Mindfulness Practice. What is mindfulness about?. Based on a Eastern meditation tradition but is not dependent on any belief or ideology. It is about being aware of what is happening in the present on a moment-by-moment basis
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Based on a Eastern meditation tradition but is not dependent on any belief or ideology.
It is about being aware of what is happening in the present on a moment-by-moment basis
It is contrasted with states of mind in which attention is focussed elsewhere e.g. pre-occupation with memories, fantasies, plans or worries, and behaving automatically without awareness of ones actions.
It includes a sense of approaching all experience with openness and kindly curiosity, rather than avoiding difficult experience or judging them or us.
“paying attention in a particular way;
On purpose, in the present moment,
(Jon Kabat-Zinn, 1994, pg4).
Kabat-Zinn (1990) Seven Core attitudes
Mindfulness meditation is NOT:
‑ Positive thinking
‑ Just another relaxation technique
‑ Going into a trance
-Trying to blank your mind
“Meditation is not an escape from life … but preparation for really being in life”
Thich Nhat Han
Striving vs. Non-Striving
Avoidance vs. Approach
Thoughts as ‘real’vs. Thoughts as thoughts
Living in the past and future vs. Living in the present moment
Indirect experience vs. Direct experience
Automatic vs. Intentional
The Stress Reduction Clinic was founded in 1979 in a teaching hospital in Mass. USA by Jon Kabat-Zinn, mainly for people with chronic pain and stress related disorders (see www,umassmed.edu)
MBCT ‑ specific
Developed in UK and Canada by Mark Williams, John Teasdale and Zindel Segal, cognitive therapists working with depression
Aimed at the prevention of depressive relapse; includes information on how depression is maintained
Participants trained when in remission
Similar 8‑week group format, based on MBSR with added cognitive therapy elements (Segal at al, 2002)
MBCT integrates two very different traditions:
Avoid, run away
Add extra, ruminate, elaborate
Keep asking 'why?'
Focus on others' needs
Analyse, try to think
your way out
Block it out
How have we been using MBSR: