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Chapter 10

Chapter 10. The Powers of the States. Vocabulary. a lliance – a union of nations joined in a common cause. Vocabulary. r eserved – set aside or saved for a special reason. Vocabulary. i llegal – against the law. Vocabulary.

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Chapter 10

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  1. Chapter 10 The Powers of the States

  2. Vocabulary • alliance – a union of nations joined in a common cause

  3. Vocabulary • reserved – set aside or saved for a special reason

  4. Vocabulary • illegal – against the law

  5. Vocabulary • federal aid – money that the federal government gives to the states

  6. The United States • Is very large! • Maine to California = 3,000 miles • Texas to Alaska = 7,000 miles • Hawaii is in the middle of the ocean!

  7. The United States has: • farms • mines • lakes • mountains • cities • country/plains • desert • oceans • rivers

  8. The United States has: • Cold areas • Hot areas • Hurricane areas • Earthquake areas • Tornado areas • Forest fire areas • Flooding areas

  9. The United States has many jobs: • Florida – famous for growing oranges • Maine – famous for fishing • Michigan – famous for making cars • California – famous for making movies • Idaho – famous for growing potatoes • New York – famous for business

  10. The United States is… VERY DIFFERENT ALL OVER! That’s why we need state governments to help focus on each area’s own needs

  11. State Governments • Each state has its own government • Each state makes its own laws to take care of its own needs • Each state focuses on itself

  12. Under the Articles of Confederation • The states had more power than the national government • States made their own money • States taxed goods from other states • States raised their own armies • Each state did things differently… • States started fighting

  13. Under the Constitution • State powers became limited

  14. The Constitution Article 1, Section 10 • Lists powers the states don’t have: • States cannot make a treaty, alliance, or confederation • States cannot print or make money • States cannot grant titles of nobility (king, queen, etc…) • States cannot start a war with another country • States cannot raise their own army

  15. Powers Reserved FOR the States • Powers the states DO have: • States can make local governments • States can make schools • States can run all local and state elections • States can set laws for marriage and divorce • States can give licenses for workers to practice in the state (like doctors, lawyers, plumbers, teachers, etc…)

  16. State Constitutions • States must have a plan for government • The plan is called a State Constitution

  17. US Constitution & State Constitutions • 4 things are the same: • Rule by the people • Limited government • Separation of powers • Checks and balances

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