Introduction to Alternative Fuels Technology. Why are we doing this ?. Future car. Is she driving an AFV?. Bio-what?. What kind of fuel are you using?. History. First Automobiles 1765 Richard Trevithick Steam 1847 Moses Farmer Electric 1863 E’ tienne Lenoir Internal Combustion
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Introduction to Alternative Fuels Technology
Future car Is she driving an AFV?
Bio-what? What kind of fuel are you using?
History First Automobiles 1765 Richard Trevithick Steam 1847 Moses Farmer Electric 1863 E’ tienne Lenoir Internal Combustion 1898 Rudorf Diesel Diesel Compression 1902 M. Krieger Hybrid/Electric 1980 Ed Passerini Solar Car
History 2 Automobile Performance 1851 Speed Record 19 mph Electric 1898 First Official Race 39 mph Electric 1899 Mile per Minute 60 mph Electric 1902 Electric’s Lose Lead 75 mph Steam 1906 100 Mile Barrier Broke 127 mph Steam
The U.S. Accounts for 26% of World Oil Consumption and 9% of World Oil Production, but Has Only 2% of World Oil Reserves Petroleum
Transportation Is Almost Entirely Dependent on Oil. It Accounts for 67% of U.S. Oil Use Now. This Will Increase Significantly in the Future Sector Use Source: EIA 2000
Domestic Oil Production Heavy Trucks Millions of Barrels per Day Light Trucks Passenger Vehicles Automobiles U.S. Highway Transportation Uses More Oil Than Is Produced Domestically Transportation Use Source: EIA 2000
The Clean Air Act Amendment of 1990 (CAAA) EPA • Improve air quality by reducing mobile source pollutants with cleaner fuels • Purchase LEVs in Clean Fuel Fleet Program • Metropolitan Statistical Areas of 250,000 or greater in non-attainment • Centrally fueled fleets of 10 or more vehicles • State, federal, and fuel provider fleets for 70% of fleet for <8,500 GVWR and 50% of fleet up to 26,000 GVWR • New acquisitions since 1999
The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) DOE • Reduce oil consumption through alternative fuel infrastructure implement and acquisition of LEVs alternative fuel vehicles • Metropolitan Statistical Areas of 250,000 or greater • Centrally fueled fleets of 20 or more vehicles less than 8,500 lbs • State, federal, and fuel provider fleets, 75%, 75%, and 90% respectively • New acquisitions since 1997
What are Alternative Fuels? Definition Fuels that are substantially non-petroleum and yield energy security and environmental benefits.
What are Alternative Fuels? Defined by EPA, Recognized by DOE Natural Gas – Compressed or Liquefied Propane/Liquefied Petroleum Gas Ethanol (denatured, E-5, E-85, ) Methanol (M-85) Electricity and Hybrid Electric Biodiesel (B100 neat, B20, B5) Hydrogen (ICE and Fuel Cell)
Clean Cities also promotes • Idle reduction • Fuel economy • Conservation activities • Mass Transportation • Share a ride • Hybrid/electric.
Bio-fuel Production • Ethanol plant in Bartow • Alcohol and gasoline • Biodiesel plant in Lakeland • Vegetable oil and petro-diesel
Ethanol • Flexible Fuel Vehicle • E85 or E5 percentage Ethanol to gasoline • Dodge, Chrysler, Ford, GM, BMW
Biodiesel • B100 neat, B20, B10, B5 • Percentage vegetable oil to diesel
Charging • Toyota Rav4 Electric Vehicle charging at Photovoltaic powered utility integrated system in New Syrmra
Solar Car Photovoltaics, battery and electric motor powered electric vehicle
Hybrid – Electric and Gasoline • Toyota • Honda • Ford
Neighborhood Electric Vehicle NEV • GEM Chrysler and Station
GAS • Compress Natural Gas CNG • Liquefied Natural Gas LNG • Propane – LPG • Dedicated and Bi-fuel • GM and Toyota
Hydrogen • Fuel Cell with electric drive • Internal Combustion Engine