that many Manitoba nurses in the three main branches of nursing are fast becoming familiar with in their day to day practice Summary of Key Points
Nurses will need to understand how their clients and family search out and acquire information and adapt their teaching/learning strategies accordingly Nurses have learning opportunities that could not have been imagined 20 years ago and now can acquire the “power” that the profession is perceived as lacking within health care Summary of Key Points
Nursing, often seen as the “human” element in health care has the opportunity for exponential professional growth, both individually and as a whole professional due to the e-health “revolution” Summary of Key Points
November 19, 2007 Career Options in Informatics Pat Rothney and Dawn-Marie Turner January 21, 2008 How Computers work March 17, 2008 Databases Upcoming Sessions