local regulation in groundwater n.
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Local regulation in Groundwater

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  1. Local regulation in Groundwater Case Study: Ban on Boreholes Village Maramreddypalli Nellore, Andhra Pradeh, India

  2. Maramreddypalli: mountains and paddyfields

  3. In Village Maramreddypalli groundwater has stabilized at 15 meter (40 feet)

  4. Unlike other parts of Nellore District where groundwater tables have fast declined in the last fifteen years

  5. This was achieved through: Measures to capture rainwater Measures to reduce water loss Ban on borewells - except for drinking water

  6. Water Management Strategy of Maramreddypalli • Use open dug wells • Main irrigation tank • Mini tank • Channel lining • Rain-fed farming

  7. Open well

  8. The Main Irrigation Tank: 25 ha

  9. Percolation tank - restored with help of women

  10. No borewells (tubewells) are allowed for agricultural use! Only open wells for agriculture: Operated with diesel pumpsets

  11. Borewells are only allowed for drinking water

  12. To reduce water losses, water from open wells is conveyed through pipes and tubes

  13. Irrigation canals are kept in order Lined With shade trees

  14. Apart from paddy…

  15. Millet and sunflower Rain-fed crops also still important

  16. The ban on borewells was introduced in 1995 by the Village Government in consultation with elders

  17. This followed the severe water shortage of 1992-1994 Moreover, following the expansion of inland shrimp fishery from 1990 onwards everyone had seen wells falling dry and even drinking water supply being jeopardized…

  18. The ban on boreholes continues to be supervised by village government

  19. And supported by the local consensus that:We don’t want bore holesThe tube well culture brought our country to deteriorating conditions” Subba Reddy Sreenivasulu

  20. Enforcement In 2001 one person started drilling a borewell at midnight All villagers – including women – and the village committee forced him to stop Afterwards no one has attempted to drill a borewell

  21. Acknowledgement This case study is based on the work of TM Gowri Shankar, Remede, Nellore (India) With assistance of Marleen Nooij