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Antoni Gaudi1852-1926 Most celebrated Spanish architect Hampered by Spanish politics of his time, still gained international recognition
Early Life • As a young boy, ill with rheumatic fever, spent time alone with nature. • Incorporated natural themes and shapes into his works. • Received his architect’s diploma at age 36. • Signing his title diploma, the college leader said, “Who knows if we have given this diploma to a nut or to a genius. Time will tell.”
El Capricho de Comillas 1883-1885 -A recreational villa built In the shape of a horseshoe
Casa Calvert 1898-1899
Street lights 1910; torn down 1924 Designed during a rest period needed because people did not like his work
Lamp Posts in Barcelona, Spain
Palacio Episcopal de Astorga 1889-1893
Casa Batllo House of Bones
The Cathedral of the SagradaFamilia • Gaudi, a devout Catholic, devoted his life to building this cathedral. • 18 towers: Jesus, 12 apostles, 4 evangelists, Mary • Run over by a tram, taken to hospital for poor, refused to leave, died at 73. • Buried in midst of Cathedral.
His plans for the Cathedral were destroyed by anarchists during the Spanish Civil War in 1938. • 2007 was the date set for the completion, but the plan was not the same. • Still under construction in 2009.
Art Nouveau Summary • What is the meaning of the name “art nouveau”? • New art • What are the characteristics of art nouveau? • Curves, color, nature-based, no shading • Who is the Spanish art nouveau architect? • Antoni Gaudi • What is his most famous building? • The Cathedral of the SagradaFamilia in Barcelona (The Church of the Holy Family)