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BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level II Curriculum. Headstrong: Sport Psychology and Mental Skills Training. Objectives. Review the origins and development of sport psychology and mental skills training from inception to present.

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

Objectives

  • Review the origins and development of sport psychology and mental skills training from inception to present.
  • Dispel myths associated with sport psychology and mental skills training.
  • Define sport psychology, mental skills training and clinical versus educational sport psychologist.
slide4

Objectives

  • Understand the objectives of sport psychology and mental skills training.
  • Define various methods and skill within sport psychology and mental skills training.
  • Understand the role of sport psychology and mental skills training within a holistic training program.
slide5

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 1 – The Early Years
      • 1895 – 1920
        • Norman Triplett
slide6

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 2 – The Griffith Era
      • 1921 – 1938
        • First Academic Sports Psychology Laboratory at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
        • Psychology of Coaching
        • Psychology of Athletics
slide7

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 3 – Preparation for the Future
      • 1939 – 1969
        • Franklin Henry
          • 1938: Establishes graduate program in Psychology of Physical Activity
        • 1965: First World Congress of Sport Psychology
slide8

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 4 – Establishment of Academic Sport Psychology
      • 1966 – 1977
        • Bruce Ogilvie
        • Applied Sport Psychology Consultants
        • First Annual NASPSPA Conference
slide9

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology
      • 1978 – 2000
        • Global Growth
        • Applied Issues
        • Qualitative Studies
        • Exercise Psychology
slide10

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology
      • 1978 – 2000
        • 1979: Journal of Sport Psychology Established
        • 1985:USOC hires first full-time sports psychologist
        • 1986: American Association of Applied Sport Psychologists (AAASP)
slide11

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology
      • 1978 – 2000
        • 1987: APA Division 47 Developed
        • 1989: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology
        • 1991: AAASP establishes “certified consultant” designation
slide12

History

  • Periods of Development
    • Period 6 – Contemporary Sport and Exercise Psychology
      • 2001 – Present
        • Training and Educating Students
        • Exercise Psychology Flourishes
        • APA Div. 47 – Sport Psychology as a Specialized Competency Area
slide13

PST Vs MST

  • Psychological (PST) Vs. Mental Skills Training (MST)
      • Used interchangeably
      • Possible negative connotation with PST
      • Use of term Mental Skills Training can eliminate negative perceptions
      • Opens door to larger client pool
slide14

Myths

  • Psychological Skills Training (PST) is for “problem” athletes only.
  • PST is for elite training only.
  • PST provides “quick fix” solutions.
  • PST is not useful.
slide15

What is Sport Psychology?

  • The scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and the practical application of that knowledge.
slide16

What is the objective of Sport Psychologists?

  • Two Objectives
    • Understand the effects of psychological factors on physical or motor performance.
      • How does anxiety affect free throw shooting?
    • Understand the effects of physical activity participation on psychological development, health and well being.
      • Does running reduce anxiety and depression?
slide17

What is the objective of Sport Psychologists?

  • Why?
    • To understand and help
  • Who?
    • Elite athletes, children, persons who are physically or mentally disabled, seniors and average participants
  • What?
    • Achieve maximum participation, peak performance, personal satisfaction, and development through participation.
slide18

What is the objective of Sport Psychologists?

  • How?
    • Three Roles
      • Teaching
      • Consulting
      • Research
    • Two Specialties
      • Clinical Sport Psychologist
        • Treat clients with emotional disorders
      • Educational Sport Psychologist
        • Mental Coaches
slide19

What is Mental Skills Training?

  • Systematic and consistent practice of mental skills for the purpose of enhancing performance, increasing enjoyment, or achieving greater sport and physical activity self-satisfaction.
slide20

What is the Objective of Mental Skills Training?

  • To assist sport participants in the development of mental skills to achieve performance success and personal well-being.
  • To have athletes effectively function on their own without needing constant direction from a coach or sport psychologist.
slide21

Why is MST Important?

  • “Baseball is ninety percent mental. The other half is physical.”
  • -Yogi Berra, Hall of Fame Catcher
slide22

Why is MST Important?

  • Mental Toughness
    • Focus
    • Rebound from failure
    • Cope with pressure
    • Persist
    • Realize internal locus of control
slide23

Why is MST Neglected?

  • Three Basic Reasons
    • Lack of Knowledge
    • Misunderstanding About Mental Skills
    • Lack of Time
slide24

Skills Vs. Methods

  • Skills
    • Qualities to be obtained
  • Methods
    • Procedures or techniques used to develop skills
slide25

MST Methods

  • Arousal Regulation
  • Imagery
  • Goal Setting
  • Attention/Concentration
slide26

Skill Categories

  • Foundation
    • Achievement Drive
    • Self-Awareness
    • Productive Thinking
    • Self-Confidence
  • Performance
    • Perceptual-Cognitive Skill
    • Attentional Focus
    • Energy Management
slide27

Skill Categories

  • Personal Development
    • Identity Achievement
    • Interpersonal Competence
  • Team
    • Leadership
    • Communication
    • Cohesion
    • Team Confidence
slide28

Summary

  • Sport Psychology since 1895
  • Myths
  • Clinical Vs. Educational Sport Psychologist
  • Definitions & Objectives
  • Methods and Skills
  • Holistic Training Program
slide29

Resources

  • Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2007). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
  • Williams, J. M. (Ed.). (2006). Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance(5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.