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Living organisms. INTERACTIVE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS. The answers are provided. Explanations of why the alternatives are unsatisfactory are also offered.

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living organisms
Living organisms

INTERACTIVE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

The answers are provided. Explanations of why the alternatives are unsatisfactory are also offered

slide2

These multiple choice questions are similar to the ones set by the GCSE and IGCSE Examination Boards except that, in some cases, there may be more than one acceptable answer.

For this reason, even if you select a correct answer at your first attempt, it is worth looking at all the alternatives

(a) to see if there is a better answer and

(b) to see why some of the alternatives are unacceptable.

First slide

question 1
Question 1

One of the characteristics of living organisms is that they all respire. Respiration is…

(a) obtaining oxygen by breathing

(b) obtaining energy from sunlight

(c) obtaining energy by chemically breaking down food

(d) breaking down large molecules to smaller molecules by digestion

Question 2

slide4

No

‘Breathing’ is the method by which most animals obtain oxygen from their surroundings (air or water). It is not a characteristic of all living organisms.

slide5

No

Only plants can obtain energy from sunlight

slide6

Yes

Nearly all living organisms obtain their energy by breaking down food substances either aerobically (with the use of oxygen) or anaerobically (without oxygen)

C6H12O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy

Aerobic respiration

C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 + energy

Anaerobic respiration (alcoholic fermentation)

slide7

No

Breaking down large molecules by digestion uses energy rather than releasing it and is a property of animals, fungi and bacteria

question 2
Question 2

1cm

a

These animals are all classsed as …

(a) insects

(b) spiders

1cm

(c) invertebrates

.05mm

(d) arachnids

c

b

Question 3

slide9

No

Insects have three pairs of legs. These organisms all have four pairs

slide10

No

c is a spider but a is a scorpion and b is a mite

slide11

No

They are invertebrates, but so are worms, molluscs, crustacea etc. ‘Invertebrate’ is a descriptive term not a classification

slide12

Yes

a is a scorpion, b is a mite and c is a spider

question 3
Question 3

The classificatory term ‘Mustela erminea’, refers to…

(a) a Species

(b) a Class

(c) an Order

(d) a Genus

Question 4

slide14

Yes

The ‘double-barrelled’ name ‘Mustela erminia’ indicates that this is a species of animal, namely, the stoat

slide15

No

This animal is a stoat and its Class is Mammalia (the mammals)

slide16

No

The animal is a stoat which belongs to the Order Carnivora (the carnivores).

slide17

No

The Genus is ‘Mustela’

Mustela erminea is the stoat

Mustela nivalis is the weasel and

Mustela putoria is the polecat

question 4
Question 4

Which of the following is a defining characteristic of mammals?

(a) They maintain a constant body temperature, above that of their surroundings (‘warm blooded’)

(b) Their young are born alive

(c) They suckle their young

(d) They have four limbs

Question 5

slide19

No

Mammals do maintain a constant body temperature above that of their surroundings but so do birds

slide20

No

Live birth is a mammalian characteristic but it is not exclusive to mammals. Some reptiles (e.g. chameleons), some fish (e.g.guppies) and even some insects (e.g. aphids) give birth to living young

slide21

Yes

Suckling their young on milk is an exclusive mammalian characteristic

slide22

No

Amphibia, reptiles and birds also have four limbs

question 5
Question 5

A fish obtains its oxygen from ….

(a) the O of H2O

(b) the oxygen dissolved in water

(c) the air

(d) its food

Question 6

slide24

No

Fish are unable to decompose water to release oxygen

slide25

Yes

It is atmospheric oxygen dissolved in water that the fish uses

slide26

No

There are certain fish, (called. ‘lung fish’) which live in poorly oxygenated waters, that can get some of their oxygen from atmospheric air but they are a small minority

slide27

No

Fish do not get oxygen from their food

question 6
Question 6

Which of the following features adapt a bird for flight?

(a) Hollow bones

(b) Wings

(c) Powerful pectoral muscles

(d) Feathers

Question 7

slide29

Yes

Hollow bones reduce the bird’s weight

slide30

No

Birds’ wings are essential for flight not an adaptation to flight. Without wings there is no flight*

* Nevertheless, if asked to list a bird’s adaptations to flight, it might be expedient to include ‘wings’

slide31

Yes

The development of large, powerful pectoral muscles is an adaptation to flight. These are the muscles which move the wings during flapping flight

slide32

No

Only a small proportion of feathers contribute to flight. Even flightless birds have feathers.

question 7
Question 7

An example of sensitivity in plants is …

(a) germination of seeds

(b) seed dispersal

(c) wilting

(d) phototropism

Question 8

slide34

No

Admittedly, most seeds need water before they will germinate but this is essential for germination to take place rather than a response to a stimulus

slide35

No

Many forms of seed dispersal need specific conditions but these are not the same as a ‘stimulus’

slide36

No

Wilting takes place when a plant loses more water than it is absorbing. It is not a response to a stimulus

slide37

Yes

Phototropism is a response to a stimulus. The stimulus is light coming from one side of the plant and the response is a growth movement towards the light source

question 8
Question 8

Chlamydomonas

These microscopic organisms (not drawn to the same scale) are all members of the Kingdom …

Euglena

Amoeba

(a) Monera

(b) Protozoa

Vorticella

(c) Protophyta

Paramecium

(d) Protoctista

Question 9

slide39

No

The Kingdom Monera includes bacteria and blue-green algae

slide40

No

The term ‘Protozoa’ refers to the one-celled organisms that feed like animals i.e, take in sold food and digest it. Amoeba, Paramecium and Vorticella are Protozoa, but Protozoa do not constitute a Kingdom

slide41

No

The term ‘Protophyta’ describes those single-celled organisms that feed like plants, i.e. they contain chloroplasts and make their food by photosynthesis. Chlamydomonas and Euglena are examples of Protophyta but the Protophyta do not constitute a Kingdom

slide42

Yes

'The Kingdom Protoctista includes all the single-celled organisms that are not bacteria or blue-green algae

question 9
Question 9

Fungi get their food by…

(a) absorbing nutrients from the soil

(b) secreting enzymes and reabsorbing the digested products

(c) ingesting other organisms and digesting them

(d) making their food during photosynthesis

Question 10

slide44

No

Not all fungi live in the soil. Though the soil may contain mineral ions it does not contain any nutrients.

slide45

Yes

Fungi secrete enzymes into their surroundings (e.g. soil or decaying organic matter). The enzymes digest the organic matter and the soluble products are absorbed into the fungal hyphae

slide46

No

Fungi do not ingest other organisms

slide47

No

Fungi do not contain chlorophyll and are therefore unable to make their food by photosynthesis

question 10
Question 10

Growth takes place as a result of …

(a) cell division

(b) intake of food

(c) increase in mass

(d) increase in size

slide49

No

Cell division usually contributes to growth but growth does not result solely from cell division.

For example, the frog’s egg cell undergoes rapid and repeated cell division but does not increase in size or mass

Single cell

32 cells

It must also be remembered that single-celled organisms grow without cell division

slide50

No

Organisms must have food in order to grow but there may be periods in their lives where all the food is needed to provide energy and no growth can take place. Intake of food does not, therefore, necessarily result in growth

slide51

Yes

An increase in mass results in growth. It is usually accompanied by an increase in size

slide52

No

Increase in size usually accompanies growth but unless there is a corresponding increase in mass it cannot be called growth. For example a butterfly emerging from a pupa increases its size but there is no increase in mass

Pupa

Butterfly

slide53

End of questions

Back to start

End show