Comprehensive Community Development Planning A holistic response to Nation Re-building
Inherent Responsibilities Ktunaxa Creation Story sets out relationship of humans (Ktunaxa) to the land and all other creatures. ?a•knumu¢tiŧiŧ translates to “Stewardship” and “Self-governance”. Recognize and Affirm Aboriginal Rights or the Responsibility of Stewardship within entire Ktunaxa Traditional Territory. Have always shared responsibility for generation and distribution of wealth; traditional Ktunaxa governance concept – managing the economy. Consider Ktunaxa governance “Interests” and those of others who share our territory.
Context: the Current Environment • Most First Nations have over 40 years experience managing multiple investments from numerous federal and provincial government departments/agencies, with limited capacity to measure outcomes at any level. • At any given time, First Nations are managing investments from up to 20 different agencies, each with different reporting requirements, data systems and specific program outcomes, creating an unbearable administrative burden. • Resources from government tend to be program-driven with a focus on external accountability, whereas First Nations’ services tend to be family-oriented and holistic with accountability to community wellness a priority. • Self-governance is an objective for many First Nations. • Desire to bring forward traditional concepts of governance; family responsibilities.
a Shift in Thinking When negotiating Local Education Agreements (1989), the Ktunaxa Nation asked themselves why many of their children weren’t successful learning and functioning in the provincial school systems – few citizens were entering post-secondary education As the Nation negotiated contracts for economic development, and community members became part of the ‘mainstream’ workforce after years of residential school and reserve isolation, our young people found it difficult to hold jobs; much reliance on community programs When we finally learned about FAS (ARBD) and related it to our historical circumstances (poverty, residential schools, multiple generations of alcoholism, similar birth defects and learning difficulties, etc.) things began to make sense… The Nation shifted focus to the root causes of the communities’ issues rather than just treating the manifestations Started to move away from program delivery and focus on Individual and Family Wellness – STRATEGIC PLANNING - Individual Training Plans, Family Growth Plans, Education Environment Plans… Community Development Plans… The BC Treaty Process became a tool to help reach our Vision Determine our own destiny and build our own economy based on our Aboriginal values and cultural strengths – Nation Re-building
Challenges for First Nations Communities SOCIAL: People who are at various stages of healing and finding their roots. ECONOMIC: Moving from a dependent society to one that is self-directed and self-sustaining. CULTURAL: Re-building the strength found in knowing and using traditional knowledge and language. ENVIRONMENTAL: Protecting our lands and resources for future generations; all things are related. Community Development means using the community’s resources (people, knowledge, land, things, money) to meet the community’s goals and achieve their Vision.
Function of Government ...The effective engagement of all members and sectors of a society in the stewardship, investment and utilization of their land and resources, in order to achieve their common vision… Ktunaxa Nation
Community Development Appreciative Inquiry (building on assets)… • What are the strengths of community? • What are the strengths of the individuals that make up the families in the community? • What opportunities exist for community and economic development? • How can we connect people with the opportunities? • How can we build partnerships & access resources? • We aren’t trying to build strong programs, but rather strong people who don’t need programs Try differently, not harder
Bite-sized pieces... • Achieving your long-term vision requires a coordination of resources, collaboration with other organizations, a champion to lead the process, and willingness to participate. • Sometimes it is difficult to see the forest for the trees; we need a clear path to follow. • A Strategic Plan is a tool that helps to guide organizations (& individuals) through complex situations in the most efficient manner. • An Integrated Plan increases efficiencies and improves outcomes.
Common VisionStrategic Investments... Early Childhood Development, Education, Intergovernmental Investment First Nation Government Health Care, Housing, Justice, Provincial Gov't Federal Gov't Social Development, Employment, Child & Family Services
Managing Change • Vision • Values • Guiding Principles • Standards … • Institutions & Authorities • Sector Charters • Programs & Services • Policies & Procedures Laws
Planning & Evaluation Goals Objectives Strategies & Activities Time Frame Responsibility Inputs Resources like funding, staff, facilities… Outputs Immediate products of activities Outcomes Benefits, impacts, or changes as a result of activities Short-Intermediate- & Long-term Indicator Indicator Indicator Show how an outcome has been achieved RESULTS adapted from Community Solutions
Allocating Resources... Funding Staff Facilities Knowledge Partnerships Who? How much ? By When? Activity Objective Activity Activity Goal Activity Objective Activity Activity Outputs Outcomes
Common Vision Strong, healthy citizens and communities, speaking our languages and celebrating who we are and our history in our ancestral homelands, working together, managing our lands and resources as a self-sufficient, self-governing Nation. Ktunaxa Nation Vision Statement
Strong, healthy citizens and communities… • Social Investment education, employment and training services, community policing and peace-keeping, wills and estates, marriage and divorce, health and social services,child protection and family wellness services and standards, standards for health and social services, adoptions, education, employment and training standards, public health and safety, licensing of care facilities, communicable disease control, correctional services, immunizations, information management
Current Community Environment • Education & Training • Health Services • Housing • Social Development • Employment Services • Child & Family Services • Justice • ECD - Head Start • Language & Culture • Recreation • Economic Development • Environmental Protection Programs People
People not Programs • All program investments relate back to individual people who are part of family units, within a community environment; First Nation citizens. • Investment is made in people and their environments, to achieve the shared vision of strong, healthy citizens and communites… • Promote individual responsibility for wellness and participation in growth and community governance. • Focus on family reconstruction and reconnection. Leadership, Management and Staff must consistently work together as a team, under common principles and a well documented set of policies and procedures. “From these discussions and consultations, it is clear that a new approach is needed - one that tackles the root causes of health problems for Aboriginal peoples…” Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, 2002
Speaking our languages… celebrating our history • Traditional Knowledge and Language Enrichment, citizenship registry, education and enrichment programs, community archives, funerals and burials, family genealogical records,language and traditional knowledge curriculum and standards, licensing of traditional knowledge and language instructors, libraries and cultural centres, museums, protection of cultural property and heritage resources, licensing of traditional practitioners, information management, trade and barter
?a.kukpukamnam Our foundation is our roots, our Elders and traditions Our Vision and Values are the points at which we come together, where we gain strength Our branches are the communities and families, the future generations Our health and wealth come from our environments: social, cultural and physical: economy ?a.kukpukam
Exploring Traditions Nation Traditional Knowledge & Language Social Investment Responsibilities... Community Privileges... Family Economic Investment Land & Resources Citizen Shared Vision Traditional Values & Principles
Working together, managing our lands and resources... • Land and Resource Stewardship, community/local land-use planning, community parks and recreation services, waste management, local pollution monitoring and control, including air, cemeteries, public works, property and real estate, local fire protection and emergency response, animal control,regional land use planning, land and resource protection, regional water protection and utilization, forest fire suppression, natural resource development including timber and sub-surface resources, natural disaster planning & response, wildlife and migratory birds, licensing of fishing, hunting and gathering, National parks, regional pollution monitoring and control, including land, air & water, information management
Effective Management Stewardship versus Ownership; inalienable Managing land, engaging people, building capacity, developing processes, acquiring technologies… institutional systems, operational frameworks... RESOURCES. • What resources do we have? • How are they invested? • How can we improve efficiencies? • How can we track investment and effectively coordinate activities?
As a self-sufficient… Economic Investment, community capital and infrastructure, community resource investment, business licenses, sales and property taxes,national resource investment, income taxes & royalties, gaming, information management, borrowing and lending of public funds
Harvard ExperienceNation Building Model of Ec. Dev. • De-facto sovereignty - self-government • Effective Institutions • Cultural fit • Strategic approach
Protecting and Investing • Interested in establishing a sustainable economy – one that engages citizens in meaningful ways • Stewardship values have priority over economic gain • Freeing up enough capital to encourage economic growth • Cultural tourism a ‘good fit’
Strategic Investment • Governments - many provincial/federal departments and ministries holding pieces of a bigger mandate. • Community – ‘try differently – not harder’, engaging community and re-directing resources if appropriate. • Private Sector - companies and individuals that share the Vision, or have corporate responsibility to social/cultural/environmental/economic agenda. • The Plan - helps to coordinate the various interests and orchestrate their involvement; measure growth. • Communication - coordinate information from all internal and external sources. • Developing an information management system that will ‘speak’ to existing government data systems.
Self-governing Nation • Core Services public registry of Ktunaxa Nation law, public interest interface (Ombudsman), law enforcement and policing, professional advisory services (legal, accounting systems), registry of licenses and permits, communications (internal: communities, Sectors, external: government, media), public relations and inter-governmental affairs, mail, etc., central reception and switchboard, human resources, accounting supervision (higher level), information management & surveillance, vital statistics, filing and records control (archives), maintenance (janitorial, infrastructure), Community and National elections, information technology support & maintenance, purchasing & inventory, inter-sector coordination for planning and evaluation), financial comptroller (Auditor General)
Land, language, people, economy… Working together requires a sharing of information and resources. Integration of information and services improves support to families. Consideration is given to connections between people, culture, land and the economy and data is integrated accordingly; population health. Community and Regional Land Use Plans integrated with other development plans.
Common Interests... • Reduce current reporting burden on First Nations and improve compliance with reporting requirements. • Coordinate/integrate programs, services and resources from all levels of government to maximize benefit and improve outcomes. • Consolidate data for greater administrative efficiency and better informed planning. • Conduct quantitative and qualitative analysis of investment using growth/outcome indicators that are respectful of regional/cultural differences and unique individual (FASD) community needs. • Collect aggregate data for analysis and reporting (FNSI, Budget/Treasury Board submissions). Achieve Vision; population health.
Integrated Information Managementmaking informed investments Integrated Information Management provides for... • Analysis of investments and outcomes over short and long term, at individual, family, community, First Nation levels and potentially, Canadian national aggregate data. • Tracking of trends; comparative analysis. • A reduced administrative burden. • Improved efficiencies in service outcomes and related reduction in expenditures. • Overall increase in accountability.
Integration of Information Data Storehouse – An Analogy
The Ktunaxa Nation System Development Criteria • Use industry standard technology: • J2EE application server. • Oracle Data Base (for data storage, security, reliability). • Standard XML format for all data input and data exchange. • Store only one value for each piece of information. • Focus on the functions supporting a “Person View” of data rather than a “Program View”. • First Nation data flows with four different systems as the starting point (federal and provincial health & education) but fully expandable. • Security built in at many levels.
Protecting Privacy Information Management practices governed by existing federal and provincial privacy laws. Under First Nation Self-government, these laws will continue to prevail alongside First Nation laws. Individuals will retain ownership of all information; First Nations governments will be the stewards of their citizens’ information and informed consent will be required of citizens; data-sharing agreements will be negotiated in accordance with privacy laws & consent. All leaders, directors, managers, staff and contractors will be required to take confidentiality training and sign agreements defining access to and use of personal information.
Governance Transition …effective engagement of all members and sectors of a society… • Establish strategic alliances with those Institutions presently holding ‘Authorities of Government ’ • Explore opportunities for citizen engagement in Nation Re-building and Community Development • Develop governance transition strategies, integrated strategic plans and partnership agreements within/between all sectors