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BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level II Curriculum
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  1. BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level II Curriculum

  2. Headstrong: Sport Psychology and Mental Skills Training

  3. Objectives • Review the origins and development of sport psychology and mental skills training from inception to present. • Dispel myths associated with sport psychology and mental skills training. • Define sport psychology, mental skills training and clinical versus educational sport psychologist.

  4. Objectives • Understand the objectives of sport psychology and mental skills training. • Define various methods and skill within sport psychology and mental skills training. • Understand the role of sport psychology and mental skills training within a holistic training program.

  5. History • Periods of Development • Period 1 – The Early Years • 1895 – 1920 • Norman Triplett

  6. History • Periods of Development • Period 2 – The Griffith Era • 1921 – 1938 • First Academic Sports Psychology Laboratory at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign • Psychology of Coaching • Psychology of Athletics

  7. History • Periods of Development • Period 3 – Preparation for the Future • 1939 – 1969 • Franklin Henry • 1938: Establishes graduate program in Psychology of Physical Activity • 1965: First World Congress of Sport Psychology

  8. History • Periods of Development • Period 4 – Establishment of Academic Sport Psychology • 1966 – 1977 • Bruce Ogilvie • Applied Sport Psychology Consultants • First Annual NASPSPA Conference

  9. History • Periods of Development • Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology • 1978 – 2000 • Global Growth • Applied Issues • Qualitative Studies • Exercise Psychology

  10. History • Periods of Development • Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology • 1978 – 2000 • 1979: Journal of Sport Psychology Established • 1985:USOC hires first full-time sports psychologist • 1986: American Association of Applied Sport Psychologists (AAASP)

  11. History • Periods of Development • Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology • 1978 – 2000 • 1987: APA Division 47 Developed • 1989: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology • 1991: AAASP establishes “certified consultant” designation

  12. History • Periods of Development • Period 6 – Contemporary Sport and Exercise Psychology • 2001 – Present • Training and Educating Students • Exercise Psychology Flourishes • APA Div. 47 – Sport Psychology as a Specialized Competency Area

  13. PST Vs MST • Psychological (PST) Vs. Mental Skills Training (MST) • Used interchangeably • Possible negative connotation with PST • Use of term Mental Skills Training can eliminate negative perceptions • Opens door to larger client pool

  14. Myths • Psychological Skills Training (PST) is for “problem” athletes only. • PST is for elite training only. • PST provides “quick fix” solutions. • PST is not useful.

  15. What is Sport Psychology? • The scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and the practical application of that knowledge.

  16. What is the objective of Sport Psychologists? • Two Objectives • Understand the effects of psychological factors on physical or motor performance. • How does anxiety affect free throw shooting? • Understand the effects of physical activity participation on psychological development, health and well being. • Does running reduce anxiety and depression?

  17. What is the objective of Sport Psychologists? • Why? • To understand and help • Who? • Elite athletes, children, persons who are physically or mentally disabled, seniors and average participants • What? • Achieve maximum participation, peak performance, personal satisfaction, and development through participation.

  18. What is the objective of Sport Psychologists? • How? • Three Roles • Teaching • Consulting • Research • Two Specialties • Clinical Sport Psychologist • Treat clients with emotional disorders • Educational Sport Psychologist • Mental Coaches

  19. What is Mental Skills Training? • Systematic and consistent practice of mental skills for the purpose of enhancing performance, increasing enjoyment, or achieving greater sport and physical activity self-satisfaction.

  20. What is the Objective of Mental Skills Training? • To assist sport participants in the development of mental skills to achieve performance success and personal well-being. • To have athletes effectively function on their own without needing constant direction from a coach or sport psychologist.

  21. Why is MST Important? • “Baseball is ninety percent mental. The other half is physical.” • -Yogi Berra, Hall of Fame Catcher

  22. Why is MST Important? • Mental Toughness • Focus • Rebound from failure • Cope with pressure • Persist • Realize internal locus of control

  23. Why is MST Neglected? • Three Basic Reasons • Lack of Knowledge • Misunderstanding About Mental Skills • Lack of Time

  24. Skills Vs. Methods • Skills • Qualities to be obtained • Methods • Procedures or techniques used to develop skills

  25. MST Methods • Arousal Regulation • Imagery • Goal Setting • Attention/Concentration

  26. Skill Categories • Foundation • Achievement Drive • Self-Awareness • Productive Thinking • Self-Confidence • Performance • Perceptual-Cognitive Skill • Attentional Focus • Energy Management

  27. Skill Categories • Personal Development • Identity Achievement • Interpersonal Competence • Team • Leadership • Communication • Cohesion • Team Confidence

  28. Summary • Sport Psychology since 1895 • Myths • Clinical Vs. Educational Sport Psychologist • Definitions & Objectives • Methods and Skills • Holistic Training Program

  29. Resources • Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2007). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. • Williams, J. M. (Ed.). (2006). Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance(5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

  30. Questions??