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  1. P-16 AlignmentJennifer DounayEducation Commission of the StatesECS Regional Meeting for the Heartland/MidwestKauffman Foundation CenterKansas City, MODecember 9, 2008

  2. Objectives of session National perspective on: • Creation of, membership on P-16s, P-20s • Common challenges councils face • State responses to challenges Discussion: • What do you see as challenges to P-16, solutions? What’s working, not working? • Is there a way to get alignment w/o P-16 council? • Ways to assist your state council if not a member? Education Commission of the States

  3. What is P-16? • It may include a council • It can (and should be) more than a council: • Data systems • Funding mechanisms • Ways of thinking • Public support • Legislation, rulemaking, executive decisionmaking Education Commission of the States

  4. 4-year institutions Passing the Buck Middle schools Elementary schools Parents Pre-K programs High schools Employers 2-year institutions Education Commission of the States

  5. Who’s lobbying for alignment? According to ECS P-16/P-20 database (www.ecs.org/P-20): • Govs: 11 states • Legislatures: 10 states • State boards: 2 states • Voluntary efforts: 14 states • These have changed over time: GA, IL, MD, NV, others Education Commission of the States

  6. Who’s on board? • Governors (8 councils, w/gov rep on 19 councils) • Legislators (19 states) • Chiefs • SHEEOs, 2-/4-year presidents • Business and labor (32 states) • Others • Ideally, early learning reps (18 states) Education Commission of the States

  7. Creating a P-16 council just the starting point • Some councils leverage little change • Essential elements to consider: • Actors • Agenda • Appropriation of resources Education Commission of the States

  8. Actors • Goldilocks: Not too big, not too small • Early learning • Legislative • Gubernatorial • Business community • Clarity re: council mission and roles • Meet at least quarterly Education Commission of the States

  9. The importance of including the “P” in P-16, P-20 • Early years matter for later student success • States w/o explicit early learning rep. unlikely to tackle early learning • AZ: Early ed. ad hoc committee • Incorporate P-3 into standing committees • HI: $10 million, 8-yr. grant Education Commission of the States

  10. Including legislators • Helps ensure the right hand knows what left hand is doing • Facilitates communication b/w P-12, higher ed. and lawmakers • Policy institutionalizes practice • Some of the most successful states: IN, AZ*, CO* Education Commission of the States

  11. Including gov’s office • Governors hold bully pulpit • Gov’s presence sets tone for importance of council’s work • Govs on 8 councils • Rep. on add’l 19 councils • Include AZ, GA, IN, KY, NC, OH, RI • States w/substantial P-16 accomplishments Education Commission of the States

  12. Meet at least quarterly • Reduces inertia, “amnesia” b/w mtgs. • Increases urgency of council to-dos • 29 states meet at least quarterly • Include AZ, CO: states that have made gains in relatively short time Education Commission of the States

  13. Agenda • Not too broad (5 issues or fewer) • Specific (not “improving student success”) • Something each agency can’t do alone • Specific, measurable goals (16 states) • Balanced scorecard (Georgia) Education Commission of the States

  14. Common areas of activity • High school to postsecondary transitions: 26 states (can take many forms) • Data systems, use of data: 19 states • Teachers: recruitment, preparation, retention, prof. devt.: 19 states • Postsec. retention/transfer/completion: 13 states • Early learning: 8 states Education Commission of the States

  15. Setting goals • Don’t know if you’re getting there if you don’t know where you’re going • Numeric goals, based on reliable data • 16 states • Most goals re: HS or PS completion Education Commission of the States

  16. Georgia’s Balanced Scorecard (http://www.usg.edu/p16/resources/PDFs/P-16_Balanced_Score_Card.pdf) Education Commission of the States

  17. Appropriation of resources • Financial resources • Communications can build public support • Human resources • Research policy solutions • Support policy/program implementation Education Commission of the States

  18. Financial resources • State funds (leg. appropriation or built in agencies’ budgets) – 22 states • “Other” funds – 10 states • Foundation • Business • Federal • “Sustainability”: NE, WY Education Commission of the States

  19. Human resources • Council supported by min. .5 FTE: 21 councils • Include councils that have made substantial gains Education Commission of the States

  20. What we still don’t know • Does it matter: • who is lead agency? • which agency staffs the council? • how many FTEs support council? • where council gets its funding? • What’s the impact of local/regional P-16 councils? Education Commission of the States