Grammar of English: Introduction. Eng 314 26 August 2013. Goals. Be able to determine the category of each word in a text. Be able to find the major phrases in a sentence and their functions (again in any text).
26 August 2013
This course is unlike many other English classes. You don't have to read a lot but you need to practice! For that reason, you need to come to class as well and there will be lots of assessment.
History of Tree diagramming
Order of adjectives (more next time)
Comparing the syntax of English and ?? by looking at a translation
Measuring function words:
Create a Grammar Game
(1) a nice person, a treasure
(2) an object, an artist
(3) ovrite, cham
(4) a union, a university
(5) a house, a hospital
(6) an uncle
(9) Drunk Gets Ten Months In Cello Case.
(10) Eye drops off shelf.
(11) British left waffles on Falkland Islands.
(13) Speaker A: I just saw someone carrying a monkey and an elephant go into the circus.
Speaker B: Wow, that someone must be pretty strong.
(14) Flying planes can be dangerous.
More on this after the ppt
What is the knowledge of language?
How do we acquire it (as kids)?
How did the species get to have it?
(Scottish English, Western Navajo, etc)
The set of rules that we acquire enables us to produce sentences that we have never heard before. These sentences can also be infinitely long (if we have the time and energy).
What people do – what books say
Examples of prescriptive rules
real as adverb; like as conjunct, etc
What is grammar?
What do we know?
Now a little more on hierarchies, p. 4