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WORKPACKAGE 4 Collection/Transport (CT), Sorting (SM), Landfill (L) O. Tabasaran, D. Steinbach, A. Schultheis, K. Fischer. OBJECTIVES Development of a general methodology for data collection to evaluate the efficiency.

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  • WORKPACKAGE 4

  • Collection/Transport (CT),

  • Sorting (SM), Landfill (L)

  • O. Tabasaran, D. Steinbach, A. Schultheis, K. Fischer


  • OBJECTIVES

  • Development of a general methodology for data collection to evaluate the efficiency.

  • Data collection in several cities and counties following the procedure developed.

  • Simulation with the target of improving the efficiency of CT-schemes, SMs and Ls analysed within the project.

  • If feasible, improvement measures will be implemented and assessed.


  • TASK 1

  • Legislation inventory, methodology & reference

  • Inventory of legislation, methods for evaluating process efficiency and product quality in each participating country.

  • Development of a methodology for EU-wide efficiency evaluation. Characterisation of the whole process from the beginning to further-on processing of products and from depositing to emission.

  • Definition of reference cities/counties in each partner country for carrying out the tasks.


  • References

  • Cities / Counties

  • Austria: Vienna

  • France: Orleans

  • Germany: Stuttgart, Wolfenbüttel / Calw, Esslingen

  • Norway: Trondheim

  • Portugal: Lisbon


  • TASK 2

  • Definition of data detail

  • Discussion of assessment parameters to be used in the model and the scenarios

  • Definition of waste material groups and landfill schemes to be used.

  • Definition of data detail (common denominator).


  • TASK 3

  • Technical description

  • CT: system types, operating conditions, organisation (public-private) etc.

  • SM: system types (mixed waste, separately collected, positive-negative sorting), operating conditions, organisation (public-private) etc.

  • L: System types (kind of landfill – classes of landfill), operating conditions organisation (public-private).


Collection systems

  • Kerbside

  • MSW

  • paper

  • biowaste

  • green dot

  • hazardous

  • textiles

  • brown/white

  • goods

  • ...

  • Bring

  • paper

  • hazardous

  • textiles

  • brown/white

  • goods

  • ...

  • Collection

  • Transport

  • container system

  • collection interval

  • urban/rural area

  • kind and number

  • of vehicles

  • staff

  • ...

  • Costs

  • equipment

  • vehicle maintenance

  • wages

  • fuel costs/ taxes

  • ...

  • Environment

  • fuel consumption

  • emissions (CO2, soot

  • smoke, noise, etc.)

  • ...


  • Input

  • MSW

  • separately

  • collected

  • materials

  • green dot

  • materials

  • Output

  • metals

  • glass

  • paper

  • plastics

  • Sorting

  • Mechanical pre-treatment

  • (magnetic separation)

  • Sorting/ screening

  • Residues

  • sieving rests

  • foreign material


  • Input

  • MSW

  • pre-sorted waste

  • pre-treated waste

  • (MBPT, incineration)

  • ...

  • Landfill

  • landfill class

  • placement of waste

  • sealing systems

  • gas collection (active/passive)

  • gas use (flare, energy use)

  • leachate collection

  • leachate purification

  • ...

  • Costs

  • construction

  • after-care

  • staff

  • maintenance

  • ...

  • Environment

  • emissions (CO2,

  • CH4, leachate)

  • land consumption

  • ...


  • TASK 4

  • Data collection and standardisation

  • Definition of standardised data gathering sheets.

  • Data collection and analysis of the existing CT-, SM-, L- systems at locations of task 1.

  • Data standardisation.


TASK 5

Matter modelling

Material flow schemes (mass balance) – efficiency evaluation, output products

CT: influence of fee systems.

SM: effects of CT on SM flow schemes, influence of markets (local, regional, national, trans-national).

L: gas (CO2, CH4) sewage (leachate), solid matter, description of matter behaviour, landfill effects on environment.


  • TASK 6

  • Integrated modelling and transfer know-how

  • Definition of model parameters.

  • Transfer of models for WP7.


  • Deliverables

  • Legislation survey on CT, SM, L operations and methods for evaluation the overall efficiency, the secondary raw material quality and the quality of material for final storage in the participating countries.

  • Comparable data (basis) for collection/transport systems, sorting plants/MRFs and landfills in European member states for modelling, assessment and decision finding.



  • Open questions?

  • Number of cities/counties?

  • Data detail: common denominator (e.g. comparison between Lisbon-Stuttgart: container system, collectors per trucks, vehicles, maintenance intervals of vehicles, etc.?

  • Reference quantity (MSW definition - national, EU)?

  • Assessment criteria (product quality, costs, environment)?

  • Effects on landfill (e.g. reduction of organic - how integrated in assessment scheme)?


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