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Ethiopia Now. Location and Size. Ethiopia is located in Africa. Ethiopia is landlocked meaning it has no bordering bodies of water. The countries that border Ethiopia include Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan, and Djibouti.

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location and size
Location and Size
  • Ethiopia is located in Africa.
  • Ethiopia is landlocked meaning it has no bordering bodies of water.
  • The countries that border Ethiopia include Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan, and Djibouti.
  • The size is about 426,371 sq mi, with a total population of 79.2 million people.

Capital and major cities Major CityPopulation1. Addis Ababa* 2,757,7292. Dire Dawa 252,2793. Nazret 213,9954. Bahir Dar 168,8995. Gonder 153,9146.Dese 136,0567.Awasa 133,0978.Jima 128,3069.Debre Zeyit 104,21510.Kombolcha 93,605*-Capital

national flag and song
National Flag and Song

The national song of Ethiopia is “Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya” and it was written by Dereje Melaku Mengesha

important landmarks
Important Landmarks
  • Rivers- The five major rivers of Ethiopia include the Awash, the Jubba, the Omo, the Nile, and the Shebelle river.
  • Mountains- The most well known mountain range in Ethiopia is the Ethiopian Highlands, the tallest mountain being 4,620 meters tall, Ras Dashen
  • Others- Some other major

landmarks include the Great

Rift Valley, Lake Tana, and

the Danakil Depression.

  • Ethiopia’s climate is very varying due to its location in the tropical zone.
  • There is often rain followed by droughts, monsoons, and violent thunderstorms in the summer.
  • The average yearly temperature is about 61 degrees.
  • Typical highs in Ethiopia range from 68 to 77 degrees, while typical lows range from 41 to 50 degrees.
economy and currency
Economy and Currency
  • Ethiopia has a very poverty-stricken government that is dependent upon agriculture.
  • Agriculture makes up 85% of Ethiopia’s exports and is responsible for employing 80% of the population.
  • The reason for its struggle is because of droughts and insufficient cultivating techniques.
  • The currency of Ethiopia is the Birr for cash, and the santim for coins.
major crops exports and resources
Major Crops, Exports, and Resources
  • Crops- A variety of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and coffee. Grains are the

most important crops and a key

element in the diet of most Ethiopians.

  • Exports- Coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds.
  • Natural Resources- small reserves

of gold, platinum, copper, potash,

natural gas, hydropower.

type head of government
Type/Head of Government
  • Ethiopia’s government is a federal democratic republic, meaning it’s a government where the citizens have an impact.
  • Their government, much like ours, is broken into three branches: the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch.
  • On August 22nd, 1995, Ethiopia’s constitution was put into place, splitting the country into nine regions and giving universal suffrage.
  • In Ethiopia, there is both a president, GirmaWolde-Giorgis, and a prime minister, Meles Zenawi
culture and language
Culture and Language
  • Ethiopia is made up of about 70 different ethnic groups, most being very minute.
  • The most prominent group, making up 40%, is the Oromo, mostly found in the southern regions of Ethiopia.
  • The politically dominant ethnic groups, Amhara and Tigrean, make up 32%.
  • Although there are many different languages, the national language of Ethiopia is Amharic. Its roots are found from Arabic, Hebrew and Assyrian.
educational system
Educational System
  • In the 1970’s, the percentage of illiterate Ethiopians was above 90%.
  • After this time an emphasis was put on educational funding.
  • By using 13% of the national budget for education, the illiteracy rate to about 61% by 2000.
  • Ethiopia continues to put an emphasis

on education, continually decreasing

the illiteracy rate, but now only spending

4.3% of its budget.

  • In Ethiopia, the majority of the people are Christian, with a large minority of Muslim, about 25 to 40%.
  • Most of Ethiopia’s Muslims are Sunnis, members of the largest division of Islam.
  • It is said that the Prophet Mohammed instructed his followers to protect and respect all Ethiopians.
  • Some other religious groups of Ethiopia include the Felesha Jewish community, and the Animists, but both are rare today.
places to visit
Places to Visit
  • One important place to visit in Ethiopia is Lalibela. Click here for a video on it.
  • Also, Ethiopia is filled with many fascinating scenes of nature such as the Nile, the Denekil Depression, the Great Rift Valley.
  • Some cities worth visiting include Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.
fun facts
Fun Facts
  • The name "Ethiopia" derives from the Greek ethio, meaning "burned" and pia, meaning "face": the land of burned-faced peoples.
  • Ethiopia is thought to be the place of origin for human beings. The oldest known skeleton, Lucy, was found there.
  • An Ethiopian year consists of 13 months.
  • Ethiopia’s alphabet contains 33 letters and 7 characters for each letter.