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Circulatory System. Alex Wiemann. Circulatory System. The human circulatory system functions to transport blood and oxygen from the lungs to the various tissues of the body. Arteries, Capillaries, and Veins. Circulatory System. The Route of Blood.

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circulatory system

Circulatory System

Alex Wiemann

circulatory system1
Circulatory System
  • The human circulatory system functions to transport blood and oxygen from the lungs to the various tissues of the body.
the route of blood
The Route of Blood
  • Blood enters the right side of the heart through the first part of the superior and ending part of the inferior vena cava as well as the coronary sinus where it enters the right atrium.
  • Next it flows through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle.
  • The blood goes through the pulmonary valve into the pulmonary trunk and pulmonary artery and into the lungs
  • Blood returns to the heart through the pulmonary veins.
  • The blood then enters back into the left atrium then through the bicuspid valve and into the left ventricle.
  • The blood flows through the aortic valve into the aorta and systemic circulation takes place and deoxygenated blood comes back through the veins and back into the heart for circulation again.
composition of blood
Composition of Blood
  • Blood is composed of formed elements including erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets which are also known as thrombocytes.
  • These elements are responsible for the duties of transport, immunity, and clotting.
  • These elements are carried in the plasma, the liquid form of blood.
erythrocytes
Erythrocytes
  • Red blood cells, or erythrocytes, have the appearance of biconcave disks.
  • They take on the shape of a flattened circle with a depression in the middle.
  • The shape of a red blood cell is specialized for the diffusion of gas which provides a surface for transporting oxygen to the various areas of the body.
open and closed circulatory system
Open and Closed Circulatory System

Closed circulatory system

Open circulatory system

Vertebrates have a closed circulatory system.

Closed circulatory systems have the blood closed at all times within vessels of different size and wall thickness.

Blood is pumped by a heart through vessels and does not normally fill body cavities.

The open circulatory system is common to mollusks and arthropods (invertebrates).

Open circulatory systems pump blood into a hemocoel with the blood diffusing back to the circulatory system between cells.

Blood is pumped by a heart into the body cavities, where tissues are surrounded by the blood.

aortic aneurysm
Aortic Aneurysm
  • A bulging of part of the aorta is called an aneurysm.
  • Large or fast growing aneurysms can rupture, causing significant loss of blood into the abdominal cavity.
  • Aortic aneurysms are usually symptomless, but if there are symptoms, they may include back, chest or abdominal pain.
  • Options for treatment range from watchful waiting to surgery, depending on the size and location of the aneurysm.
arteriovenous malformations
Arteriovenous Malformations
  • Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), are abnormal tangles of blood vessels within an area of the circulatory system.
  • They develop either before or right after birth.
  • Few symptoms of AVMs show in most people with them. It is possible that AVMs could cause headaches, seizures, or paralysis, because of a decrease of oxygen to an area, bleeding, or pressing on a vital structure.
  • About one percent of people with AVMs die annually.
  • Treatment includes surgical removal, stereotactic radiosurgery, and endovascular embolization.
references
References
  • http://www.ideacenter.org/contentmgr/showdetails.php/id/1113
  • http://www2.gsu.edu/~bioasx/closeopen.html
  • http://www.medicalook.com/human_anatomy/organs/Blood.html
  • http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Route_of_blood_flow_through_the_heart
  • http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/biocoach/cardio2/structure.html
  • http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Human-Circulatory-System.topicArticleId-8741,articleId-8711.html
  • http://www.mayoclinic.org/arteriovenous-malformation/treatment.html