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Man and Machine: A Biblical Look at Present and Future Technology with C. S. Lewis Lesson 7. Chesterfield Presbyterian Church February 20, 2011 Andrew Shaw firstname.lastname@example.org. Man and Machine: Outline. Man and Machine : Theology of Technology Man is Master of the Machine
Chesterfield Presbyterian Church
February 20, 2011
Mouse with human “ear” (1997)
Jack, Lisa, Molly, Adam Nash
Baby Fae with baboon’s heart (1984)
World’s first “test tube baby”
Louise Joy Brown, July 25, 1978
2010 Nobel Prize,
with Louise and her baby.
~500,000 frozen embryos, waiting…
1% of all births in US
~1 million worldwide
Bruce, Sarah, Rosemary & Lydia Clark
9 All who make idols are nothing, and the things they treasure are worthless. Those who would speak up for them are blind; they are ignorant, to their own shame.
10 Who shapes a god and casts an idol, which can profit him nothing?
11 He and his kind will be put to shame; craftsmen are nothing but men. Let them all come together and take their stand;they will be brought down to terror and infamy.
12 The blacksmith takes a tool and works with it in the coals; he shapes an idol with hammers, he forges it with the might of his arm. He gets hungry and loses his strength; he drinks no water and grows faint.
13 The carpenter measures with a line and makes an outline with a marker; he roughs it out with chisels and marks it with compasses. He shapes it in the form of man, of man in all his glory, that it may dwell in a shrine.
14 He cut down cedars, or perhaps took a cypress or oak. He let it grow among the trees of the forest, or planted a pine, and the rain made it grow.
15 It is man's fuel for burning; some of it he takes and warms himself, he kindles a fire and bakes bread. But he also fashions a god and worships it; he makes an idol and bows down to it.
16 Half of the wood he burns in the fire; over it he prepares his meal, he roasts his meat and eats his fill. He also warms himself and says, "Ah! I am warm; I see the fire."
17 From the rest he makes a god, his idol; he bows down to it and worships. He prays to it and says, "Save me; you are my god."
18 They know nothing, they understand nothing; their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds closed so they cannot understand.
19 No one stops to think, no one has the knowledge or understanding to say, "Half of it I used for fuel; I even baked bread over its coals, I roasted meat and I ate. Shall I make a detestable thing from what is left? Shall I bow down to a block of wood?"
20 He feeds on ashes, a deluded heart misleads him;he cannot save himself, or say, "Is not this thing in my right hand a lie?"
Embryo - 8 cell morula
5 days “blastocyst”
1. Adult stem cells
2. Embryonic stem cells
Stem cells from
Umbilical cord blood
Easier to culture
More “active” (regenerates faster)
Immortal (can be maintained in vitro indefinitely)
Not subject to autoimmune rejection
Easier to control
Do not form tumors
Do not destroy the embryo
Can be “retroprogrammed”ESC’s vs. ASC’s
* Some ASC’s, e.g., from umbilical cord blood, now appear to be pluripotent.
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT)
BLASTOCYST TAKEN APART
BLASTOCYST PLACED IN WOMB
Reproductive cloning: “cloning-to-produce-children” (CPC)
Using somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)
A woman is injected with powerful hormones that cause her ovaries to produce multiple eggs.(superovulation)
The eggs are surgically removed.
Up to 14% of women experience complications, some life-threatening.
U of Penn
Exploitation of women
Eggs become a commodity
Human embryos with bar codes
1. Functional Genomics - To help scientists understand the complex events of cell development.
2. Drug Testing - Easier discovery and testing of new drugs.
3. Correction of genetic disorders - Stem cells could deliver gene therapy.
4. Cell Therapy - Cells could be generated that would be implanted into damaged tissues.
5. Transplantation - Unlimited source of organs for transplantation that could be grown in the lab.
Multiple Sclerosis: replace damaged nerve cell sheath.
Paralysis: re-grow destroyed nervous tissue.
Stroke: repair brain damage.
Heart Attacks: skin cell stem cell to replace damaged heart muscle.
AIDS: replace damaged immune system.Proposed ASC Therapies:Miracle Cures for “Incurable” Diseases
2006 - ASC from umbilical cord blood to
treat rats; significant recovery
- ESC to treat rats; many severe tumors
2005 - used protein to stimulate patient’s brain
stem cells; significant improvement
- turned monkey ESC into neural ASC; mild relief
2004 - successfully treated mice with nerve cells
developed from their own bone marrow
- turned human ESC into neural ASC and treated mice;
partial improvement, but too early to detect tumors
2003 - injected protein into patient’s brain, stimulating neural ASC;
61% improvement in motor function
- neurons from mice ESC transplanted into mice; some decrease
in symptoms but 20% died due to teratomas
Michael J. Fox
Parkinson’s Treatments, Family Research Council, www.frc.org
1-3. National Geographic News, January 25, 2005.