IRCP Research Projects on Measuring Organised Crime. Prof. Dr. Tom Vander Beken EU Forum for the prevention of organised crime Towards comparable information on crime and victimisation – an EU wide approach European Commission, Brussels, 26 January 2004. Overview.
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Prof. Dr. Tom Vander Beken
EU Forum for the prevention of organised crime
Towards comparable information on crime and victimisation – an EU wide approach
European Commission, Brussels, 26 January 2004
1. Collecting, analysing and comparing information of organised crime – state of the art
2. Short and long term priorities
3. IRCP research on measuring organised crime
Collecting: All MS and Europol collect information on organised crime. Nearly all information is law enforcement information. Definitions for data collection and data collection plans differ from MS to MS.
Analysing: Organised crime information is analysed by all MS and Europol, but in different ways. This makes the national reports very hybrid and the drafting of an EU picture extremely difficult. Very few analytical standards. Mostly traditional crime analysis of criminals and groups. Hardly or not future oriented. No real threat assessment. Few assessments of harm.
Comparing: National data and analysis are very different in nature and quality – comparability?
Room/need for additional data collection and analysis at EU-level?
Development of EU-standards (is Crimorg 133 what we want/need?)
Development of methodologies and analysis that are future (threat) oriented
not only collection and analysis of law enforcement data (open source, economical data…)
environmental scanning (impact changes in society on oc)
assessments of the vulnerability of legal sectors
involvement of organised crime in illegal markets
A. IRCP- Mission
B. IRCP – Methodolology – Belgium
C. IRCP – Methodology – Europe
D. IRCP – Analysis – Belgium and Europe
E. IRCP – Analysis - Europe
1996-1998: Scientific support to the Belgian Parliamentary Enquiry Commission on Organised Crime:
definition of organised crime
data collection and analysis
1996- : Member of the scientific committee of the Belgian organised crime report
1999: Scientific research for the Organised Crime Unit of the Belgian Federal Police on issues of measurement. Application of risk-assessment methodologies in organised crime analysis
Measuring organised crime in Belgium. A Risk Based methodology (2000)
2000: Scientific research for the Belgian Minister of Justice on the development of a new methodology for the Belgian organised crime report. Introduction of a future oriented, risk based four-pillared reporting system: environmental scan (1), oc-group analysis (2), counter measure analysis (3) and market (illegal and legal) analysis (4)
Reporting on organised crime. A Shift from Description to Explanation in the Belgian Annual Report on Organised Crime (2001)
2001: Acceptance of the IRCP-methodology at EU-level
Action Plan to Study Organised Crime at European Level (Council of the European Union, 8 January 2002, Crimorg 133, 14959/01)
2002-2003: Scientific research for the European Commission on the development of a methodology for measuring organised crime in Europe (IRCP-Transcrime-Swedish Council for Crime Prevention)
(co-financed under Hippokrates I programme – JAI/2001/HIP/015)
(co-financed under Hippokrates II programme - JAI/2002/HIP/009)
2001-2003: Scientific research for the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office on the vulnerability of legal economic sectors to organised crime with a case study of the diamond sector (IRCP and Antwerp University)
Het meten van de kwetsbaarheid van de legale economische sectoren voor georganiseerde misdaad (2003)
2003-2004: Scientific research for the European Commission on the Measurement and Assessment of Vulnerability of Economic Sectors (MAVUS): development of a methodology and vulnerability of two economic sectors
Financed under the AGIS programme (JAI/2003/AGIS/132)
2004-2005: Proposed scientific research for the European Commission on the Measurement and Assessment of Vulnerability of Economic Sectors (MAVUS II): vulnerability study of two more economic sectors, evaluation of the methodology and development of a methodology to scan illegal sectors
2004-2005: Proposed scientific research for the European Commission on the Method and the Assessment of Likely Future Trends in Organised Crime in Europe (OCO): development of a method for environmental scanning, draft of an EU scan and three national scans (Belgium, Sweden and Slovenia)
(IRCP – Swedish Council for Crime Prevention – and Slovenian Office for Prevention of Corruption)
application for grants under AGIS programme 2004
Need for development of methodological tools and analysis which are more future (threat) oriented
Not only collection of data derived from law enforcement activity
environmental scans, (legal and illegal) market analysis (vulnerability studies and studies about involvement)