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Mrs. Engl. STI Unit. Herpes. Crabs/Pubic Lice. Gonorrhea. What is a DISEASE?. Illness that affects proper functioning of the body or mind. Communicable Disease. can "catch" from someone or something else. (contagious). Non-Communicable Diseases.

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slide2

Herpes

Crabs/Pubic Lice

Gonorrhea

what is a disease
What is a DISEASE?
  • Illness that affects proper functioning of the body or mind.
communicable disease
Communicable Disease
  • can "catch" from someone or something else. (contagious)
non communicable diseases
Non-Communicable Diseases
  • NOT transferrable from someone or something else.
sexually transmitted infection sti
Sexually Transmitted Infection(STI)
  • A communicable disease that spreads mostly through sexual contact
virus
Virus
  • Cannot be cured
infection
Infection
  • Can be cured
symptom
Symptom
  • What you feel
how do you get an sti
How do you get an STI?
  • Any type of sexual activity
  • Body contact of infected areas
  • bodily fluids
  • blood
  • Needles
signs and symptoms
Signs and Symptoms
  • Sores
  • Lumps
  • Bumps
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Unusual discharges
  • Foul odors

*they’re may be no signs or symptoms at all!!!

what if i ignore it
What if I ignore it?
  • Severe infections
  • Sterility or inability to have children
  • Can be passed to your children
  • Death
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • a blood sample
  • a urine sample
  • a swab of the inside of the mouth
  • a swab from the genitals
  • a swab of any discharge or sores
state of nj department of health
State of NJ- Department of Health

**Please see last page in packet

prevention
Prevention
  • Abstinence (100% effective)
  • Vaccinations
  • Condoms
  • Limiting sexual partners
hiv and aids
HIV and AIDS
  • What is HIV?
    • (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
    • Attacks the body’s immune system
  • What is AIDS?
    • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    • Unable to fight off infections
    • FATAL!

VIRUS

how do you get hiv
How do you get HIV?
  • Any type of sexual activity
  • Blood (accidents, needles, tatoos)
  • Untreated HIV ultimately leads to AIDS
symptoms of hiv and aids
Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
  • HIV
    • May be no symptoms for years
    • Recurring sicknesses
  • AIDS
    • Extreme weakness and fatigue
    • Weight loss
    • Frequent fevers
    • White spots in the mouth or throat
    • Chronic diarrhea
treatment
Treatment
  • Anti-Viral Medication
  • Delay AIDS
prevention1
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condoms
  • Limiting Sexual Partners
  • Avoiding direct contact with blood
  • Avoid sharing needles
herpes what is it
HerpesWhat is it?
  • HSV 1 (Herpes Symplex 1)
    • Virus
    • Cold Sore, mouth, face or nose
  • HPV2 (Herpes Symplex 2)
    • Virus
    • Genitals or surrounding area
herpes how do you get it
Herpes – How do you get it?
  • HSV 1: saliva
  • HSV 2: sexual contact or contact with open sores
symptoms
Symptoms
  • HSV 1
    • Mouth or face
  • HSV 2
    • On or around the genitals
    • first notice itching or pain
    • sores a few days later
    • start out as red bumps that soon turn into red, watery blisters.
    • The sores may open up, ooze fluid or bleed, and then heal within the next 2 to 4 weeks.
pubic lice
Pubic Lice
  • Tiny insects that feed off of your blood
  • Look like “crabs”
  • An STD that you can get without sexual activity
how do you get it
How do you get it?
  • Sexual contact
  • Infected clothing, towels, bedding
signs symptoms
Signs & Symptoms
  • INTENSE itching
  • Tiny white/yellowish eggs in the pubic hair
  • Small grayish bites around the pubic area
  • Small brown specks in your underwear
treatment1
Treatment
  • Medicated creams to kill lice and eggs
  • Wash bedding, towels and clothing in HOT water
syphillis
Syphillis
  • What is it?
    • STD caused by a bacteria
  • How do you get it?
    • direct contact with a sore, known as a chancre

( pronounced “kang-ker”)

    • Any sexual contact
symptoms1
Symptoms
  • Primary Stage 1:
    • painless sore “chancre” that lasts 3-6 weeks
  • Secondary Stage 2:
    • Reddish brown spots both on palms and the bottoms of the feet
    • Gray or white lesions in the mouth, underarms, and groin
slide31

Late Stages

  • Can appear 10–20 years later
  • Damage internal organs
  • Paralysis
  • Numbness
  • Blindness
  • Dementia
  • Death
treatment2
Treatment
  • No over the counter treatments
  • Injections