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Napoleon Bonaparte . Ch 20 A. I. Rise of Napoleon. Born Napoleone Buonaparte ; August 15,1769 – May 5, 1821 Corsican Italian Nobility Went to military school in Brienne Then officer school in Paris Was able to come to power due to France taking over Corsica

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I rise of napoleon
I. Rise of Napoleon

  • BornNapoleoneBuonaparte; August 15,1769 – May 5, 1821

    • Corsican

      • Italian Nobility

        • Went to military school in Brienne

          • Then officer school in Paris

    • Was able to come to power due to France taking over Corsica

      • French Revolution made all men, in their territory equal

    • Kept getting promoted to obscurity and then turns it around brings himself to prominence

      • Directory tried to use him and leave him

        • Napoleon was too smart.


I rise of napoleon1
I. Rise of Napoleon

  • Directory tried to have him attack Ireland

    • He chooses Egypt

      • British destroy French fleet and he sneaks back to France due to threats on him.

  • Constitution of the Year III (1795)

    • Very unpopular and resulted in the riots

      • “Whiff of Grapeshot”

  • Constitution of Year VIII (1800)

    • Sets up strong executive branch

      • Sieyes

        • Napoleon forces his retirement and becomes the 1st Consul


Ii emperor napoleon
II. Emperor Napoleon

  • Concordat of 1801

    • Solves problem with Catholic Church and Pope

      • Catholicism is major French religion and state selects clergy and pays them

        • Pope has a say

  • Napoleonic Code

    • Civil Code of 1804

  • Universal French law (Equal everywhere)

  • 1804 Bomb Attack

    • Used it to make himself emperor (1804-1814)

      • Another constitution

      • Pope present but Napoleon crowns himself



  • Iii decline
    III. Decline

    • Invasion of Russia (1812)

      • Russia was a threat

      • Decided to invade (easy defeat)

      • Russia used scorched earth and allowed Russian winter to defeat France

        • Napoleon fled to put down trouble in Paris

    • European Coalition

      • Fear of Napoleon’s power

      • Russia, Prussia, Britain and Austria (becomes Quadruple alliance

        • Wellington defeats Napoleon

          • Exiled to Elba (Italian island) March 1814

          • Restored Bourbons


    Iii decline1
    III. Decline

    • Quadruple Alliance was disunited without fighting Napoleon

      • Napoleon returns March 1, 1815

        • 100 days

        • People still loyal

        • Promised to be peaceful and reformed

          • Declared outlaw

        • Wellington defeats him at the Battle of Waterloo (Belgium) on June 18,1815

        • Exiled Saint Helena (Atlantic Coast of Africa

          • Died 1821