BRITISH CULTURE LICEO SCIENTIFICO A.EINSTEIN 2012/2013 MANUEL FERRIGNO & MARCO SCHMIDT 3A
From Neolithic to Bronze Age, 8000 - 800 BC • Britain became an island after the end of the last ice age (about 8000 years ago). • The earliest people who lived in Britain were descendants of homo sapiens, they lived by fishing and hunting.
THE DAWN OF FARMING • The introducingoffarmingwas a veryimportantchange in humanhistory. • Farming started to develop in Britain between 5000BC and 4500 BC • farmingwasimportedby people from the continent. • Theystartedtobuilttheirvillages.
STONEHENGE • Stonehenge is a circular building composedbystones. Itiscollocatednear the townof Salisbury. • The stones were put in place in three main phases 3100–1550 BC. • there are manytheoriesabout the buldingofstonehenge. • People believe that it was a place of worship and ritual.
BRONZE AGE – LATE BRONZE AGE • Bronze agestartedabout 2500 B.C • People lived in round housesgroupedtogheter. • Metalworksimproved. • The first hillfortswerebuilt in the late bronze age.
IRON AGE – 800 BC • The Celtsweretechnicallyadvanced. • Theycuold work iron and producednewweapons. • Theyusednewfarmingmethods.
CELTIC HILLFORTS • Celtslived in round houses and theybuilthillfortsforreligiousactivitys and trade.
CELTIC LIFE • Celtsdidn’t leaveusanybooksbecausetheycoudn’t write and read, butGreeks and Romanswroteaboutthem. • In the celts life DruidsusuallysacrificedfoodforkeeptheirGods happy. • theywerefiercewarriors. • Theirmostusedweaponsweresword and spear. • The Celts were proud, brave and skilled fighters, they were rather undisciplined.
RELIGION AND BELIEF • Archaeologists believe that the Iron Age Celts had many gods and goddesses and that the Celts worshipped their gods through sacrifice, giving them valuable objects to keep them happy. • The Celts also sacrificed weapons to the gods by throwing them into lakes and rivers • The druids were the Celts' priests, responsible for all sorts of religious ceremonies. • They were educated and powerful members of the tribe.
THE END OF THE CELTIC AGE • By 450 BC hill forts were abandoned or transformed into primitive towns • About 200 BC Roman influence began to extend into Western Europe and Britain. • When the Romans conquered Gaul, the British Celts helped the Celts of Gaul. The Romans invaded Britain so that they could use British food for the Roman army in Gaul. • In AD 43 the Romans conquered England. They could never conquer Scotland.