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8. CHAPTER. Cats. History of the Cat. Descended from dog ancestor Miacis General timeline First feline cat: ~ 35 million years ago Modern cats: ~ 7 million years ago Domestication: ~ 4,000 years ago. History of Cats.

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History of the cat
History of the Cat

  • Descended from dog ancestor Miacis

  • General timeline

    • First feline cat: ~35 million years ago

    • Modern cats: ~7 million years ago

    • Domestication: ~4,000 years ago

History of cats
History of Cats

  • When humans were predominantly hunters, dogs were of great use, and thus were domesticated long before cats.

  • Cats, on the other hand, only became useful to people when we began to settle down, till the earth and—crucially—store surplus crops.

    • With grain stores came mice.

    • Cats began to wander into towns.

    • The cats were delighted by the abundance of prey in the storehouses; people were delighted by the pest control.

History of cat
History of Cat

  • Cats today came from African Wild Cat

  • Roughly 38 species of cats today

General cat classifications
General Cat Classifications

  • Three genuses

    • Roaring cats (Panthera)

    • Nonroaring cats (Felis)

    • Cheetah (Acinonyx)

  • Two major groups of domesticated cats

    • Shorthaired

    • Longhaired

  • One miscellaneous domesticated group

    • Semi-longhaired and either shorthaired or longhaired

Shorthaired cat breeds a j


American Shorthair

American Wirehair

Bombay Breed


British Shorthair



Cornish Rex

Devon Rex

Egyptian Mau

Exotic Shorthair

Havana Brown

Japanese Bobtail

Shorthaired Cat Breeds (A–J)

Shorthaired cat breeds k z





Oriental Shorthair

Russian Blue

Scottish Fold



Snowshoe Breed



Shorthaired Cat Breeds (K–Z)

Longhaired cat breeds

Balinese and Javanese



Himalayan and Kashmir

Maine Coon

Norwegian Forest Cat

Persian Breed



Turkish Angora

Longhaired Cat Breeds

Miscellaneous cat breeds
Miscellaneous Cat Breeds

  • American Curl

  • Turkish Van

  • LaPerm

  • Selkirk Rex

  • Siberian

Methods of cat feeding
Methods of Cat Feeding

  • Dietary makeup

    • Cats need almost twice as much protein as dogs (30 to 40 percent)

    • Fats should make up ~10 percent

  • Food sources

    • Animals are best protein source

    • Commercial foods are best—No dog food

  • Food amount

    • Driven by cat’s age, weight, breed, condition, and activity level

    • Frequent feedings for kittens and pregnant females

Methods of cat exercise and training
Methods of Cat Exercise and Training

  • Amount of exercise varies according to cat’s breed and environment

  • Toys and play equipment are sources of exercise

  • Cats should be trained to litter box and scratching post as kittens

  • Trick training is similar to that for dogs

Methods of cat grooming and care
Methods of Cat Grooming and Care

  • Grooming benefits all cats

    • Longhaired cats should have daily care

    • Hand grooming usually enough for shorthairs

  • Cat baths should begin at 4 months

  • Other checks during regular grooming

    • Ears for mites

    • Eyes for infection

    • Teeth and gums for soreness

    • Claws for trimming

Infectious cat diseases
Infectious Cat Diseases

  • Feline panleukopenia

  • Feline herpesvirus (FHV) and feline calicivirus (FCV)

  • Feline rhinotracheitis (PVR)

  • Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

  • Feline leukemia virus (FeLV)

  • Feline pneumonitis

  • Rabies

Noninfectious cat diseases
Noninfectious Cat Diseases

  • Feline urologic syndrome (FUS)

  • Wet eyes

Internal cat parasites
Internal Cat Parasites

  • Toxoplasmosis

  • Ascarids and hookworms

  • Tapeworms

External cat parasites
External Cat Parasites

  • Lice

  • Mites

  • Feline scabies

  • Other external parasites

Cat fungal diseases and poisonings
Cat Fungal Diseases and Poisonings

  • Similar to those for dogs

  • Fungal diseases

    • Ringworm

    • Systemic fungal infections

  • Poisonings

    • Insecticides

    • Plants

    • Household chemicals

    • Herbicides

    • Medications

    • Metal poisonings

    • Antifreeze