Ethiopia. Anthony Pratt, Sarah Erkson, and Annie Kennedy. General Facts. Population = 85,237,338 Life expectancy at birth = ~55 years old Literacy Rate Male: 50.3% Female: 35.1%. History. Oldest Human Settlement Lucy(Australopithecus) was discovered 1974 in Awash Valley, Ethiopia
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Anthony Pratt, Sarah Erkson, and Annie Kennedy
with the average temperature rarely exceeding 68 F.
Natural Resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
Current Environmental Issues: Deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, water shortages, intensive farming and poor management.
A large split in the landscape from two tectonic plates separating
Large complex divergent plate boundary on the Eastern side of Africa. Total distance of 3,000 km.
Remarkable region of volcanic lakes, with a famous collection of birds.
GDP(official exchange rate)- 25.08 billion (2008 est.)
GDP per capita- $800 (2008 est.)
Natural resources- small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, natural gas, hydropower.
Industries- food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, cement.
Imports- food and live animals, petroleum, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles.
Exports- coffee, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds.
They do not eat meat and dairy products on fasting days, Wednesdays and Fridays.
Church is held daily in all Tewahedo Churches from early morning to three o’clock PM.
Only one meal can be eaten each day of fasting, usually occurring after three o’clock
Christmas falls on December 29,and New Years fall on September 11(the first month of the year is September and the last is Pagumiene which comes after August.
Recently, 35 Ethiopians were arrested for allegedly plotting to overthrow the Ethiopian government.
The government claims that these people were all part of an opposition group called Ginbot Seven.
This opposition group was founded by the exiled mayor of Addis Abba, Berhanu Nega.
After the most recent Ethiopian election (2005), Nega was tried for treason and sentenced to life in prison before being pardoned and released.