University of Warwick ELTAM. Tilly Harrison Week 7 Concordances and Data-driven learning. Overview. Issues with corpora and concordancers Examples and tasks Problems arising Three types of data-driven learning Examples of exercise types Hands-on practice. Corpus Basics .
Concordances and Data-driven learning
Deep: of great intensity; extreme
Related: connected, associated
To - only preposition used
Often used to express emotions, impressions
to be in a particular situation, state, or place after a series of events, especially when you did not plan it
He came round for a coffee and we ended up in bed together.
I wondered where the pictures would end up after the auction.
end up doing something
Most slimmers end up putting weight back on.
end up with
Anyone who swims in the river could end up with a nasty stomach upset.
end up as
He could end up as President.
end up like
I don't want to end up like my parentsLongman (CD ROM) for ‘end up’
hat you will sometimes end up with unsaleable seats; we cost
edge. You are likely to end up with a patch of bare earth, but Will the public end up with no adult education? This
00 - and valuations and end up with nothing if somebody outbid
after Kentucky he could end up with egg all over his face. The
in the Bible, too. Some end up with more, some with less." And
two ways about it. You end up with a gun-law mentality.
`trial" will probably end up with Spurs getting 10 bonus basically you'll end up with chaos which is what's
his may mean `So we may end up with fewer people getting
ever know what you will end up with until it is too late. The
ot count coins, so they end up with a pocket full of change
t deadlock with John Barnes will end with the England star ex Ferguson that looks certain to end with him having to move
e a life could pass so fast and end with open circles. He
y is to be continued. It does not end with chart success for
t spate of horse-slashing may not end with a criminal convicti
der Herve Garel, will start and end with time trials, in
ughly rejuvenating morning will end with a healthy buffet
had not intended the offensive to end with the capture of
be his last journey, which would end with his death in 1873 w
Jensen, what went right?" and to end with the words, `Never mind, Mr Jensen, it's
he progress? [/h] [p] There isno doubt that important advance
of anti-stress therapy There'sno doubt that coming home with
ound on these stands, there isno doubt that Turner's painting
egnancy and birth [/h] There'sno doubt that facing pregnancy
oreign affairs chief. There isno doubt that the talks will be
ke fewer than ten There can beno doubt that the result is an
said -- none the less, he left no doubt that he was delighted
pressure to step down: There'sno doubt that the inconclusive
in the opinion polls. There'sno doubt that many people are
had given him away. There wasno doubt that he was clever. It
nevitable embroidery, there isno doubt that Haig played a ma
tful of our soldiers. There isno doubt that we have, in this
Discuss in small groups.
Many common content words may not be found even in a very large corpus.
The ideal corpus is made up of the texts your students need to read / write / say.
BUT a corpus of mainstream English (mass media) is adequate for teaching general EnglishCorpus Creation
Fill in the gaps with words from the list below.
abort, communist, culturally shared, digital, his officials, minor, mixtures of liquid and crystals, molten rock, people who struggled with O-level, silicon chips, speed limits, worse,
1 on of TV, whether analogue or ____________, could offer better and bigger
2 stimates, whether better or ____________. Taking the best possible outcome of
3 ocieties, whether capitalist or ____________, have given only lukewarm
4 he melts, whether completely liquid or ____________, would fl
5 ndustry), whether he or ____________ had seen the recent Channel 4 programme
6 crucial. Whether idiosyncratic or ____________, they inform and mediate ou
7 y address whether load or ____________ should be adjusted for the machine's
8 isorder - whether major or ____________ - if nothing can be done about the
9 fluids - whether oil, water or ____________ - seep through rocks where
10 people - whether professional scientists or ____________
11 made of, whether protoplasm or ____________, but how the material is
12 to choose whether to attempt or ____________ a pregnancy; they would make the
Look carefully at the following citations from New Scientist. What do they have in common?
ena from more dubious data, we propose that they should be renamed "UAPs", for unidentifie
hen his advisory committee recommended that last year Depo-Provera should get a licence. C
eir drinking water. The EEC recommends that tap water should not contain more than 5 micro
he scale of the problem. It recommends that the government should set a firm date for thes
olol. The Greenfield report recommends that prescrition forms should contain a box, which
f the road plan was the recommendation that for half its length it should be routed throug
h a name for the strategy. He suggests that the term "porpoising" should be used to descri
put an absolute veto on-any suggestion that Post Office canvassers should be remunerated b
Now look at the following citations. How are they different from citations 1) - 8)? Can you explain the difference?
sed, and with it, speed. They proposed that Harward create a super-track tuned to hum
ed voice: 'Then will somebody propose that this paper be rejected irrespective of it con
under review. An HSE document proposes that GMAG be turned into ACGM - an Advisory
apolis. They said: "......we recommend that the dose of benoxaprofen be decreased
mistic. The committee also recommended that the government clarify the rules covering the
sing plants breaks down. It recommends that France take a second look at following the
h. The coordianting committee suggests that the appeal panel ask why this change has been
of the University of Bristol, suggests that a group of babies be trained to use a "baby-
What's the missing word?
infected people are prone to almost infection that happens to
that plasticity would have scarcely influence on failure in th
those who would like to see hardly movement at all. Harold
have, it is to be assumed, little if relevance to the actual,
ovember. He did not, however, detect pulses. The newly-discovered
What's the missing word? Choose from the list below.
Nouns : agreement, announcement, assurances, comment, proof, suggestion, warning
AN team does give them a ___________ that another Richter-7 earthquake is due in 7 or 11
ints could strengthen the ___________ that Britain needs to frame more acceptable noise l
schemes require detailed ___________ that applications for grants are soundly based, the
"We shall need cast iron ___________ that the work does not leak abroad," said Jenkin. T
t, 10 March, p 630). Your ___________ that the central thesis of my lecture does not stan
Last week's ___________ that a gigantic cloud of dark gas has been found in
e main network. Serpell's ___________ that this line should close could cost British Rail
e well. There was general ___________ that the struggle began much earlier -in the school