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Hinduism. Hindu Spiritual Disciplines. The Sacred Thread spiritual training only for upper-caste males women and shudras excluded cord of three threads worn over the shoulder. The Hindu Life Cycle. Traditional life periods 25yrs each chaste student and teacher householder stage

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hindu spiritual disciplines
Hindu Spiritual Disciplines

The Sacred Thread

spiritual training only for upper-caste males

women and shudras excluded

cord of three threads worn over the shoulder

the hindu life cycle
The Hindu Life Cycle
  • Traditional life periods
    • 25yrs each
      • chaste student and teacher
      • householder stage
        • raise a family contribute productively to society
      • begin retirement from society
      • age of 75 sees full detachment
        • a sannyasin
          • ashram - monastic life
a guru
A Guru?
  • The guru
    • “the venerable”
    • a teacher
      • do not proclaim themselves teachers, the students simply come
        • no guru necessary for the sincere earnest seeker…most need help
  • Yoga
    • yoke or union with the infinite consciousness
    • One should use some form of disciplined technique to achieve this.
      • Raja Yoga
      • Jnana Yoga
      • Karma Yoga
      • Bhakti Yoga
the more common
The More Common
  • Raja Yoga (89)
    • asanas - physical postures
    • prana - invisible life energy
    • chakras - bodily energy centers
    • mantras, sound repetition
    • yantras - a visual form
entering the mental aspect
Entering The Mental Aspect
  • Jnana Yoga
    • rational mind emphasis
      • restraint, renunciation, resignation, concentration, faith
        • not mind, not senses, not body, then what?
a thousand points of light
A Thousand Points of Light....
  • Karma Yoga
    • any service rendered without thought or interest in its effect on anything
      • God doing it through you, but not you
the ultimate love story
The ULTIMATE Love Story
  • Bhakti Yoga
    • love affair for the god
    • the bhakta EXPECTS the god to appear at any time
major theistic cults
Major Theistic cults

Three unifying aspects




the god s of hinduisim some of em
The God’s of Hinduisim... (some of ‘em)
  • Three major groupings of deity types;
    • Vaishnavites
    • Saivites
    • Saktas
the feminine
The Feminine
  • Vaishnavites
    • worship divine as Vishnu
      • the tender, merciful deity
        • basis for Hare Krishnas
      • the lotus floats serenely on the water with it’s roots firmly in the mud
        • refined spiritual energy rising from worldly contamination
the masculine
The Masculine
  • Saivites
    • worship divine as Siva
      • Siva = destroyer
    • Often represented with a consort (Parvati his spouse)
and everything else
And everything else
  • Saktas
    • worship the female creative power
      • Durga
        • beautiful woman with ten arms and weapons
      • Kali
        • warrior goddess
        • destruction is actually transformation
        • one hand a sword, one a head, one saying fear not…
        • mask of ugliness, symbolizing pleasant with unpleasant, creation and destruction
but is it poly or mono
BUT, Is it Poly or Mono?
  • Ultimate faith in one genderless deity
    • Brahmin
philosophical systems
Philosophical Systems

Three common features

rooted in Vedas and other scriptures and truth through meditation

ethics are central to social life, hence good and bad karma are incentive for living ethical lives

cause of suffering is peoples ignorance of their true self, THE true self

  • Two common systems
    • Samkhya
    • Advaita Vedanta
material versus non material
Material versus Non-material
  • Samkhya
    • dualistic
      • pre-vedic
    • two states of reality
      • purusha = eternal self that is wise, pure, etc.
      • prakriti = the cause of the material universe
  • Advaita Vedanta
    • monistic
      • single reality
        • life is an illusion we make it. The absolute is there, we misperceive
forms of worship
Devotions and rituals

rites of passage

cleanliness is a NECCESITY


sounds, smells, taste, sights, touch all involved

the image of the deity

NOT the deity

Forms of Worship
a good excuse for a party
A Good Excuse For a PARTY
  • Festivals
    • riotously joyous
      • water pistols in worship!
modern hinduism
Ghandi established two overreaching precepts;

awareness of spiritual truth

non-violent resistance to military-industrial oppression

Modern Hinduism
  • Transcendental Meditation
    • a stilling of the mind and internal reaching for the true reality
      • for couple mil we can stop your crime
a return to the ancient ways
A Return to the Ancient Ways
  • Hindu fundamentalism
    • restoration of perfect rule, like in legendary times with perfect Hindu virtue being observed
a newly offered path to equality
A Newly Offered Path to Equality
  • Exodus to Christianity
    • no castes