Basic biochemical processes of living organisms
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Basic Biochemical Processes of Living Organisms - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Basic Biochemical Processes of Living Organisms. Biochemical Processes. Biochemical processes are chemical processes that occur in living things.

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Biochemical processes
Biochemical Processes

  • Biochemical processes are chemical processes that occur in living things.

  • All organisms need both energy and raw materials (atoms and molecules) to carry on the internal biochemical processes that are essential for survival.

  • Two of these enzyme controlled processes are photosynthesis and respiration.


  • Photosynthesis is the process by which energy is stored in chemical bonds of organic molecules such as carbohydrates.

  • Plants, algae, and many single-celled organisms carry out photosynthesis


  • Respiration is the process by which chemical energy stored in nutrients is used by the cells.

  • All living organisms carry out respiration.

Storing energy photosynthesis
Storing Energy - Photosynthesis

  • The energy for life comes from the sun.

  • Photosynthesis is the connection between the energy released by the sun and the energy available to living things.

  • The cells of plants contain light capturing molecules called chloroplast, which are green-colored organelles where photosynthesis occurs.

Storing energy photosynthesis1
Storing Energy - Photosynthesis

  • All plants, algae, and one celled organisms use solar energy to convert inorganic molecules (carbon dioxide and water) into any one of several energy-rich organic compounds.

  • One such organic compound is the sugar glucose – a simple carbohydrate.

What happens to the sugar produced by photosynthesis
What happens to the sugar produced by photosynthesis?

  • Plant cells use organic compounds (such as glucose) from photosynthesis in two ways.

    • Their primary use is to generate ATP molecules during cellular respiration.

    • Glucose is also used as a raw material for building more complex molecules.

Using glucose to produce atp molecules
Using Glucose to Produce ATP Molecules

  • One way plants (and animals) use glucose is to generate high energy molecules known as ATP.

  • This process occurs during cellular respiration.

  • Energy stored in the chemical bonds of ATP molecules is the source for almost all life processes from obtaining, transforming, transporting materials to eliminating waste

Using glucose to produce atp molecules1
Using Glucose to Produce ATP Molecules

  • Because cell processes actually run on ATP (rather than glucose), the transfer of energy from Glucose to ATP is essential to both plants and the organisms that consume them.

  • All organisms, not just plants and animals, use organic food compounds to supply the ATP energy they need to live.