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THE TERTIARY SECTOR. Why are services important?. The terciary or service sector consists of all the activities that do not directly produce tangible goods. They provide services to satisfy people´s wants and needs.

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why are services important
Why are services important?
  • The terciary or service sector consists of all the activities that do not directly produce tangible goods.
  • They provide services to satisfy people´s wants and needs.
  • Developed countries have experienced a tertiatization which has increased the importance of this sector.Services provide about 70%of wealth and employment.
what are transport services
What are transport services?
  • Transport is made possible due to a combination of many human and material elements.
  • Mode of transport.
  • Infraestructure:whether roads, railways or pipelines.
the importance of transport functions
The importance of transport:functions
  • Technology, political and economical requirements have made possible greater speed, capacity and safety with lower coss.
  • In today´s world , transport has three main functions:economic, political and social.
functions
Functions
  • Economic :It allows the normal chain of distribution and consumption. It contributes to the development of other activities such as tourism.
  • Political: it reinforces the integration of the different regions and areas in a territory.
  • Social: it facilitates human relations ,specially leisure.
transport network
Transport network
  • Transport network is the infraestructure necessary for vehicles to circulate. It consists of a series of nodes, axes or lines.
  • The level of development is measured by the degree of conectivity
  • The layout of networks is conditioned by several factors:historical,political, socioeconomic and natural.
transport systems
Transport systems
  • ROAD TRANSPORT
  • It is mostly used for personal travel, particularly over short distances.
rail transport
Rail transport
  • It is used to carry passengers for short distances and medium-range distances.It is also used for carrying large and heavy loads.
water transport
Water transport
  • Sea and river transport, the latter on large navigable rivers, such as Missisipi.
  • Water transport is mainly used to transport freight over long distances
air transport
Air transport
  • It is mainly used for long distance transport of passengers and goods of limited volume.
  • The demand for air transport has increased due the emergence of low cost airlines

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what is trade
Whatistrade?
  • Tradeistheexchange of goodsand services.
  • Itdepends in threefactors.
  • Transport and infraestructure.
  • Marketsize
  • Purchasingpowe.
domestic trade
Domestictrade
  • Ittakes places within a country´sborders. We can makethedifferencebetween.
  • Wholesaler.
  • Retailer.
foreign trade
ForeignTrade
  • Ittakes place withothercountries. Imports are thepurchases of goods , exports are the sales of goods.
what is tourism
Whatistourism?
  • Itconsists of theactivitiespeople do duringtravel.Theymustsatisfytourist´sneedsfortravel, accommodation, food , leisure and so on .
the growth of tourism
Thegrowth of tourism
  • Thereasonsfortherapidgrowth of tourism in developedcountries .
  • Higherincomelevels. Peoplehave more moneytospend.
  • Improvedtransport.
  • More leisure time
  • Diversification.
positive effects of tourism
Positive effects of tourism
  • Increase in wealth of receivingcountries.
  • Activation of theeconomy and labourmarket.
  • Construction of infraestructures.
the negative effects of tourism
Thenegativeeffects of tourism
  • Regional economicimbalances.
  • Seasonal and precariousemployment.
  • Environmentalimpact.
tertiary sector in the eu
Tertiary sector in the EU
  • Themostsignificantactivities in theservice sector are publicservices, trade and businessservices
  • Thereis a certainspecializationamongcountries.
eu policies in the tertiary sector
EU policies in thetertiary sector
  • Wemust line up theachievements of thecustomunion, as a result of itgoods and capital circulatefreelywithin EU territory.
  • Thecommontradetariffisapplied.
  • However , barrierstothe free movement of services and freedom of establishmentstillexist.
major challenges facing the eu
Majorchallengesfacingthe EU
  • There are fourmajorchallenges.
  • Loss of jobcausedbyoutsorcing.
  • Increaseproductivity.
  • Correcttechnologicaldifferences of new EU members.