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Introduction to Biology II

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  1. Introduction to Biology II BIOL 1312 Dr. Hoge Spring, 2007 Prokaryotes And Eukaryotes

  2. The World of Prokaryotes • Aerobes • Anaerobes • Facultative anaerobes • Obligate anaerobes • Extremophiles

  3. Monera • Bacteria (eubacteria) • Archaea (archaebacteria)

  4. Prokaryotic Cells • Size • Shape • Cocci • Bacilli • Spirilla • spirochetes


  5. Cell Membranes • Plasma Membrane • Phospholipid bilayer • Cell Wall • Gram-positive • Gram-negative • Caspsules • Biofilms • Motility (taxis) • Flagella • cilia

  6. Cytoplasm • Nucleoid region • Plasmids • Homeostasis • Isotonic • Hypotonic • hypertonic

  7. Reproduction • Binary Fission • Gene Transfer • Transformation • Conjugation • transduction

  8. Resistance • Endospores • Antibiotics

  9. Nutrition • Photoautotrophs • cyanobacteria • Chemoautotrophs • Nitrogen Fixation • Methanogens • Sulfur reducing • Photoheterotrophs • Chemoheterotrophs • Saprophytes • parasites

  10. Bacterial Diversity • Proteobacteria • Alpha Proteobacteria • Beta Proteobacteria • Gamma Protobacteria • Delta Protobacteria • Epsilon Protobacteria • Chlamydias • Spirochetes • Gram-Positive Bacteria • Cyanobacteria

  11. Impact • Decomposers • Symbiosis • Mutualism • Commensalism • parasitism • Pathogenesis • Biotechnology

  12. Eukaryotes • Protists • Plants • Fungi • Animals

  13. Eukaryotic Cell • Organelles • Endosymbiosis • Mitochonria • chloroplasts

  14. Motility • Flagella • Cilia • Pseudopodia

  15. Nutrition • Autotrophs • Mixotrophs • Hetrotrophs

  16. Reproduction • Asexual • Sexual (syngamy) • Alternation of Generations • Cysts

  17. Habitats • Plankton • Phytoplankton • Zooplankton • Symbiotes • Soil

  18. Protist Diversity • Diplomonadida and Parabasala • Euglenozoa

  19. Alveolata • Dinoflagellates • Apicomlexans • Ciliophora

  20. Stramenopila • Oomycotes • Keterokont algae • Bacillariophyta (Diatoms) • Chrysophyta (Golden Algae) • Phaeophyta (Brown Algae)

  21. Seaweed • Anatomy • Alternation of Generations • Sporophyte • gametophyte

  22. Rhodophyta (Red Algae) • Chlorophyta (Green Algae)

  23. Rhizopodia • Actinopoda (Radiolarians and Heliozoans) • Testate Amoeboids • Arcellaceans • Foraminifera

  24. Slime Molds • Mycetezoa • Myxogastrida (plasmoidal slime molds) • Dictyostelida (cellular slime molds) • Life Cycle