How do mosquitoes breed? Like other insects, mosquitoes lay their eggs in water and hatch from eggs and go through several stages in order to become adults. The females lay their eggs in water. After hatching their larva and pupa stages completed entirely in the water. Once pupa changes into adults, they leave the water and become full-fledged flying insects. Their life cycle varies from one to several weeks depending on the species, temperature, and food availability.
Look at some more interesting things from themosquito's perspective Mosquitoes are the insects who are universally hated the world over. These pesky, disease-carrying pests make a living by sucking the blood out of just about anything that moves, including us.
1. Mosquitoes have been since the Jurassic period It means mosquitoes are around for about 210 million years old. They have been mentioned throughout history and mentioned in the works of Aristotle around 300 B.C. and in the writings of Sidonius Apollinaris in 467 B.C.
2. Mosquitoes are the deadliest animal Anopheles mosquito, in particular, is very dangerous as it transmits malaria, which accounts more than one million deaths every year. It is also believed that Alexander the Great died of malaria in 323 B.C.
3. Mosquitoes don't have tooth The mosquitoes bite with a long, pointed mouthparts which are used for piercing and sucking. The paired mandibles and maxillae are formed into needle-like structures which are enclosed by the Labium. It acts like a tongue and is used to suck up the blood.
4. Mosquioto sucks blood thrice of its own weight A mosquito requires a blood meal to develop her eggs. So, only female mosquitoes bite, while the male mosquitoes feed on nectar as do the female when she is not full of eggs. Don't worry. It would take them about 1.2 million bites to drain all the blood from your body.
5. Female mosquitoes lay upto 300 eggs at a time A female mosquito can lay anywhere upto 300 eggs at one time. So, it is so important to eliminate all possible breeding sites or apply larvacide which prevents the larva from becoming adult mosquitoes.
6. Mosquito lifespan is less than 2 months On average a mosquito’s life span is typically 2-3 weeks. However male mosquitoes have the shortest lifespan about 10 days. And because female mosquitoes find a hideout for the winter like a garage, culvert, or attic so they do have a chance of surviving upto 6-8 weeks.
7. Mosquitoes do not transmit HIV/AIDS AIDS causing viruses don't replicate in mosquitoes because they not only do they hold enough blood in their mouthparts to spread the disease, but also they actually digest the virus in their stomach and brake down without being passed on. Thereby, they can't transmit HIV/AIDS.
8. Dark clothing attracts mosquitoes: Mosquitoes use their vision and smell to locate their hosts from a distance and find a blood meal. So, they are more attracted towards dark colour because they see dark objects more easily and clear than light objects. So light color will help in avoiding unwanted bug bites. It also keeps you cooler in the summer heat.
How to protect from mosquitoes? Might be you are still experiencing the redness, the swelling and the unbearable itching due to mosquito bites. Therefore, to keep mosquitoes away from your skin, you need to keep your residential places always neat and clean. Such as: always use dustbin and keep cleaning it regularly. Clearing bushy areas around your homes. Do not store the garbage or wastage water for long hours near your residence. So, make good water to drainage to avoid stagnant water, otherwise it will be more likely to invite mosquitoes with honor and respect.
Choose your best mosquito repellents Many people wish to choose best mosquito repellents to keep mosquitoes away. And so, they sometimes turn to store and buy insect repellents. But due to these insect repellents often contain a toxic pesticide, so it is dangerous to human health. This pesticide is known as DEET. Infact, heavy exposure to DEET is linked to memory loss, headache, weakness, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, tremors and shortness of breath in humans and is particularly toxic to children. Thus, instead of using this pesticide, there are so many more effective ways to keep mosquitoes away from skin.
Use mosquito nets for bed Mosquitoes attack mostly when you are sleeping in night. In that case, you can use mosquito net for bed. It is also one of the best repellent which has the only aim to provide protection against mosquitoes, even flies and insects which causes multiple diseases for example malaria, dengue, encephalitis and yellow fever, etc.
Malaria and other diseases are communicated by the bite of mosquitoes, eventually causes higher risk of death in children and new born babies. Using mosquito net for bed reduces such incidence among them by anywhere from 15-70%. Based on the Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS), it is estimated that only 13% of households in Uganda own a mosquito net and 8% of under fives usually use them. In order to avoid the mosquito bite, these nets are treated with insecticides which provides effective and better protection by keeping the mosquitoes away and also killing them.