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Lake Chad. Orrin Babcock. Location. lakechad.gif. Area 10,000 – 25,000 km 2 Inflow from the Logone-Chari river system Freshwater Closed system. Max depth of 10-11m 4-8m in the North 2-4m in the South 1/20 of its original size . Logone-Chari river system.

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lake chad

Lake Chad

Orrin Babcock

location
Location

lakechad.gif

slide3
Area 10,000 – 25,000 km2

Inflow from the Logone-Chari river system

Freshwater

Closed system

Max depth of 10-11m

4-8m in the North

2-4m in the South

1/20 of its original size

industries of lake chad basin
Industries of Lake Chad Basin

Manufacturing

Fish Market / Fisheries

Leather Industry

Cotton Spinning

brewing, machinery, milling and food industry

industries cont
Industries Cont.

Agriculture

Soda Mining

Millet

Cassava

Also:

Groundnut, sorghum, maize, rice, onions, tomatoes, cotton

Soda

biodiversity of lake chad
Biodiversity of Lake Chad

Blackcrowned Crane

Kuri Cattle

Alestes baremoze

A. dentex

Papyrus

slide9

https://earthkam.ucsd.edu/ek-images/investigating_images/chadhttps://earthkam.ucsd.edu/ek-images/investigating_images/chad

lake chad once upon a time the vulnerability of africa s shrinking lake
Lake Chad, once upon a time: The vulnerability of Africa’s shrinking Lake
  • Main causes for shrinkage:
    • Climate
    • Overgrazing / Desertification
    • Irrigation
climate change
Over grazing

Deforestation

Desertification

Leads to

Drifting sand dunes

More sediments in lake

Climate Change

http://peakwater.org

irrigation
Irrigation
  • Diverts water from Lake Chad as well as the Logone-Chari river system which feeds the lake.
  • 20 million people live in the LCB (Lake Chad Basin) and rely on irrigation for agriculture

Irrigation Canal

Flood Irrigation

minor cause
Minor Cause
  • Lack of Government funding / attention
    • devote a meager part of budgets for management
    • more concerned with short-term subjects
proposed solutions
Proposed Solutions
  • Empowerment of the Commission (LCBC)
    • Regulate and control the utilization of water and other resources within the basin.
  • Lake Chad Replenishment Project (LCRP)
    • transfer water from Oubangui River
    • Dam at Palambo
    • Navigable canal of about 100-150 km to Lake

Chad

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Educate the people of the area
  • Have the Basin Govt’s work together
  • The future of the Lake depends on how well recovery projects are implemented.