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Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya. Chairman, WMG, University of Warwick How UK HE institutions can make a greater mark in global research and innovation. Looking Backwards. History of research is history of collaboration Pasteur “Knowledge belongs to no country” Crucible steel, gunpowder, smallpox. .

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lord kumar bhattacharyya

Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya

Chairman, WMG, University of Warwick

How UK HE institutions can make a greater mark in global research and innovation

looking backwards
Looking Backwards
  • History of research is history of collaboration
    • Pasteur “Knowledge belongs to no country”
    • Crucible steel, gunpowder, smallpox.
uk success1
UK Success

Graham, M., Hale, S. A., and Stephens, M. (2011) Geographies of the World’s Knowledge, London, Convoco! Edition.

success but world changing
Success, but world changing
  • UK research world class
    • Top universities, broad research strengths
  • World changing around us
    • BRICs and more (Turkey, Africa, Latin America)
  • A chance to stay ahead, or fall behind.
1 uk research specialty vs brics
1. UK research specialty vs BRICS

International Comparative Performance of the UK Research Base,

BIS 2011, P40

2 need faster growth in partnerships
2. Need faster growth in Partnerships
  • Collaboration growing
    • But not fast enough
      • China publications growth now greater than entire UK output -130K increase.
      • India growing at over 12% a year
      • UK collaboration rates with key countries (China, India, Brazil etc) underperformed their overall research growth.
3 our r d spend too low
3. Our R&D spend too low
  • UK GERD $32 billion in 2010
    • 0.7% fall in share of global GERD
    • Strong value for money, but spend still low.
  • Not an issue of cuts
    • Lower BERD than ALL comparator countries.
  • Low Patent rates
4 we don t partner enough with business
4. We don’t partner enough with Business
    • UK has poor Business-Academia collaboration
        • Just 1.3% of total papers
        • 9k Fall in Business researchers
        • Those we need to collaborate with Fund most research through Business
        • Over two thirds in Japan, Germany, US, China.
        • Expanding economies will see BERD increase.
  • If we do not partner business here..
        • Why will global business funders partner us?
        • Global competition strong –MIT, Fraunhofer
uk strengths
UK Strengths

“Bottom up” strengths

Research Quality

Research breadth

Openness & accessibility

Academic Freedom

Attractive for researchers.

Impact gap reducing

Attitude of Govt

TSB, Impact, role of TICs

New R&D investors

UK successes

Rolls, Dyson

Global innovators

Pharma, Chemicals

Inward investors

Tata, Auto.

strategies to address
Strategies to address
  • Maintain World Class reputation
            • Govt Research funding protected
            • Attract new Business Research funding
            • Emphasise emerging market priorities
              • Engineering, Biology, Physical and Health sciences
  • Identify regional and National challenges in emerging research nations.
          • Alongside global challenges, think of local ones.
          • China in Africa.
          • Connect with the least connected.
strategies to address1
Strategies to address
  • Make global collaboration career-enhancing
      • Lower citation rate for Chinese, Brazilian etc partnerships.
      • Need to give non bibliometric impact weight.
      • Create incentives for researchers/institutions to seek partnerships in high growth areas
  • Partner with emerging Business titans.
      • Emerging market business will want to build research expertise at home.
      • Set up three cornered partnerships.
      • Think for long term -WMG in Hong Kong for 20 years
britain is world class
Britain is World Class

To stay that way:

We must learn,

We must change,

we must adapt.