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BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level I Curriculum. Managing Risks In Sport Training & Fitness Programs for Athletes with Physical Disability. We would like to thank Dr. Jackie McParlane for her contributions to the content of this presentation. Program Objectives.

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blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum
BlazeSports Institute

for Applied Science

CDSS Level I Curriculum

slide3

We would like to thank Dr. Jackie McParlane for her contributions to the content of this presentation.

program objectives
Program Objectives
  • Identify risk factors in sport
  • Identify the process involved in Risk Management.
  • Identify the nine Legal Duties of coaches
program evaluation
Program EVALUATION

FINISHED FILES ARE

THE RESULTS

OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC

STUDY COMBINED

WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE

definitions
Definitions
  • Legal Liability – the responsibilities and duties between persons that are enforceable by the court
  • Negligence – failing to fulfill your legal duty
  • Contributory or Comparative Negligence
determining n egligence
Determining Negligence
  • Did you have a legal duty to the injured party?
  • Did you fail to fulfill that duty?
  • Was there injury to the party to whom you owed the duty?
  • Did your failure to fulfill the duty cause the injury?
what is the objective of risk management
WHAT IS THE OBJECTIVE OF risk management?

To produce the safest environment possible for your athletes and others and to avoid litigation.

slide9

PREVENTION

Who

Where

When

How

risk management process
risk management process
  • Identify the Risks
  • Evaluate the Risks
  • Select an Approach to Manage Risk
  • Implement the Approach
risk management process1
risk management process
  • Identify the Risks
  • Evaluate the Risks
  • Select an Approach to Manage Risk
  • Implement the Approach
risk management process2
risk management process
  • Identify the Risks
    • General Hazard Categories
      • Blood borne pathogens
      • Cardiac arrest
      • Child protection issues *
      • Heat related illness
      • Lightning safety
      • Sport related trauma (injury)
      • Vehicular accidents and injuries
risk management process3
risk management process
  • Identify the Risks
    • Program Specific Potential for Risk
      • What programs do you offer and what unique risks are involved?
risk management process4
risk management process
  • Identify the Risks
  • Evaluate the Risks
  • Select an Approach to Manage Risk
  • Implement the Approach
risk management process5
risk management process
  • Evaluate the Risks
    • Statutory Mandates
    • Industry Standards
    • Cost
    • Probability of Risk
    • Severity of Risk
risk management process6
risk management process
  • Identify the Risks
  • Evaluate the Risks
  • Select an Approach to Manage Risk
  • Implement the Approach
risk management process7
risk management process
  • Select an Approach to Manage Risk
    • Repair equipment
    • Replace equipment
    • Purchase new/additional safety equipment (AED, first aid kits,etc)
    • Staff training
    • Discontinue program
risk management process8
risk management process
  • Identify the Risks
  • Evaluate the Risks
  • Select an Approach to Manage
  • Implement the Approach
coaches legal duties
Coaches’ legal duties
  • Properly plan the activity
  • Provide proper instruction
  • Warn of inherent risks
  • Provide a safe physical environment
  • Provide adequate and proper equipment
  • Match your athletes appropriately
  • Evaluate your athletes for injury and incapacity
  • Supervise the activity closely
  • Provide appropriate emergency assistance
coaches legal duties1
Coaches’ legal duties

1. Properly plan the activity

coaches legal duties2
Coaches’ legal duties

Properly plan the activity

  • Develop a season plan using progressions
  • Test athletes to determine skill level and capacity
  • Written practice plans
  • Adapt plans to individual needs/skills of athletes
  • Keep records of planning and testing
coaches legal duties3
Coaches’ legal duties

2. Provide proper instruction

coaches legal duties4
Coaches’ legal duties

Provide proper instruction

  • Teach skills and rules with customary methods and development level of your athletes
  • Know current standards for sport and use them
  • Instructions should be clear, complete and consistent
  • Supervise all instruction delegated to others
coaches legal duties5
Coaches’ legal duties

3. Warn of inherent risks

coaches legal duties6
Coaches’ legal duties

Warn of inherent risks

  • Warn athletes and parents of risks so they know, understand and appreciate them
  • Meet with team to explain risks, followed by repeated warnings in practices, program and competition
  • Use written notices, signs, releases, videos and repeated warnings to make use they understand the risks
  • Participation agreements
program evaluation1
Program EVALUATION

FINISHED FILES ARE

THE RESULTS

OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC

STUDY COMBINED

WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE

coaches legal duties7
Coaches’ legal duties

4. Provide a safe physical environment

coaches legal duties8
Coaches’ legal duties

Provide a safe physical environment

  • Note and remedy hazardous conditions
  • Develop a facility/equipment inspection checklist
  • Remove/Change conditions and Report
  • Facility rules posted and reminded
  • Monitor changing environment
slide31

The Venue

  • Venue Walkthrough
    • Accessibility
    • Restroom Facilities
    • Water availability
    • Identify Hazards
    • Is there an AED?
  • Card
    • Facility Address
    • Phone number
    • Location within the facility
slide32

The Venue/THE Program

The “Basics” needed at each venue or program:

First Aid Kit or Athletic Training Kit (stocked)

Phone (that is charged & gets service)

Water

Snacks

Cups & Straws

Ice or ice packs

Large Plastic Bags

Tool kit that includes a tire pump & repair kit

Athlete & Staff participation forms

Burn Bag

slide33

Weather emergency awareness & Procedures

  • What are the potential weather emergencies in your area:
    • Heat
    • Tornado
    • Hurricane
    • Lightning
    • Flooding
    • Snow Emergencies
  • Policy for canceling an event
    • Communication plan to notify participants
  • Evacuation routes and procedures
slide34

Spectators

  • You are responsible for the safety of your spectators
    • Viewing area
    • Access to water
    • Protection from the environment
    • Emergency Medical Care
  • Medical Care for Spectators
    • Assigned personnel for large events
    • Coaches, staff for smaller activities
coaches legal duties9
Coaches’ legal duties

5. Provide adequate and proper equipment

coaches legal duties10
Coaches’ legal duties

Provide adequate and proper equipment

  • Buy the best equipment you can
  • Teach athletes how to fit, use and inspect equipment
  • Inspect equipment regularly
  • Athlete use of personal equipment
  • Qualified people to install and repair
  • Warn athletes on hazardous equipment
  • Be aware of improving equipment standards
slide37

equipment

  • Implements
    • Shot put, bats, balls, etc.
      • Appropriate size, weight
      • Well maintained
  • Protective Equipment
    • Helmets, masks, padding, eyewear, etc.
      • Available
      • Properly sized and fitted
      • Use is supervised
slide38

equipment

  • Sports Chairs
    • Properly sized, fitted, and maintained
    • Strapping
    • Proper use is taught
    • Anti-tip bar(s)
  • Aids
    • Ramps
    • Rests
    • Gripping aids
coaches legal duties11
Coaches’ legal duties

6. Match your athletes appropriately

coaches legal duties12
Coaches’ legal duties

Match your athletes appropriately

  • Match according to size, age, maturity, skill

and experience

2. Modify drills or practice

program evaluation2
Program EVALUATION

FINISHED FILES ARE

THE RESULTS

OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC

STUDY COMBINED

WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE

coaches legal duties13
Coaches’ legal duties

7. Evaluate your athletes for injury and incapacity

coaches legal duties14
Coaches’ legal duties

Evaluate your athletes for injury and incapacity

  • Pre-participation physical exams
  • Keep medical histories on file
  • Use extraordinary judgment determining when injured athletes should not participate
  • Get both medical and parental approval for return to participation
slide44

Athlete information

  • General contact information
  • Emergency Contacts
  • Health Conditions
    • Primary and Secondary Disability
  • Medications and recent surgery
  • Allergies
  • Immunization status including tetanus
  • Implanted devices
  • Signed consent for participation
  • If traveling: authorization to seek medical attention for a minor
slide45

Athlete pre-performance exam

  • Evaluation of athletes general health
  • Evaluate fitness level
  • Areas of predisposition to injury
  • Areas requiring close supervision
  • Areas in need of further medical evaluation
  • Should be conducted every 2 years, and if any health condition changes
coaches legal duties15
Coaches’ legal duties

8. Supervise the activity closely

coaches legal duties16
Coaches’ legal duties

Supervise the activity closely

  • Always provide supervision
  • Provide increase supervision when teaching new skills or when risk of injury increases
  • Use of educated coaches who know the sport
  • Do not condone reckless or overly aggressive behavior
slide48

Personnel for the program

  • Program Coordinator
  • Support staff as needed for the size of program:
      • Administrative Support
      • Program Assistants
  • Coaching Staff
  • Sport Psychologist/Mental Skills Coach
  • Team Physician
  • Athletic Trainer, Physical Therapist, Occupational Therapist
  • Orthotist & Prosthetist
slide49

Coaches & staff

  • Participation form
    • Emergency Information
    • Emergency Contacts
    • Medical History, Medications, Allergies
  • On-going training of staff
    • Orientation & safety protocols
    • Management of emergencies
    • On-going training of athletes
    • Certification programs
slide50

Volunteer

  • Participation form
    • Emergency Information
    • Emergency Contacts
    • Medical History, Medications, Allergies
  • Background check
  • Training
    • Orientation & safety protocols
    • Certification for regular volunteers
slide51

Officials

  • Participation form
    • Emergency Information
    • Emergency Contacts
    • Medical History, Medications, Allergies
  • Responsible for athlete safety onfield of play
coaches legal duties17
Coaches’ legal duties

9. Provide appropriate emergency assistance

coaches legal duties18
Coaches’ legal duties

Provide appropriate emergency assistance

  • Obtain a consent form for all athletes
  • Protect from future harm
  • Provide appropriate first aid and/or CPR as needed
  • Activate your emergency plan
  • Transfer treatment
  • Complete injury report form
slide54

Medical coverage

  • Minimum Requirement:
    • Coach(es) and/or staff must have
      • Current training as a First Responder and Basic First Aid
      • Current training in CPR & AED
  • Develop a “Medical Committee” for your teams and large events
  • Develop relationships with Emergency Response Teams/Services
slide55

Medical Emergency awareness & Procedures

  • Recognize when a medical emergency exists
  • Quickly assess the situation
  • Call emergency services
  • Initiate First Aid
slide57

Waiver FORMS

  • Minors can not enter into a contract and parents can not waive minors right to sue
  • Courts reject contracts to waive negligence
  • Often considered a violation of public policy to require a release prior to participation in a sport
slide59

PARTICIPATION AGREEMENTS

  • Not a contract, but a signed document stating your athletes:
  • Understand the dangers inherent in the sport;
  • Appreciate the consequences of the risk involved, including the risk of injury and death;
  • Know the rules and procedures and the importance of following them;
  • Knowing all this, request to participate in the sport.
program evaluation3
Program EVALUATION

FINISHED FILES ARE

THE RESULTS

OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC

STUDY COMBINED

WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE

program evaluation4
Program EVALUATION

FINISHED FILES ARE

THE RESULTS

OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC

STUDY COMBINED

WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE

program evaluation5
Program EVALUATION

FINISHED FILES ARE

THE RESULTS

OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC

STUDY COMBINED

WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE