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Language Arts Test. Domains. Reading Comprehension- 48% Literary Analysis - 38% Conventions and Writing - 14%. Reading Comprehension. These items test your ability to read and understand the meaning and main ideas in fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. Reading Comprehension.

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domains
Domains
  • Reading Comprehension- 48%
  • Literary Analysis - 38%
  • Conventions and Writing - 14%
reading comprehension
Reading Comprehension
  • These items test your ability to read and understand the meaning and main ideas in fiction, nonfiction, and poetry.
reading comprehension1
Reading Comprehension
  • Also tested is your ability to identify an author’s use of literary elements including:
  • language and style
  • character development
  • point of view
  • irony
  • sound
  • form
  • structure
literary analysis
Literary Analysis
  • Analysis of how authors use language for particular purposes in fiction, nonfiction, and poetry.
  • Recognition of theme and underlying meaning as well as an understanding of the history of American literature.
  • Identification and analysis of techniques used by authors to produce particular effects on the reader.
conventions and writing
Conventions and Writing
  • Knowledge of vocabulary, writing for specific audiences, proper English usage
  • Formulating clear research questions
  • Revision of writing to address different audiences and to improve the coherence of the organization
identifying main ideas
Identifying Main Ideas
  • The main idea can often be found in one or more of these places:
    • The title
    • The thesis statement
    • The conclusion
main ideas
Main Ideas
  • The subordinate, or supporting, ideas of a passage can often be found in one or more of these places:
    • The topic sentence of each paragraph
    • The body paragraphs
main ideas1
Main Ideas
  • In a well-written passage, you’ll find evidence to support main and subordinate ideas in the body paragraphs. This evidence might include:
    • Anecdotes
    • Descriptions
    • Facts
    • Statistics
finding the main idea
Finding the Main Idea
  • When the main idea is not directly stated, look at the supporting ideas and think what they all have in common.
author s purpose
Author’s Purpose
  • Inform- objective, factual statements are used
  • Persuade – opinions are expressed; propaganda techniques are used
author s purpose1
Author’s Purpose
  • Entertain – speaker is usually telling a story
  • Describe – strong adjective that tell what something is like; often uses figurative language
nonfiction and fact vs opinion
Nonfiction and Fact vs. Opinion
  • Nonfiction works such as speeches and essays often combine fact and opinion, particularly if they are meant to be persuasive.
nonfiction and fact vs opinion1
Nonfiction and Fact vs. Opinion
  • Determining between fact and opinion takes logical reasoning
  • A fact is a statement that can be proven.
  • An opinion is a statement that cannot be proven because it states a writer’s belief or judgment about something.
nonfiction and fact vs opinion2
Nonfiction and Fact vs. Opinion
  • These questions are not trick questions: just because you do not know if the statement is true or false, does NOT mean it is an opinion.
nonfiction and fact vs opinion3
Nonfiction and Fact vs. Opinion
  • Think: even though I don’t know if “Abraham Lincoln is the sixteenth president,” it could be proven; whereas, as statement such as “The country would not have reunited if not for Abraham Lincoln” cannot be proven.
identifying tone
Identifying Tone
  • Tone reflects the author’s attitude
  • Think is the TONE positive or negative and then choose your answer accordingly.
  • Ex. - If the tone comes across as negative, you want to choose an answer with negative connotation such as bitter or malicious.
basic literary elements
Basic Literary Elements
  • Authors use literary elements to influence and involve their readers.
  • Being familiar with the basic elements can make readers more aware of the effects authors are trying to create.
basic literary elements language
Basic Literary Elements: Language
  • Diction refers to the word choices a writer makes
  • Figurative language, or figures of speech, to convey meaning other than the literal meaning of the word
    • Metaphors and similes are examples of figures of speech.
  • Imagery, or description intended to elicit a sensory experience, allows an author to show a reader something, rather than to tell a reader.
basic literary elements language1
Basic Literary Elements:Language
  • Symbolism is another way in which writers use language to express something more than the literal meaning of the words.
  • A symbol is something that stands for something else.
basic literary elements plot
Basic Literary Elements: Plot
  • Exposition - introduces the characters, establishes the setting, and reveals the problem or conflict.
  • Rising action -a series of complications in which tension builds; incidents either help or hinder the protagonist in finding a solution
basic literary elements plot1
Basic Literary Elements: Plot
  • Climax - the peak or turning point of the action.
  • Denouement or falling action - after the climax; gives any necessary explanation and ends with resolution, the sense that the story is complete.
literary movements
Literary Movements
  • You will probably not be asked specific dates about these movement, but you may need to know characteristics of a particular movement.
  • Also, knowing to what time period/movement a piece of literature belongs could help with identification of theme and tone.
literary movements1
Native American

Colonial

Revolutionary/ Naturalisim

Romanticism/ Transcendentalism

Realism

Naturalism

Modern

Postmodern

Literary Movements

Details are in handout.

conventions and writing1
Conventions and Writing
  • Identify and correct the grammatical errors in a passage in the following areas:
  • Main and subordinate clauses
  • Punctuation marks (e.g., end punctuation, commas, colons, semicolons, quotation marks, ellipses, and hyphens)
conventions and writing2
Conventions and Writing
  • Verb tense consistency and agreement
  • Proper placement of modifiers
  • Precise word choice
  • Spelling
  • Parallel structure
finally
FINALLY
  • Read everything carefully
  • Think the answers through
  • If you have no clue, try to eliminate at least 1 answer, and make your best guess.
  • Get plenty of sleep the night before
  • Eat breakfast
  • GOOD LUCK