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Tecogen Technology Review. The Emerging Technologies Coordinating Council December 10, 2012. Bob Panora President and COO. Outline. Company Background Key Technology Areas (CA Funded) Microgrid Enabled CHP Module Commercial Applications High Efficiency Water Heating (Ilios)

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tecogen technology review
Tecogen Technology Review

The Emerging Technologies Coordinating Council

December 10, 2012

Bob Panora

President and COO

outline
Outline
  • Company Background
  • Key Technology Areas (CA Funded)
    • Microgrid Enabled CHP Module
      • Commercial Applications
    • High Efficiency Water Heating (Ilios)
      • Advanced Engine
    • Advanced Emissions Control System
      • Application to Commercial Products
      • Other Engines
basis for our products
Basis for Our Products
  • Remote Power Station Power is Inefficient
  • Substantial Improvement (~2X) Possible if…
    • Power Generation Distributed
    • Power Generation is Staged
    • Second Stage is Applied to Onsite Heating
  • Product Offering (3 general Areas)
    • Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
    • Air Conditioning
    • High Efficiency Heating (Heat Pump)
tecogen s customer base
Tecogen’s Customer Base
  • Depart. Stores
  • Sports Arenas
  • Ice Rink
  • Hotels
  • Athletic Clubs
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TECOGEN Inc. – Many Local Installations & Factory Service

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Industrial

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FACTORY-SERVICED TECOGEN COGEN MODULES & CHILLERSIN BAY AREA

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ca funded chp module inverde

Sample Tecogen InVerde CHP system

CA Funded CHP Module (InVerde)
  • Development Funded By Pier (CEC) and SoCal Gas Funds
  • Utilizes Technology From Related Commision Projects
    • CERTS Microgrid
    • Ultra-Low Emissions
  • Important Features
    • Seamless Transfer in Outage
    • Utility Friendly Certification
      • UL 1741
    • Emissions Compliant South Coast Rule 1110.2
    • CE Mark for EU

Off-Grid System in NYC

microgrid feature
Microgrid Feature
  • Demonstrated in Recent NY Outage (Sandy)
  • 400 Unit Condo
    • Operated 5-6 Days
    • Fully Powered
  • SMUD Headquarters Demo
    • CEC Funded
    • Completely Seamless Transfer
advanced heat pump water heater
Advanced Heat Pump Water Heater
  • Incorporates Two CA Funded Technologies
    • Advanced Natural Gas Engine (CEC Funded)
    • Ultra-Low Emissions (CEC/SoCal)
  • Important Features
    • Rule 1110.2 Compliant
    • Peak Efficiency >200%
    • Just Introduced
favorable chp conditions
Favorable CHP Conditions
  • Fuel of Choice - Natural Gas
    • Supply Abundant/ Anticipate Long-Term Low Price
  • High Product Demand in Traditional/New Markets
    • Microgrid Capability Increasingly Important Feature
  • California
    • Historically Difficult Market
      • Emissions/Tariff Issues/Interconnection
    • Positive Development
      • Tecogen Emissions Breakthrough
    • Sept/Oct 20-Stop Road Show
engine emissions
Engine Emissions

Pollution Levels Comparable to Fuel Cells

advanced emissions system
Advanced Emissions System
  • 2008 Tecogen Was Awarded Research Contract by California Energy Commision and SoCal Gas
    • Goals
      • System Compliant with Latest SoCal (SCAQMD) Regulations for Distributed Generation (DG)
  • Back Story
    • Several Years Earlier The District Had Exposed Shortcomings of the After-treatment Systems for Natural Gas Engines
    • In 2008 Issued New Regulation for DG Technologies (Rule 1110.2)
      • Based on “CARB 2007”
    • Combined Heat in Power in CA Facing Uncertain Future
      • Compliance of Engine-Base Systems Not Feasible
      • Emerging Technologies Still Constrained by Cost, Other Shortcomings
      • No Viable CHP Option in CA
project outcome
Project Outcome
  • Faced Intractable Problem
    • Price of Very Low NOx is High CO
    • Price of Low CO is High NOx
  • Final Stages of Project Produced Unexpected Breakthrough
  • Highly Positive Attributes
    • Easily Commercialized
    • Modest Cost/Design Impact
    • No Significant Performance Penalty
    • Appears Transferable to Other Engines
additional testing
Additional Testing
  • AVL Gmbh (Lake Forest CA)
    • 2.5 Liter Automotive Engine
    • Natural Gas Fueled
  • Field Test (San Fernando, CA)
    • Standard Tecogen CHP Unit (Retrofitted)
    • 24/7 Application
    • Continuous Sampling
      • 4 Times Per Hour/3 Minutes
  • Source Test (San Fernando, CA)
    • Licensed Emission Contractor
    • Follow Mandated Process for Permit
long term compliance
Long-term Compliance

* w/ 60% Efficiency credit

performance 8000 hr source test
Performance (8000 hr Source Test)

1)Tecogen emissions based upon actual third party source test data

2) Fuel Cell emissions from Summary Report - Fuel Cell Emission, CEC Grant PNG-06-002, by University of California Irvine-Subcontract UCI-06-002.

3) Stationary engine BACT as defined by SCAQMD.

4) Limits represent CARB 2007 emission standard for Distributed Generation with a 60% (HHV) Overall Efficiency credit

why emissions are important
Why Emissions Are Important

CO

NOx

1400

600 megawatt-hrs Electricity

40.2k Therms Heat

1200

1000

800

Annual Pollution Created (lbs/year)

600

400

200

CO n/a

0

Advanced Tecogen System

Pollution From

Power Plant

From Gas Boiler

From Typical CHP Unit

EPA BACT

current status
Current Status
  • Available in All Tecogen CHP Products (“Ultra" Option)
  • Successfully Certified in NJ Clean DG
    • Air Permit Exemption
  • Patent Applications in Process (US/EU/Other)
  • Technology Published in Peer-Reviewed Scientific Forum
    • Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
  • Up-fit Program to Industrial Water Pumping Engine
    • SoCal Gas/Local Water District
  • Lake Forest CHP Unit Source Test (Imminent)
    • Milestone Permit (Rule 1110.2)
california policy and regulatory issues
California Policy and Regulatory Issues
  • Oct 2012 U.S. Clean Heat and Power Association Forum (DOE)
    • Panel “The California Conundrum– Policy vs. Practice”
    • Highlighting the Dismaying Evolution of CA CHP Policy
  • Main Points
    • Highly Varied Incentives and Exemptions
      • Based on Technology Rather Than Neutral Parameters
      • Should Have Technology Neutral Basis (Efficiency, etc.)
      • Rule 21 Certification Not Available For InVerde (Manpower Constraints)
    • Complexity Burdensome Small Projects
    • Standby/Departing Load Charges
thank you
Thank You!

robert.panora@tecogen.com

Tecogen Inc.

45 First Ave, Waltham MA

781-466-6401