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The Basic Nutrients - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Basic Nutrients. Vitamins. Vitamins. Are found in nearly all foods in the food pyramid Do not provide Energy, by are essential because Regulate body chemistry and body functions. Vitamins. Must be Ingested or Eaten

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vitamins
Vitamins
  • Are found in nearly all foods in the food pyramid
  • Do not provide Energy, by are essential because
  • Regulate body chemistry and body functions.
vitamins1
Vitamins
  • Must be Ingested or Eaten
  • Assist the body in bringing about biochemical reactions so life can be maintained.
two groups of vitamins
Fat Soluble

ADEK

Transported through the body and stored in fat

Too much causes toxic overdose

Excess Stored

Water Soluble

B & C

Transported through body and and dissolved in water.

Too little keeps body from operating at capacity.

Excess Excreted

Two Groups of Vitamins
vitamin a
Vitamin A
  • Fat Soluble
  • Carotene converts to Vitamin A
  • Good for Vision Growth and nerves
  • Liver, Yellow fruits and vegetables, oranges, pears broccoli
  • Prevents Night blindness, poor eyesight, poor skin and hair
vitamin d
Vitamin D
  • Fat Soluble
  • Strong Bones and Teeth
  • Sources, Milk, Sun Fish Oil
  • Prevents Rickets
vitamin e
Vitamin E
  • Fat Soluble
  • Helps body use energy foods
  • Antioxidant
  • Cell Membranes
  • Sources Green leafy vegetables, fruits grains liver, oil fat
  • Slowdown aging, cancer and hear disease
  • Overdose causes blurred vision nausea dizziness
vitamin k
Vitamin K
  • Fat Soluble
  • Assists with Blood Clotting
  • From Dark Green Vegetables, cabbage, liver, cauliflower
  • Prevents Hemorrhaging
vitamin c
Vitamin C
  • Water Soluble
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Build bones and teeth and blood
  • Aids in healing
  • Fights Infection
  • Forms Collagen
  • Found in Citrus Fruits, Cantaloupe, strawberries, pineapple
  • Prevents Scurvy
b vitamins
B Vitamins
  • B1 Thiamin
  • B2 Riboflavin
  • Niacin
  • Folic Acid
  • B6 Pyridoxine
  • B12 Cobalamin
b1 thiamine
B1 Thiamine
  • Nerve Tissue, digestive system, appetite, energy
  • Sources, Milk, grains, poultry, fish, dried beans
  • Prevents beriberi
b2 riboflavin
B2 Riboflavin
  • Water Soluble
  • Growth, Nerves Digestion, works with protein
  • From milk, grains, green vegetables, meat, fish
  • Prevents Premature aging, chellosis
niacin
Niacin
  • Nerves, Tissues, Digestive System
  • From Milk Grains, dates Poultry fish
  • Prevents Pellagra
folic acid
Folic Acid
  • Works with B12 and red blood cells
  • Reduces neural tube damage and birth defects
  • From Oranges, green vegetables, grains, meats and eggs.
  • Prevents Anemia
b6 pyridoxine
B6 Pyridoxine
  • Hemoglobin overall good health
  • Found in Meat vegetables and bananas
  • Brain and nerve cells the function and make new blood cells
vitamin b12 cobalamin
Vitamin B12 Cobalamin
  • Generation of DNA cells, bone marrow and red blood cells
  • From Milk Eggs Mean Fruit and vegetables
  • Prevents anemia, damage to intestines