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Authored by Dr. Somnuk Keretho UNNExT Advisory Committee Director, Institute for IT Innovation Kasetsart University sk@k PowerPoint Presentation
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Supported by. UNNExT Capacity Building Workshop on Single Window Planning and Implementation Module 9 – Project Management Phase 4: Implementation Oversight Phase Project Management Phase 5: Lessons-Learned/Feedback Phase .

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slide1

Supported by

UNNExT Capacity Building Workshop on Single Window Planning and ImplementationModule 9 –Project Management Phase 4: Implementation Oversight Phase Project Management Phase 5: Lessons-Learned/Feedback Phase

Authored byDr. Somnuk KerethoUNNExT Advisory CommitteeDirector, Institute for IT InnovationKasetsart Universitysk@ku-inova.org

14-15 December 2011Palais des Nations, Geneva

the objectives of this module
The Objectives of this module
  • To suggest some approaches and tips on how to monitor and oversee the progress of the SW project implementation so that if there are any significant deviations from the project plan, then any necessary corrective actions should be carried out

(Here we can only discuss it from a perspective of policy managers).

  • To emphasize the importance of collecting lessons learned and suggesting improvement opportunities as a feedback for the next iteration of SW project management process, i.e. for the analysis and planning for the next target SW project (within the SW long-term program).
sw project management process in 5 phases
SW Project Management Process in 5 Phases
  • Inception Phase (Preliminary) – Developing a concept paper for preliminary and initial discussion
  • Elaboration Phase – Conducting detailed feasibility study
  • Planning Phase – Formulating a High-level SW master plan
  • Execution Phase (Implementation & Oversight)– SW Project Implementation and – Monitoring and Controlling the project’s progress
  • Feedback & Lessons-learned Phase – Collecting lessons learned and suggesting opportunities for SW improvement and extensions.
establishing several levels of project management offices pmo
Establishing Several Levels of Project Management Offices (PMO)
  • After the SW high-level master plan has been officially approved and funded, several levels of Project Management Offices (PMOs) must be established and mandated to coordinate, manage and/or implementation the different levels of the SW program and (sub)projects to ensure long-term institutional support and operation (with offices and staffs), i.e. at least in 3 major levels
    • PMO at the political level
    • PMO at the strategic level
    • PMO at the implementation and operation level
establishing 3 levels of project management offices pmos
Establishing 3 Levels of Project Management Offices (PMOs)
  • At the Political Level – the National Economic and Social Development Board, or an organization in charge of overall national development planning and coordination, normally acts as the PMO or the secretariat office for the political level by collaboratively planning and overseeing the progress of the overall SW program implementation
    • Monitor the deliverables, provide quality checks, and feedbacks etc.
  • At the Strategic Level – suppose that Customs Dept is mandated to be the NSW focal point at the strategic level, then Customs Dept should establish a PMO team to manage and coordinate the SW projects with other government agencies and business sectors.
    • The SW high-level master plan needs to be further refined into several detailed plans, so that each relevant government/agency will procure, implement and deploy its system along with associated reforms.
  • At the Operational Level – Each agency in charge of any specific (sub)projects needs to have its own PMO to manage its own projects including detailed planning, implementation, deployment and operations of those projects.
    • For example, some projects may be procured, implemented and deployed by Customs, some projects by MICT, some projects by Port Authority, but all projects must be coordinated strategically by Customs Department (as the mandated focal point).
with the complexity of sw implementation at least 3 levels of interplay are normally needed

A Case Example 2

(referencing to the SW Roadmap - Level 2)

With the complexity of SW Implementation,At least 3 Levels of Interplay are normally needed.

Levels/

Drivers

Platform

Interplay

  • National Committee chaired by Head of State
  • Cabinet decree
  • National Committee and NSW Sub Committee
  • Source of legitimacy and budget
  • Source of authority for the Political-level PMO

Political will

  • Sub committee on NSW
  • Flagship status under Logistics and Trade Facilitation issues
  • Designating Lead Agencies (MICT, NESDB, Customs Dpt.)
  • Regular meetings drive progress
  • Informal meeting and dialogue create mutual trust and understanding
  • Lead consultant helped draw out over all architectures and models

Strategic

  • MICT Task Force allocating budget to 12 Government Departments.
  • Customs’ two Sub working groups on streamlining BP + aligning data required and technical communication protocols
  • MICT enforced Cooperation via budgeting and procurement process
  • Customs procedure reform implemented by Customs Dpt. forced some OGAs to come along

Operational

Ref: Suriyon, NESDB, 2010

NESDB=National Economic and Social Development BoardNLC = National Logistics Committee

OGA = Other government agencies

what and how to monitor and control a project at least 3 key things you should do
What and How to monitor and control a project?[At least 3 key things you should do ]
  • The project’s documented plan is the basis for
    • monitoring activities & their deliverables
    • communicating status, and
    • taking corrective actions
  • Progress is primarily determined by comparing “actual” work products, tasks, cost and schedule with the “planned” ones at prescribed milestones within the project schedule or within the work breakdown structure (WBS), e.g.
    • Comparing the “actual” finished-date with the “planned” finished date of the Milestones
    • Comparing the “actual” deliverable with the “planned” (expected) deliverable (work product)
  • Appropriate visibility enables timely corrective actions to be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan.
    • A deviate is significant if, when left unsolved, it precludes the project from meeting its objective.
what are the options for corrective actions
What are the options for corrective actions?

When actual progress’s status of the project deviates significantly from the expected values, corrective actions should be taken appropriately.

  • These actions may require “re-planning,” which may include revising the original plan, establishing new agreements, or including mitigation activities within the current plan.
  • In general, we should manage corrective actions to closure including (this is referred to as “Issue Management”).
    • Collect and analyze the issues and determine the corrective actions necessary to address the issues
    • Take corrective action on identified issues
    • Manage corrective actions to closure
lessons learned collection and feedback phase
Lessons-learned Collection and Feedback Phase
  • At the completion of each project implementation and deployment, lessons-learned collection and feedback phase should be conducted, normally by the appropriate PMO.
  • Since establishing a SW environment is a long-term and complicated development program (e.g. referring to the SW Roadmap), the concept of continuous improvement should be adopted since we could learn and continuously gain more experiences as we go through all phases.
  • Note that the SW project implementation include not just the technological components, e.g. hardware/network, software development, but also human-related operations and life-style environment changes.
    • It is very important to collecting lessons learned and suggest improvement opportunities of the above aspects as a feedback for the next iteration of SW project management process.
  • Inception
  • Phase

2. Elaboration

Phase

5. Feedback

Phase

3. Planning

Phase

4. Execution Phase

summary
Summary
  • This module briefly discuss basic concepts about SW Project Implementation Oversight. 3 main activities are suggested.
    • Monitoring progress.
      • Progress is primarily determined by comparing “actual” work product, task, cost and schedule with the “planned” ones at prescribed milestones within the project schedule or within the work breakdown structure (WBS)
    • Communicating status, and
    • Manage corrective actions
      • Collect and analyze the issues and determine the corrective actions necessary to address the issues
      • Take corrective action on identified issues
      • Manage corrective actions to closure
  • As a long-term endeavor as in the SW project, we recommend a continuous improvement concept by collecting lessons learned and feedbacks in the current cycle for iteratively improve the SW project planning and implementation of the next cycle.
case examples discussion

Case Examples & Discussion

How to provide an understanding of the project’s progress so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when the project’s performance deviates significantly from the plan.

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An S-Curve Technique to monitor the project work’s progress by comparing between the planned progress v.s. the actual progress of the project’s work products

A Case Example

Planned work progress

Actual work progress

18% Project Delayat the end of the 7th project’s month

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Reporting’s Date

Project Start Date

Schedule

Project End Date

31 มีค.54

Dec

2011

July

2011

Aug

2011

Sept2011

Mar

201

Oct

2011

Nov

2011

June

2011

Jan

2012

May

2011

April

2011

Feb

2012

WBS-2

WBS-1

A Case Exampleon WBS

WBS-3

Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

WBS-4

Project Duration = 1 year

WBS-5

WBS-6

Work Product-4

Work Product-1

Work Product-2

Work Product-3

Deliverables

Done

Slight Delay

Significant Delay

Progress