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Final Rule Guidance Presentation: USDA Meal Patterns for the National School Lunch (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program. Director’s Training School and Community Nutrition KDE. Session Goals. Provide information to understand:

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slide1

Final Rule Guidance Presentation: USDA Meal Patterns for the National School Lunch (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program

Director’s Training

School and Community Nutrition

KDE

session goals
Session Goals

Provide information to understand:

  • The required changes to the breakfast and lunch meal patterns and nutrition standards
  • The implementation timeline
  • The needed adjustments to achieve and maintain compliance with the final rule
session goals1
Session Goals

After this presentation, sponsors will have:

  • Suggestions for effectively implementing adjustments to their meal pattern
  • Sample menus
  • Additional resource information related to the meal patterns, menu suggestions and implementation guidance
final rule january 2012
Final Rule (January 2012)
  • Title
    • Nutrition Standards in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs (77 FR 4088)
  • Published
    • January 26, 2012
  • Compliance date
    • July 1, 2012
summary of changes to 7 cfr parts 210 and 220
Summary of Changes to 7 CFR Parts 210 and 220

Aligns the meal patterns and nutrition standards for the NSLP and SBP to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. As a result, school meals will have:

  • Increased availability of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and fat-free and low-fat milk
  • Reductions in the levels of sodium, saturated fat and trans fat within set calorie ranges by set grade groups
summary of changes to 7 cfr parts 210 and 2201
Summary of Changes to 7 CFR Parts 210 and 220

Changes are from the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 and Institute of Medicine recommendations with the expected results of:

  • Enhanced diet and health of school children
  • Positive steps forward to decrease the incidence of childhood obesity
proposed vs final rule
Proposed Vs. Final Rule
  • Number of public comments on the proposal was unprecedented and USDA listened.
  • Between January 13 – April 13, 2011, there were over 133,000 comments!
slide8
The last update to school meals standards was over 15 years ago.The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act required USDA to update school meals nutrition standards to reflect the most current dietary science.
congressional action
Congressional Action
  • Several changes from proposed rule were required as result of Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012 (P.L. 112-55)
    • No maximum weekly limit on starchy vegetables (or other vegetable subgroups)
    • Evaluate studies on sodium intake/human health prior to implementing second and final sodium targets
    • Crediting of tomato paste
    • “Whole grain” definition
meal pattern details
Meal Pattern Details
  • All sponsors must use the Food Based Meal Pattern (FBMP) approach for reimbursable lunches by July 1, 2012
  • Sponsors may change to the FBMP for breakfasts by July 1, 2012 OR may continue their current breakfast meal pattern through June 30, 2013
  • All sponsors must be using the FBMP for reimbursable breakfasts by July 1, 2013
age grade groups
Age/Grade Groups
  • Same age/grade groups for NSLP and SBP:

PS

K-5

6-8

9-12

Note: Pre-K student meal patterns remain unchanged until updated in a future rule

  • In the SBP, the change takes effect in SY 2013-2014 to ease burden on program operators.
age grade groups cont
Age/Grade Groups, cont.

The age/grade groups are now narrower to provide age-appropriate meals. However, the rule allows some flexibility to schools that have different grade configurations. This rule permits a school to use one meal pattern for students in grades K through 8 as food quantity requirements for groups K-5 and 6-8 overlap. However, this will require careful planning to ensure requirements are met for both of these two groups.

breakfast meal pattern
Breakfast Meal Pattern
  • Breakfast Meal Components
  • Fruits
  • Grains/Whole Grains
  • Fluid Milk
  • Component portion requirements have changed
breakfast meal pattern1
Breakfast Meal Pattern

Breakfast component portion requirements are changed with varied implementation dates

breakfast meal pattern2
Breakfast Meal Pattern

Fruits

  • Fresh, frozen without added sugar, canned in juice/light syrup, or dried
    • No more than half of the fruit offerings may be in the form of juice
    • 100% juice only
    • ¼ cup of dried fruit = ½ cup of fruit
    • Refer to Food Buying Guide for crediting information

Note: These guidelines apply to Breakfast and Lunch

breakfast meal pattern3
Breakfast Meal Pattern

Fruits, continued

  • Effective July 1, 2012 snack-type fruit products that may have been creditable before will no longer contribute to a reimbursable meal
  • Effective July 1, 2013 frozen fruits must be packed in water, no sugar added, or unsweetened juice

Note: These guidelines apply to Breakfast and Lunch

breakfast meal pattern4
Breakfast Meal Pattern

Breakfast component portion requirements are changed with varied implementation dates

breakfast meal pattern5
Breakfast Meal Pattern

Breakfast component portion requirements are changed with varied implementation dates

breakfast meal pattern6
Breakfast Meal Pattern

The whole grains component requirements have varied implementation dates

breakfast meal pattern7
Breakfast Meal Pattern
  • Meet serving size requirements in Grains/Breads Instruction and
  • Meet one of the following:
    • Whole grains per serving must be ≥ 8 grams or
    • Product includes FDA’s whole grain health claim on its packaging or
    • Product ingredient listing lists whole grain first (HUSSC criteria)

Note: These guidelines apply to Breakfast and Lunch

Whole Grain-Rich

breakfast meal pattern8
Breakfast Meal Pattern
  • Product ingredient listings
    • Non-mixed items (e.g., breads, cereals): whole grains must be the first ingredient
    • Mixed component items (e.g., pizza, corn dogs): whole grains must be the primary grain ingredient by weight (a whole grain is the firstgrain ingredient in the listing)

Detailed instructions for this method are at:

http://teamnutrition.usda.gov/healthierUS/HUSSCkit_pp25-35.pdf

Note: These guidelines apply to Breakfast and Lunch

Criteria for Whole Grain-Rich Foods

breakfast meal pattern9
Breakfast Meal Pattern

Whole Grain-Rich (WGR) Foods

  • CN-labeled products will report if the product:
    • “provides X servings of bread or bread alternate” if not whole grain

or

    • “provides X servings of WGR grains for those that are whole grain-rich
  • Beginning July 1, 2014 all products must be whole grain-rich and CN labels will be updated as needed to report the WGR creditable content

Note: These guidelines apply to Breakfast and Lunch

breakfast meal pattern10
Breakfast Meal Pattern
  • Formulated grain-fruit products as defined in CFR 220, Appendix A are removed from the regulations and no longer creditable for a reimbursable breakfast
  • The following bar-type products are creditable:
    • Energy, granola, cereal and breakfast
  • Cereals with fruits are creditable toward the meal pattern
breakfast meal pattern11
Breakfast Meal Pattern

Note: These guidelines apply to Breakfast and Lunch

breakfast meal pattern12
Breakfast Meal Pattern
  • Fat-free flavored or unflavored or 1% or less unflavored milk
  • Nutrition standards for milk substitutes (e.g., soy beverages) are unchanged
  • Students may decline milk component under OVS

Note: These guidelines apply to Breakfast and Lunch

Fluid Milk

vegetables1
Vegetables
  • Daily lunch serving reflects variety over week
  • Vegetable subgroup weekly requirements for
    • Dark Green (e.g., broccoli, collard, mustard, kale greens, spinach)
    • Red/Orange (e.g., carrots, sweet potatoes, squash, beets, tomatoes, red peppers, pumpkin)
    • Beans/Peas (Legumes) (e.g., kidney beans, lentils, chickpeas, pintos, navy or northern beans, black beans, refried beans, vegetarian or baked beans, black eye peas, limas)
    • Starchy (e.g., corn, green peas, white potatoes)
    • Other (e.g., onions, green beans, cucumbers, lettuce, celery, cabbage)
    • Additional vegetables to meet 5 cup weekly total
vegetables cont d
Vegetables (cont’d)
  • Variety of preparation methods available
    • Fresh, frozen, and canned products
    • USDA Foods offers a variety of no salt added or lower sodium products
  • Changes in crediting of leafy greens: Uncooked leafy greens will credit as half of volume as served. Therefore, one cup of romaine lettuce is creditable as one half of a cup of vegetables.
  • Foods from the beans/peas (legumes) subgroup may be credited as a vegetable OR a meat alternate. However, schools may not offer one serving of beans and peas and count it toward both food components during the same meal.
lunch meal pattern3
Lunch Meal Pattern

The whole grains component requirements have varied implementation dates

lunch meal pattern4
Lunch Meal Pattern
  • Grain-Based Desserts Allowed
    • Two creditable grain-based desserts allowed at lunch per school week
    • Foods of minimal nutritional value may not be served
    • Take into consideration the contribution of desserts to the nutrition standards levels for each grade level
meat meat alternates
Meat/Meat Alternates

NEW:

  • 2.2 ounces (1/4 cup) of commercially prepared tofu, containing at least 5 grams of protein, is creditable as 1.0 ounce equivalent meat alternate. (SP 16- 2012)
  • ½ cup (4.0 fluid ounces) of soy yogurt is creditable as 1.0 ounce equivalent meat alternate. (SP 16- 2012)
lunch meal pattern6
Lunch Meal Pattern

Note: requirements apply to Breakfast and Lunch

slide38
Nutrition Standards for Breakfast and Lunch

Four standards will be reviewed for breakfast and lunch compliance

  • Weekly average requirements for:
    • Calories
    • Sodium
    • Saturated fat
  • Daily requirement for:
    • Trans fat

Note: No total fat requirement

calorie ranges
Calorie Ranges
  • Minimum and maximum calorie (kcal) levels
    • Average over course of the week
  • Effective SY 2012-13 for NSLP
  • Effective SY 2013-14 for SBP
sodium reduction
Sodium Reduction

Intermediate targets help schools reach final targets

  • Target 1: SY 2014-2015
  • Target 2: SY 2017-2018
  • Final Target: SY 2022-2023
saturated fat
Saturated Fat
  • Limit saturated fat
    • Less than 10 percent of total calories
    • Same as current regulatory standard
  • No total fat standard
nutrition standards trans fats
Nutrition Standards –Trans Fats
  • New trans fat requirement - trans fat is limited to naturally occurring in foods (mainly beef, lamb and dairy products made with whole milk)
  • Nutrition Facts Label or manufacturer’s specifications must state zero grams of trans fat per serving (less than 0.5 gram per serving) and is a daily requirement
  • Begins:
  • July 1, 2012 for Lunch
  • July 1, 2013 for Breakfast

FDACS FNW

offer versus serve
Offer Versus Serve
  • At lunch, must offer all 5 components and 1 or 2 may be declined (for 2012-13)
  • At breakfast (for 2014-15):
    • If school serves 3 components and 4 items (i.e., additional grain item or a meat/meat alternate), student may decline 1
    • If school serves the 3 components as 3 food items on any given day, student may not decline any items except ½ of the 1 cup fruit portion
offer vs serve
Offer vs. Serve
  • Effective July 1, 2012 students must select at least ½ cup of fruit or vegetable for reimbursable lunches
  • Effective July 1, 2014students must select at least ½ cup of fruit or vegetable for reimbursable breakfasts
  • Full component portions MUST be offered to students at each meal
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