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Writing An Effective CV . Learning objectives. By the end of this session, you are expected to: Identify key skills and qualifications to be included in the CV Position yourself correctly in the job market Understand how recruiters and headhunters search for candidates

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learning objectives
Learning objectives
  • By the end of this session, you are expected to:
    • Identify key skills and qualifications to be included in the CV
    • Position yourself correctly in the job market
    • Understand how recruiters and headhunters search for candidates
    • Understand how to make your CV attractive
what are cv types
What are CV types
  • Chronological
  • Functional
  • Academic
chronological resumes
Chronological Resumes
  • The most common resume type.
  • Experience and qualifications are sorted in a chronological order starting from the most recent.
  • Activities are summarized by job or employer.
  • It fits recruiters’ templates.
functional resumes
Functional Resumes
  • Doesn’t follow chronological order
  • Suitable for executives, career changers
  • Skills and qualifications summarized by function, for example:
    • A candidate might write “Marketing Experience”, then lists titles and positions held, projects managed, etc.
  • Can be a powerful tool to present functional expertise, but it is not very popular.
  • Doesn’t fit recruiter’s standard templates; and may discourage short-listing
academic resumes
Academic Resumes
  • An academic CV focuses on academic qualifications of the candidate.
  • It refers to previous research; and research areas of interest.
  • It includes reference to publications, memberships and affiliations of professional and academic bodies.
what information should be on your cv
What information should be on your CV
  • Identify Yourself
  • Education
  • Continuing Education
  • Work or Professional Experience
  • Volunteer Experience
  • Activities & Interests
  • Computer Skills
  • Professional Affiliations & Memberships

Optional Sections

  • Objective
  • Special Skills and Abilities
  • Reference Statement
cv writing essentials 1 of 2
CV Writing Essentials (1 of 2)
  • Tell the truth
  • Check spelling and grammar
  • Beware of typos
  • Use formal language
  • Make it readable
    • Less is more
    • User white spaces
    • Use bullet points or short phrases
    • Use industry standard labels or keywords
    • Use easily read formats, fonts and styles
    • Keep the design simple
    • Minimize use of abbreviations
cv writing essentials 2 of 2
CV Writing Essentials (2 of 2)
  • Focus on your skills & qualifications
  • Use action words to express results and accomplishments; for example perform, manage, etc.
  • Make it short; 2 to 2.5 pages maximum
  • Avoid irrelevant information; including irrelevant work activities and inappropriate person information
  • Produced on a computer
  • No spelling or grammar errors
  • Neat, clean, and professional looking
  • Avoid the use of different colors or fonts
  • Margins at sides and bottom
  • Information is logically and chronologically recorded
  • Quantify your results whenever you can
where to start
Where to start
  • Identify where you are?
  • Identify what you want to be?
  • Focus on relevant experience, and useful information
  • Avoid being emotional
  • Employers
what recruiters do
What recruiters do
  • Recruiters search for key words; make sure you have all of them on your CV
  • Recruiters give 10 to 20 seconds for a CV; make sure you have a neat eye-catching presentation of your qualifications
common mistakes 1 of 3
Common mistakes (1 of 3)
  • Typos and Grammar Slips
    • “Great attention to detail.”
    • “Proven ability to track down and correct erors.”
    • “Am a perfectionist and rarely if ever forget etails.”
    • Accomplishments: Completed 11 years of high school.”
    • Don’t use “I” or “me”
common mistakes 2 of 3
Common mistakes (2 of 3)
  • Leaving gaps!
    • Everyone faces unemployment at certain point in his career.
    • Avoid leaving gaps. Solution:
      • Either return to education, or
      • Volunteer
common mistakes 3 of 3
Common Mistakes (3 of 3)
  • Don’t be emotional!
    • Don’t be emotionally attached to certain achievements or interests not relevant for the job.
writing a cover letter
Writing A Cover Letter
  • A cover letter is a “letter”
  • Some employers require CVs to be accompanied by cover letters.
  • A cover letter is an opportunity to tell what is not shown on a CV.
    • Possibly to express enthusiasm, confidence, interest, skills, etc.
  • Mention the person who referred you if appropriate
cover letter structure
Cover Letter Structure
  • Header Section:
    • Your address, city, state, zip, and telephone number.
    • Date
    • Name, title, company, address, city, state, and zip of
    • person you’re writing to.
    • Greeting, followed by a colon.
  • Paragraph 1:
    • What you want
    • How you know about the organization
    • Mention enclosure of your resume
  • Paragraph 2:
    • Concise overview of work history and skills that will help you perform the job.
  • Paragraph 3:
    • State confidence in your ability
    • Give information on how you can be contacted
  • Paragraph 4:
    • Express appreciation
  • Closing: signature, and typed name
applying for jobs
Applying for jobs
  • Recruiters receive 100’s of applications for every post, make sure you apply for the right opportunity only.
  • Avoid annoying recruiters with emails.
  • Recruiters can no longer give feedback to hundreds of applicants, if you don’t hear from the recruiter then you were most likely not selected.