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Genre: Realistic Fiction. Lesson 12 Day 3. Question of the Day. What is a postcard? How is it like a letter? How are letters and postcards the same, and how are they different?. Read Aloud. What is the purpose for reading a poem? to understand it better to enjoy it

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Lesson 12 day 3 l.jpg

Genre: Realistic Fiction

Lesson 12 Day 3


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Question of the Day

  • What is a postcard?

  • How is it like a letter?

  • How are letters and postcards the same, and how are they different?


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Read Aloud

  • What is the purpose for reading a poem?

  • to understand it better

  • to enjoy it

  • to appreciate and listen to the rhyme and rhythm


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PhonicsFind the words in the sentence that have silent letters.

  • I know there are gnats buzzing around my knuckles.

  • know

  • gnats

  • knuckles

  • wrong





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  • Have you ever seen a person wrapping a box?

  • wrapping

  • What does a person wringing out a towel look like?

  • wringing

  • Can we make a wreath out of branches and leaves?

  • wreath

  • Would you point to your wrist, please?

  • wrist

  • Did you watch that worm wriggling across the ground?

  • wriggling

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Fluency: expression

  • When good readers read aloud, they use expression to show what the characters feel and to identify exciting or scary plot moments. They do this by talking more loudly or softly, more quickly or more slowly. Tell students that as they read, they should

  • Think about what is happening in the story

  • Notice when a character is speaking and think about how he or she is feeling.

  • Turn to page 350 of “ A Pen Pal for Max” and listen as I read a part.

  • I will read an exciting part of the story and use expression to help show what is happening. I will think about how the characters feel and use my voice to show their feelings.


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Focus Skill


  • Remember that the plot of a story often contains a problem or goal that characters have to reach.

  • Sometimes a story has more than one problem or goal.

  • As you read look for problems that the characters face.

  • Read pages 341-342. What goal does Max have at the beginning of the story?

  • He would like a faraway friend, or pen pal.

  • Read pg. 345. What problem does he have after this?

  • He gets a letter, but it is in English, which he cannot read.

  • Read pg. 354. What greater problem does he face next?

  • An earthquake damages his school, so he cannot go to school.


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Max would like a faraway friend.

He puts a note in a box of grapes headed for the U.S.

He gets a letter in English that he cannot read.

Max would like a faraway friend.

An earthquake damages his school.

Maggie and her classmates send new supplies.


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Paired Selection

  • Where are the three postcards from?

  • California, Costa Rica, and Paris, France

  • Why have the writers sent the postcards?

  • to say hello, to give information, to describe an experience

  • What topic do the three postcards share?

  • They all describe food: tomatoes, bananas, and cheese.


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Deciphered means to figure out a message that is difficult to understand or that is written in code .

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Even though the grape fruit bar had melted on it, Catlin deciphered Julien’s letter.

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In The City of Ember, why was the code difficult to decipher?

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If you are wrong about something, you are mistaken.

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Caitlin thought Julien must be mistaken, because no one could put a sunset in an envelope.

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What would be worse, to be mistaken about the date of a test or to be mistaken about one problem in your homework?

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  • If you translate something, you say or write in another language.

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If you don’t speak a language when you travel to a new country, you may need someone to translate for you.

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Did you know you can buy something to help you translate one language to another?

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When something needs repairs, it needs to be fixed.

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Why does a car that has been wrecked need repairs?

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Why might a home need repairs?

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A catastrophe is something that is really terrible that has happened.

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The earthquake was a catastrophe for Max’s village.

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Which would be a catastrophe: not being able to go outside because of rain , or a flood caused by heavy rains?

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If you are fortunate, you are very lucky.

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Mason was fortunate that no one in his family was hurt in the fire.

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I felt fortunate to find my lost puppy.

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Heaving means throwing something with great effort.

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Active volcanoes are heaving rocks and lava when they errupt .

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The ship was heaving on the ocean because of the rough water.

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When something is bothersome, it bothers you and causes problems.

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The pesky mosquitoes were bothersome.

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What things can be bothersome when you are trying to do your homework?

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If there is a din, there is so much noise that it is hard to hear anything over it.

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A large earthquake can cause quite a din.

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You could hear nothing above the din of the machine.

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When you are dodging something you’re are avoiding something that is coming toward you.

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Rock climbers share tales of dodging rocks during rockslides.

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We were dodging the dogs while walking in our neighborhood

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Use context clues

  • Sometimes you can figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word by looking at the words around it.

  • Context clues may include definitions or descriptions, which can be used to figure out the meaning of an unknown word.

  • Juan opened the missive, a letter from his uncle.

  • The cockatiel flapped its wings and let out a squawk.

  • We sweated in the stifling heat.

  • A cavern like Mammoth Cave is often home to bats.


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Context Clues

  • The capuchin, a black-and-white monkey, is found in Central America.

  • The room was spare, with only a bed in it.

  • The store sold antique items from long ago.

  • The flowers had bright hues of red, yellow, and pink.


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  • Keely and i invited Sue to walk with me.

    7. Jim waved to Max, who waved back at them.



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Grammar: Singular and plural Pronouns

  • we us you they them

  • These are plural pronouns that replace plural nouns or groups of nouns.

  • The pronoun you can be singular or plural.

  • Jane and I went to the movies.

  • we

  • David clapped for the singers.

  • them

  • Burt talked to Denny and me.

  • us

  • The teachers had a meeting.

  • they

  • You and Mattie can meet me there.

  • you


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Writing: realistic story

  • A realistic story ….

  • Includes characters and settings that could be real

  • Includes events that could happen

  • Tells about a problem and how it is solved

  • Includes a plot with a beginning, a middle, and an ending.