some phonetic notes on emotional expressions laughter interjections and weeping l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Some phonetic notes on emotional expressions: Laughter, interjections and weeping PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Some phonetic notes on emotional expressions: Laughter, interjections and weeping

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Some phonetic notes on emotional expressions: Laughter, interjections and weeping - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 207 Views
  • Uploaded on

Some phonetic notes on emotional expressions: Laughter, interjections and weeping. Bernd Pompino-Marschall, Sabine Kowal & Dan O‘Connell. Material. Emotional outbursts on the part of Mrs. Bennet played by Alison Steadman in Jane Austen‘s Pride and Prejudice [1995, BBC mini series].

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Some phonetic notes on emotional expressions: Laughter, interjections and weeping' - hazina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
some phonetic notes on emotional expressions laughter interjections and weeping

Some phonetic notes on emotional expressions:Laughter, interjections and weeping

Bernd Pompino-Marschall, Sabine Kowal & Dan O‘Connell

material
Material

Emotional outbursts on the part of Mrs. Bennetplayed by Alison Steadmanin Jane Austen‘s Pride and Prejudice[1995, BBC mini series]

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

an example
An example

Mrs. Bennet:

[]let me give you a kiss, then! (B:)

[nEh](B:, P:) [mhm] [m]

[ahhahh] (B:)

Mr. Bennet: well, shall we go in? (P:)

Mrs. Bennet: []

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

contents
Contents
  • emotional & ‘nonarticulate’ vocalisations:
    • laughter
    • non-tame interjections
    • weeping

and their phonetic realisations

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

exalted laughter
Exalted laughter
  • Multiple call bout
  • Extremely high f0:
    • falsetto voice & laryngeal whistle

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

embarrassed laughter
Embarrassed laughter
  • One or few call bout
  • Relatively low f0

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

furious weeping
Furious weeping
  • Multiple call bout
  • High or mid f0

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

some observations
Some observations
  • In laughing we find a lot of abnormal phonatory features (in combination):
    • expanded pitch range
    • laryngeal whistle
    • octave jumps, diplophonia
    • ingressive phonation etc.

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

some observations15
Some observations
  • and reduced supralaryngeal articulation:
    • mainly central vowels
    • no controlled (front) consonantal articulation

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

some observations16
Some observations
  • the rhythmic structure is realised by “Drucksilben” (in the sense of Sievers), i.e. chest pulses
  • not as articulated syllables (“Schallsilben”)

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

some observations17
Some observations
  • similar features can be observed in weeping
  • as well as non-‘tame’ interjections and hesitation vocalisations

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

discussion
Discussion
  • We would like to characterise laughing as vocalisation with:
    • high pulmonal and laryngeal tension
    • combined with low supralaryngeal tension

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

discussion19
Discussion

Extending the H&H model (Lindblom):

Continuum of articulatory ‘tonus’

hyperspeech hypospeech hesitations []

high low

speech setting vegetative setting

neutral: [], raised velum, closed vocal tract,

spontaneous phonation lowered velum,

open glottis

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken

discussion20
Discussion

To include laughter (and weeping) we would have to state different ‘tonus’ settings

  • at the supralaryngeal level (i.e. low)
  • at the (sub)laryngeal level (i.e. high)

The Phonetics of Laughter 5 Aug. 2007, Saarbrücken