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Chapter 4 Section 4 Vocabulary/Graphic Summary. Index page #42. 1. Philosophy – System of ideas. 2. Filial Piety – Respect for parents, above all other duties. Confucius believed that everyone had duties and responsibilities, depending on his or her position in a relationship.

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chapter 4 section 4 vocabulary graphic summary index page 42
Chapter 4 Section 4 Vocabulary/Graphic Summary. Index page #42
  • 1. Philosophy – System of ideas.
  • 2. Filial Piety – Respect for parents, above all other duties.
  • Confucius believed that everyone had duties and responsibilities, depending on his or her position in a relationship.
chapter 4 section 4 guided reading index page 42
Chapter 4 Section 4 “Guided Reading” Index page #42
  • 1. Confusianism:
    • Ensure social order and good government.
    • Best leader was one who led by good moral example.
    • Stressed the importance of individual duties, responsibilities, and respecting one’s parents(filial piety).

2. Legalism:

Grew out of teachings of Hanfeizi.

Concerned with social order, but believed the only way to achieve order was through strict laws and punishments.

chapter 4 section 4 guided reading index page
Chapter 4 Section 4 “Guided Reading” Index page #
  • 3. Daoism:
    • Founded by Laozi.
    • Were concerned with living in harmony with nature.
    • Believed the best type of government was one who governed least.

4. The Analects – Collected sayings of Confucius that were put together after his death.

5. Filial piety – Respect for one’s parents.

6. “The Way” – Ending conflict between desires and the simple ways of nature.

chapter 4 section 4 comprehension questions page 92
Chapter 4 Section 4 Comprehension Questions page 92
  • 3. Based them on duties and responsibilities. He placed special emphasis on the duties of filial piety, honesty, hard work, concern for others, and education.
  • 4. a. Legalists favored a government that passed strict laws and imposed harsh punishment.
  • b. Daoism was not concerned with bringing order to human affairs. Daoists believed the best government was one that governed least.
  • 5. Many Chinese liked the Buddhist idea of personal salvation. They welcomed the Buddhist promise that religious devotion could end suffering and lead to eternal happiness.