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Leonardo da Vinci, Facial Proportion, and the Self-Portrait

Leonardo da Vinci, Facial Proportion, and the Self-Portrait

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Leonardo da Vinci, Facial Proportion, and the Self-Portrait

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  1. Leonardo da Vinci, Facial Proportion, and the Self-Portrait First Portion of Presentation Adapted From Presentations Created by Rock Ledge Elementary Fine Art Program, Seymour, WI Original Source: http://www.seymour.k12.wi.us/rle/art/grade_level_units.html

  2. This painting is probably the most famous portrait in the entire world! It was painted by an artist named Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo was a master at making his paintings look like the person he was trying to paint. What is the title of this painting?

  3. The Mona Lisa I hope you guessed…

  4. Leonardo Da Vinci • Leonardo once wrote, “Know the proportions in human beings and other animals and learn the forms of all things on the earth. The more you know, the better you will paint.”

  5. Leo’s Notebook • Leonardo was constantly taking notes about the world around him. He filled many notebooks with sketches of animals, people, and nature. • He took many measurements and was always trying to find a perfect balance so that his art had proportion.

  6. Another Drawing from Leo’s Notebook:

  7. What is Proportion? • Simply… • Proportion means that you make the parts fit well with each other. • More Specifically… • Proportion in art is the relationship between two or more elements. • When we talk about proportion in art works we are using comparing the size of one object in the artwork to the size of another related object in the artwork. You can also compare: • height, width and depth of the objects • size of one area to the size of another area • amount of space between two or more elements • Proportion is usually not even noticed until something is out of proportion. For example, if a person has a head larger than their entire body, then we would say that they were out of proportion. Good Proportion Out of Proportion

  8. Other works with excellent Proportion:

  9. The Self-Portrait: • Here’s a drawing Leonardo drew of himself as an old man. • A picture that an artist makes of him/herself is called a self-portrait.

  10. Face Mapping • Face Mapping is a technique used to set up the proportion of the features on a face.

  11. By drawing lines that act as guides, you can figure out where parts go and how large they should be. • This will help make your face look more realistic. • With some practice, maybe you’ll be the next Leonardo da Vinci!

  12. Let’s Begin… Self-Portrait Instructions Created By Mrs.O’Loughlin

  13. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Draw an oval in the center of your paper

  14. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Now using a ruler we’re going to draw some guidelines to help us map out our facial features. • Make sure to draw these lines lightly so they can be easily erased later on.

  15. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Line of Symmetry • Your face is symmetrical. • This means if you think of an invisible line drawn down the middle of your face the features on the right side are the same as on the left side. • Remember to draw lightly.

  16. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eye Line • How many times has this happened to you when you have drawn a self-portrait? • An eye line is a guide that helps us to draw the eyes at the same height, size and proportion.

  17. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eye Line • Contrary to popular believe your eyes are not on the top portion of your face. • Your eyes are located half way up or in the middle of your face .

  18. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eye Line • Let’s see what this guy would look like if his eyes were located on the top portion of his face…

  19. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eye Line Yikes!!!

  20. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eye Line • Using your ruler draw your eye line half way up or in the middle of your face. • Remember to draw lightly.

  21. The Camera The Human Eye Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eyes • What shape are eyes?

  22. The Camera The Human Eye Drawing your Self-Portrait: Pupil = Black part of your eye, located in the center of your iris, allows light into your eye so you can see • Parts of the eye Tear Duct= Little pink bump where your tears come out Eyeball = White part of your eye Iris = Colored part of your eye Click here to learn more about the human eye: http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/eyes.html

  23. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Proportion • Did you know your face is about five eyes wide? • Let’s test that theory on this guy again…

  24. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Yep! Five eyes wide! Eye’d win in a starring contest!!!

  25. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eyes • Look at your eyes in a mirror. • Using the eye line as a guide draw the outside shape of your eye.

  26. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eyes • Now carefully erase your eye line.

  27. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eyes • Looking at your eyes in a mirror draw your iris, pupil, eyelid, and any other lines or qualities that make your eye unique. • Iris • Colored Part • Circle • Usually hidden on the top or bottom by the eyelid • Pupil • Black • Circle • Center of Iris

  28. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eyes and Eyebrows • Show emotion or expression • Can you tell what emotions this person might be feeling by just looking at her eyes and eyebrows?

  29. Drawing your Self-Portrait: Was your guess correct? • Eyes and Eyebrows Happy Tired Angry Sad

  30. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Eye Brows • Look at your eyebrows in a mirror. • What are unique about your eyebrows? • Look at the direction the hairs are growing on each of your eyebrows. Sometimes they grow up and sometimes to the side.

  31. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Draw your Eyebrows • Look at your eyebrows in a mirror. • What are unique about your eyebrows?

  32. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Nose • A Couple of Nose No-No’s

  33. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Nose • A Couple of Nose No-No’s • This nose is for pumpkins only!!!

  34. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Nose • A Couple of Nose No-No’s • This type of nose is reserved for pigs!!!

  35. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Nose • A couple of Nose No-No’s • When drawing your nose from a front view do not draw your nose in profile or from the side.

  36. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Nose and Proportion • The edges of your nose fall under the inside corners of your eyes.

  37. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Parts of your Nose • Look at your nose in the mirror. • How are the parts of your nose shaped? • What makes your nose unique?

  38. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • The Bridge of your Nose • Some artists choose not to draw lines for the bridge. • Some draw implied lines for the bridge.

  39. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Nose • Draw what you see in the mirror. • Remember make your nostrils oval or elliptical shape. NO PIG NOSTRILS! • If you would like to draw the bridge go ahead.Otherwise, get ready for the next step. • The Bridge of your Nose

  40. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Mouth • Very expressive facial feature • Look again at this photo. The mouth changes shape with each emotion or expression.

  41. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Mouth • Mouth No-No’s

  42. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Mouth • Mouth No-No’s • Too Simple!!!

  43. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Mouth and Proportion • The corners of your lips fall under the pupils of your eye.

  44. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Mouth • Draw your top and bottom lips to create your mouth. • Draw what you see in the mirror.

  45. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Line of Symmetry • Now very carefully erase your line of symmetry

  46. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Line of Symmetry • Now very carefully erase your line of symmetry

  47. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Neck and Shoulders • Look at your neck, shoulders, and clothing in your mirror. • Draw what you see.

  48. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Ears and Proportion • The tops of your ears are at the same height as the corner of your eye. • The bottoms of your ear are at the same height as the bottom of your nose.

  49. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Ears • Look at ears in your mirror. • Draw what you see. If your hair is covering your eyes and you can’t see them don’t draw them.

  50. Drawing your Self-Portrait: • Hair • Look at hair in your mirror. • Is your hair short or long? • Straight or Curly? • Does it cover your ears? • Does it touch the top of your ears? • Does it peek out underneath your ears? • What direction is the hair growing? • Do you have bangs? • Do your bangs touch your eyebrows?