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Acetone

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  1. Acetone Courtney Stone Mrs.Pilon December 18,2012 Chemistry

  2. Is the molecule naturally occurring? Is it synthesized? Where does it come from? • Acetone is a naturally occurring molecule. • Acetone is chemically synthesized. • It is naturally produced and disposed of in the human body as a result of metabolic processes. • It comes from plants, trees, forest fires, and as a product of the breakdown of body fat.

  3. When was it discovered? How was it discovered? • It was discovered shortly before World War 1 by Chaim Weizmann. • He needed something to help him create the method of Bacterial Fermentation. He used the bacterium clostridium acetobutylicum to produce acetone.

  4. Indirect and Direct uses of Acetone • Acetone is the primary ingredient in nail polish remover. • It is the only thing that will dissolve crazy glue and get anything that is stuck to it unstuck. • It is used in labs to clean equipment. • Acetone is used for cleaning fiber glass tools.

  5. How was the synthesis of this molecule changed it’s uses/costs? • Acetone was incredibly valuable due to it’s explosiveness. Everyone in the war wanted it for their bombs. • Acetone is cheaper today because it is world wide spread and it is useful for many different reasons so a lot of people use and want it.

  6. Indirect and Direct risks of making or using this product. • It is irritating to the eyes. • Swallowing may cause headaches, nausea, giddiness, and unconsciousness. • Acetone is highly flammable. • It can cause severe damage to skin and mouth. • Acetone may cause birth defects, as well as liver, kidney, and heart diseases.

  7. Indirect and Direct benefits from Acetone. • Acetone doesn’t hurt the environment because of it’s low toxicity and complete solubility in water. • It dissolves and removes super glue from fingers and other objects. • It is the primary ingredient in nail polish remover and paint thinner. • Hundreds of household products contain acetone.

  8. Are there alternatives that could be used that may lessen the risks? • Acetone should always be handled, stored, and used with precautions against fire and explosion. • Appropriate safety gear should always be worn when handling acetone. • Do not inhale, ingest, or come in any type of skin contact with acetone.