Domestic Stuff 1945-1991. Serviceman’s Readjustment Act of 1944 Helped veterans WWII Established hospitals Provided low-income mortgages Granted stipends for college and trade schools. The G.I. Bill.
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During Eisenhower’s presidency (1953-1961), Country as a whole experienced economic growth, with stable inflation and employment rates
Stereotypical view of the 1950s consists of teenager sipping ice cream malts and dancing at the sock hop and men in grey flannel suits coming home to a pipe, newspaper, and beautiful wife after work
Another group of nonconformists rocked Greenwich Village area of NYC with their poetry and wild culture
Segregation and discrimination nothing new in America, social climate was changing
As early as mid-1940s, NAACP began challenging segregation in Southern colleges, making modest gains in breaking down walls of segregation. Not until organization found test case did any real progress take place
December 11, 1955: Rosa Parks, recent volunteer for local chapter of NAACP, refused to give up her seat to white man on bus
MLK and Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) took torch from bus boycott and began to challenge more Jim Crow Laws in Alabama and other Southern cities
Greensboro, North Carolina became stage for new king of protest in 1960: local college and high school students entered local drugstore and sat at whites-only lunch counter, refusing to leave until they were served
Became president in 1960 election, despite being Roman Catholic, and was youngest president in history
For first 2 years of presidency, JFK sat by while Civil Rights Movement gained momentum
1962: JFK sent in federal marshals to protect University of Mississippi student James Meredith as he attended classes on the once all-white campus
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated as he stood on a Memphis motel balcony in April, 1968.
As Johnson escalated American commitment to war, peace movement grew
As 1950s became 1960s, America’s “baby-boomers” were now teenagers hoping to break away from conformity that their parents subscribed to
JFK’s younger brother Robert decided to continue Kennedy legacy and entered race for president in 1968
At various times, Nixon abused his power as executive by claiming a right to protect documents from Congress and refusing to spend funds appropriated by Congress by “impounding” them
Nixon struggled to gain legitimacy after his slim victory in 1968 election, Nixon presidency was damaged beyond repair, however, after the election of 1972
Black Power Movement, Feminist Movement, Anti-war Movement, Environmental Reform, Chicanos and Native Americans, Reproductive Rights, Gay Liberation, Sexual Revolution
Radical African American groups rose up as many blacks grew tired of the “love thy enemy” rhetoric of Dr. King
Counterculture led to sexual revolution in which America’s views regarding sexual relationships and gender roles softened